Fair (music)

fair (Missa) is called a kind of musical compositions, which the texts of the fair, the catholic service are the basis. Beside the all-sun-daily continuous (Ordinarium) texts repeatedly also the texts (Proprium), changing in the course of the church yearly, tone themselves.

There the lutherischeLiturgie the Ordinarium maintained, gives it also to measuring compositions of Johann Sebastian brook and other Nichtkatholiken.

While the individual parts of the fair are designated after their initial words, the fair is called after its conclusion: „Ite, missa est “.

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the original abendländische church singing, from which the mehrstimmigen and orchestralen fairs developed, is in the measuring book, which Kyriale and Antiphonarium contain. It is called Gregorian Choral, there it Pope Gregor I. arranged.

Up to the end of the 18. Century measuring compositions had been created almost exclusively for the liturgical use in the office for high. In 19. Century developed the kind of the concert fairs, which blow up the God-official framework by their extent and their conditions for performance (z. B. Beethovens Missa solemnis; a singular case is Brook h-Moll-fair). Into the present however further new compositions of the text for the service develop.

The classical measuring composition used latin the text, which was in the catholic Liturgie up to the last council the only certified one. Besides and gives it gave in addition, increases nationallinguisticFairs like already thrust RTS Germans fair or Janáčeks Glagoliti fair.


the fair consists of the following firm components (Ordinarium), designated after the initial words of the text:

in additioncan still some further parts occur, which belong to the Proprium, since they change for the cause accordingly. There is:

original was used the term Missa brevis for it, (complete) a fair of shorter duration or also withoutGloria to designate Credo and the Propriumteile. The opposite in the catholic tradition is the Missa solemnis, which did not have to last necessarily longer, but was provided with larger expenditure. In the Protestant tradition the Missa is consisting brevis a composition of Kyrie and Gloria, the counterpart in addition is the Missa tota, which occurs however not too frequently and probably finds in brook h-Moll-fair their high point.

important compositions

important measuring compositions of the Renaissance come from Palestrina („Missa papae Marcelli “), in Italy Orlando di Lasso, inFlanders Guillaume you Fay and in Germany Hans Leo Hassler.

Starting from that 17. Century shrank the original unanimity of the singing in favor of the additional use of instruments and Vokalsolisten. Such fairs composed: Johann Sebastian brook (h-Moll-fair), January Dismas Zelenka, Joseph Haydn, Michael Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert („German fair “), Naumann, Vogler, winter, Cherubini, Rossini, Hummel, Seyfried, Eybler, Tomaschek, Friedrich cutter, Moritz captain, Friedrich Kiel, Albert Becker, Anton Bruckner and.v. A.

see also


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