Metz

of these articles is concerned with the French city Metz. For further meanings see to Metz (term clarifying)
coat of arms map
Base data
region: Lorraine
Département: Moselle
city arrangement: ? Local parts
surface: 41.9 km ²
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 49° 7 ' 12 " N, 6° 10 ' 48 " O
49° 7 ' 12 " N, 6° 10 ' 48 " O
height: 190 m and. NN
inhabitant: 123,776
(1999)
population density: 2954 inhabitants for each km ² (1999)
postal zip codes: F-57000
preselection: 0033-387
Kfz characteristic: 57
municipality keys: ?
Address
of the city administration:
Mairie de Metz
Place of d'Armes
57000 Metz
Website: www.mairie-metz.fr
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Jean Marie intoxication (a party)

Metz (French [ˈmɛs]) is an industrial city in the northeast of France and capital of the Départements Moselle and the region Lorraine. Metz is because of the delta of the Seille into those Mosel.

Table of contents

history

First settlement traces are starting from 3000 v. Chr., when the region was settled of the Celts. Metz, whose old keltisch--Latin name Divodurum (God castle) reads, was called in the lateRoman time after the Keltenstamm Mediomatricum ( in the high-medieval form Mettis ), settling there. ThoseKeltensiedlung became 52 v. Chr. from the Romans and developed - been because of the important crossing of the roads to Reims, Trier, Strasbourg and Mainz - to one of the largest cities Galliens conquers. In 2. Century possessed the city of 40,000 inhabitants andwas thus larger than Lutetia (Paris). In 4. and 5. The first Christian municipalities were based century, as a first bishop apply for pc. Clemens in 4. Century - (to the ore diocese Trier belonging ) the bishop seat is surely provable starting from 535. In the year 451 becameMetz of the troops of the Hunnenkönigs Attila destroys.

The city was in merowingisch - Frankish time the capital of the Frankish east realm, also Austrasien mentioned. In this time the city Metz in cultural and religious areas flowered. Sank Chrodegang, abbott of Gorze and bishop of Metz,developed the first life rules of the canonically living clerics or pin gentlemen. From the abbey Gorze developed the new church singing plain chan, which was called later after Pope Gregor the large one Gregorian singing.

Metz is the original master seat of the Karolinger. Different family members of Karl of the large one howits wife Hildegard or emperors Ludwig the pious one was buried in the monastic church. The great-grandfather of Karl of the large one, sank Arnold (Saint Arnoul) and Karl's own son Drogo were under other offices archbishops of Metz.

With the karolingischen handing hurrying after the death of Ludwig of the pious one Metz 843 came to Lorraine, 870 then to the east Franconia realm. The city made itself 1189 independent of the bishop.

Between 1180 and 1210 Metz became German realm Reich, created themselves a rule area, the Pays Messin, rose thereby in 14. Century to the surface-largest realm city up,and knows successfully all attacks of the dukes of Lorraine on its area back.

In the predominant time of its history Metz remained by the majority französischsprachig. As in the neighbouring free realm city Strasbourg developed a city republic, those from the richest Patrizierfamilien ( the Paraiges in the locallothringischen language) one led. They formed a Kollegium of thirteen representatives, whom one called usually also les Treize (“the thirteen”). The inhabitants of the free realm city Metz called themselves citains, whereby one recognizes clearly the then exemplary Italian model of the autonomous Città. Metz maintained at that timecontact with the Italian commercial towns and accommodated numerous so-called „lombardische Kontore move one “, which brought the money and loan business from north Italy to Metz. The Jewish aschkenasische community of Metz belonged to oldest France and played for a long time a crucial role in the monetary transaction between people andAuthority. The bishop of Metz remained formally the head of the free city, but escaped each Trubel of the rebellious city, by establishing itself in the residence of Vic sur Seille.

Already in 9. Century counted the city Metz 39 churches and numerous monasteries and pins. Thoseformer Roman Basilika Saint Pierre aux Nonnains is considered as the oldest church of France. Up to 16. Century was Metz a trueful monastery city: Starting from that 12. and 13. Century were added the begging and knight medal, which made from Metz by the majority religious city. The arrival of the Frenchmenstarting from that 16. Century set a final end for this period. They converted the religious city into a military bulwark against Germany (HRR).

To 10. April 1552 occupied the French king Heinrich II.the city, whose citizen had offered eight days long resistance. It calledla chevauchée d'Austrasie (“ the ride after Austrasien”), because it it regarded this introduction this political success as revenge for the fact that its karolingischen and kapetingischen ancestor had lost the lothringischen part of the realm. Actually Heinrich got II. the Vikariat and/or. Protectorate over the so-called three dioceses Metz, Toul and Verdun. Although the catholicism was state religion of the French kingdom, France often made a pact with the Protestant German princes, in order to make contentious for the catholic having citizen hereditary enemy somehow the European supremacy. Thus it happened also with Metz: Only with the quiet agreementthe Protestant realm princes (the prince conspiracy in such a way specified) the French king could draw Metz into the free city with the pretext to protect the city against the lothringischen duke who was added the Roman-German emperor as well known. Each attempt of Karl V. to back-conquer the city Metz failed.The Frenchmen remained in Metz, until the Westfäli peace the three dioceses 1648 to them officially and finally awarded.

Metz became in 17. Century by Vauban fastens and served as turntable for all campaigns of Ludwig XIV. in its Reunionspolitik towards the east. Medieval Metz turned out inOblivion.

1871 - 1918 and 1940 - 1944 belonged to Metz again to the German Reich, after in the French-German war the city capitulated after a two-month FE storage by general Moltke and/or. the German armed forces in the Second World War it with troops occupied. In the context of the census of 1900 indicated in the urban area Metz 78% German and 22% French as native language, most Germans were stationed “Prussian “officials or soldiers however here. In the district Metz indicated 57.1% French and 42.9% German as native language. In the year 1944the back conquest of Metz formed the high point of the battle by the Americans around Lorraine. The first Annexion affected particularly strongly the Metzer townscape and became particularly apparent in military and civilian architecture. Today one still differentiates without problemsthe “German” or “Prussian” of “French” Metz. This duality belongs simply to the history of the city, similarly as in Strasbourg. But contrary to the elsässischen capital, in which by the majority German one spoke, and is Metz from age was a by the majority französischsprachige and - gesinnteCity. The German attempts of the past left therefore its mental traces in the population.

1961 fused Metz with the neighbouring municipalities Borny, Magny and Vallières lès Metz.

politics

mayor

the last mayors of Metz were:

  • Raymond Mondon 1947 to 1970
  • Jean Marie intoxication from 1971 to today, last re-election 2001

partnership between cities

Trier is since that 13. October 1957 twin city of Metz.

culture and objects of interest

  • the gothical cathedral Saint Étienne de Metz (also Kirchenfenstern ) church Sainte Segolène (13
  • sketched by Mark Chagall. /14. Century)
  • Musé d'Art et d'Histoire de Metz
  • urban museum Cour d'Or
  • havens of the Allemands (German gate)
  • church Saint Martin
  • Church Saint Vincent
  • Saint Pierre de la Citadelle
  • Saint Eucaire
  • Saint Maximin
  • ruins of the Stadtmauern

sport

Metz will represent in the French first football league (Ligue national one) by the fiber plastic Metz.

economics and infrastructure

traffic

30 km south the city Metz onA 31 lies the Aéroport Metz Nancy Lorraine. Besides Metz accommodates the most important inland port for the envelope of grain in France. Metz is outstanding tied up to the European railway system. The new TGV Est continues to become over Metz to Luxembourg, Saarbruecken and Frankfurtat the Main run. Metz was the terminator point of a strategic railway line, the so-called cannon course, from Berlin over Wetzlar and Koblenz. Traffic-technically Metz is because of the important north south and east west connections.

The greatest importance for Metz has the port, over that the export of grainone completes. For industry and trade beside it the binding to the railway system and the binding are very important to the traffic ways. The civilian airport of Metz does not have a great importance, since its catchment area is relatively small.

resident enterprise

Ikea France has itsMain distribution store in Metz.

public mechanisms

the regional parliament of Lorraine has his seat in Metz.

personalities

of sons and daughters of the city

literature

Web on the left of

Commons: Metz - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)