Michel de Klerk

Michel de Klerk (* Amsterdam, 24. November 1884, † 24. November 1923) was a Netherlands architect. It is considered as one the general agent of the expressionistischen Amsterdamer school.

early years

Het Ship, Amsterdam
Het Ship, Amsterdam

De Klerk 1884 became as 25. Son one at that time 78jährigen Diamantschleifers born, which died 1887. Michel buildup in poverty in the Amsterdamer Jew quarter. Since it revealed already large talent in drawing however on the primary school, the attendance of a higher school was made possible for it. 1898 gave the Architect Eduard Cuypers as a service boy in its office an employment to the fourteen-year old, where de Klerk should remain twelve years long. There also Johan worked van the Mey and Piet shopkeeper, those together with de Klerk the three general agents of the Amsterdamer school (architecture)|Amsterdamer school will should.

Amsterdamer school

even if Cuypers a quite traditional architect were, left it its coworkers nevertheless many liberties and entrance to its extensive library offered to them. Beyond that it particularly accepted de Klerks and could it training the structural draughtsman be made. In this atmosphere de Klerk could develop and its coworker their talent. After de Klerk had married 1910 a secretary van Cuypers and had made a journey by Scandinavia, he established himself as a structural draughtsman in Sloten. Its first implemented order was for a house in Uithoorn the 1911. The architect and project manager H.A.J. Baanders provided de Klerk the order to sketch a block of flats for workers in Amsterdam.

Since then its name is primarily connected with “social housing construction”. Its most well-known building is a residential complex for workers in in Amsterdam (“Het Schip”). Together with shopkeeper de Klerk sketched also a large complex for the social-democratic cooperative one “De Dageraad”, likewise in Amsterdam. Reliably de Klerks played left political opinions a role with the assignment of the order.

plan Berlage

was begun as 1918, Amsterdam after a plan of H.P. Berlage to expand (“plan Zuid”), was de Klerk one of the implementing architects. The size and the political meaning of the project limited it however in its creativity strongly. Therefore it was limited to individual orders. When this proved as a little successful, he became increasingly depressive. A last large work became the department store “De Bijenkorf” into the Hague, which marks also a terminator point of the Amsterdamer school as architectural style. Before the draft was finished, de Klerk at its 39 died. Birthday at a pneumonia. Its last project, the Turmspitze of a reformed church in IJsselstein, was implemented still after its death on operation of its wife.


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