|inhabitant:||1.741.371 (1. January 2004)|
|Surface:||256 km ²|
|height:||approx. 270 m and. NN|
|postal zip code:||BY - 220xxx|
|telephone preselection:||+375 17|
|Geographical situation:||53° 54 ' N; 27° 33 ' O|
|KFZ characteristics:|| |
|next ones int. Airport:||Airport Minsk 2|
Minsk (Byelorussian Менск or Мінск, Russian Минск) the capital of white Russia is with 1,74 million And is appropriate for inhabitants to the Swislatsch, a tributary of the Bjaresina. Minsk is political, economical and cultural center of the country.
Table of contents
seat of the national Belarussi university, several universities as well as higher educational facilities. It givesa firm building of circuses as well as a well-known opera and ballet house.
Minsk is capital and at the same time area and district town and lives 1.729.000 inhabitants here. The surface of the city amounts to 255.8 km ² and is divided into 9 urban districts. ThatThe village settlements and an urban settlement are subordinated to town councillor.
the Middle Ages and early modern times
at the beginning of the yearly 1067 was mentioned for the first time Minsk as Menesk. Since 1101 it is capital of an independent principality, the 1129 the Kiewer Rus was attached. Since beginning 14. Century belonged it to Lithuania, in 16. Century became Minsk an important commercial town.
since 1724 was Minsk capital of white Russia (Russian Gouvernement) and 1812 by NapoleonsTroops destroys. Beginning 20. Century was often Minsk scene of wars: 1914/15 seat of the Russian supreme command in the First World War,
in the boiler battle with Minsk in the Second World War were destroyed Minsk to 95%.The largest part of its Jewish population was kidnapped and/or murdered during German occupation. After the war a generous reconstruction with broad roads and large parks took place. In the city center the road system became for example complete favour of a chessboard sketchupset, new representative buildings particularly for the administration developed. Into the 1980ern the Minsker Metro was opened (the development so far two lines of the comprehensive route network persists).
objects of interest
worth seeing in Minsk are the old part of town around the cathedral, the old Bernardinerinnenkloster, the Traezkae suburb (old-urban quarter), the former Skariny boulevard, which is called now “independence boulevard”(splendour boulevard in the city) as well as the river promenade at the Swislatsch. Central one of places are the Lenin place (the former independence place) and the victory place.
Minsk has an important function as international traffic junction in Eastern Europe. In Minsk crossitself the traffic routes Paris - Moscow and Northern Europe - Ukraine, both, which the railway -, and which concerns the traffic. In the center of the city the main station is named Minsk Passaschirskij, the central passenger railway station of the national railway company Belaruskaja Tschygunka, by which numerous direct connections - for example to Moscow or sank Petersburg - are offered. Southwest of it the marshalling yard min sports club Sartaval'ny which was because of the distance to Brest serves the goods traffic. Approximately around Minsk runs motorway-similarly more developedMotorway ring with Ausläufern to Brest, Hrodna/Vilnius, Worscha and Babruisk.
sons and daughters of the city
- Oskar Anderson one, ranks among the most influential statisticians 20. Century
- walter Anderson one, German Folklorist 20. Century
- Alexej Dmitriev, German ice hockey player
- Boris gel-found, chess master
- Alexander Hleb, football player
- Louis B. Mayer, US-American film producer
- max of Mirny, tennis player
- Alexander Parvus, Russian revolutionary (Menschewiki) and German Social Democrat
- Salman Schasar, Israeli politician and third president of Israel
- Stanislau Schuschkjewitsch, scientist and politician
- Jakow Borissowitsch Seldowitsch, atomic physicists
- Natallja Swerawa, Tennisspielerin
- Weronika Tscherkassowa, oppositional belarussische lady journalist
- Andrej Tiwontschik, former German athlete and olympia participant
Web on the left of
|Wiktionary: Minsk - word origin, synonyms and translations|
|Commons: Minsk - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
- side on a Byelorussian server into German over the city
- side of the Minsk town center Executive Committee (English-language)
- Minsk portal
- Minsk Blogg
coordinates: 53° 54 ' N; 27° 33 ' O