Mirdita

Im Tal des Fan bei Rubik
in the valley fan with Rubik
Versammlung von Mirditen
meeting of Mirditen

the Mirdita (Albanian also Mirditë) is a gebirgige region in north Albania. It was original settlement area of the Mirditen, one of the most important northAlbanian trunks.

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[work on] meaning and

origin of the name Mirdita the “property day country ”, since mirëdita on Albanian is called good day.

The legend means that a man left three sons with his death. Its whole possession consisted of a saddle and a filter. The oldest took the saddle (Albanian: Shala), the secondaryoldest filter (Albanian: Shosha). Did not remain for the youngest brother differently to wish than the other good day. And in such a way the three trunks of the Shala, Shosha and the Mirditen came to their names.

Another interpretation sees the origin in the situation of the region. From the coast the Mirdita lies in the east, where the sun comes up. Mirdita is thus the place, where the new day begins.

geography

the area of the Mirdita is separated according to the west from the coastal plain and the sea by a mountain chain (scarcely 1000 meters highly). Behind it lies a strongly zerfurchte and eroded Hochebene, which is to be called today rather hill country and particularly into the east and the north changes into higher mountain courses up to 2100 meters. The average height of the landscape is on approximately 400 meters over sea.

The river fan drains the whole Mirdita. Completely in the southwest of the region it flows into the Mat, which breaks through the mountains there in a ravine to the coast.

The red earth refers to the occurrence of mineral raw materials, which were also diminished at different places. Of importance in particular the copper is - mining industry with mines in Rubik and Kurbnesh. Breaking in the world prices, technology become outdated perfectly and missing investors let this industry be stopped to the collapse of communism however.

The Mirdita is sparsely populated. There are only three larger localities: The modern principal place Rrëshen (9,240 inhabitants - 2001) as well as the small mine cities Rubik (of 2,300 inhabitants - 2005, estimation)) and Kurbnesh (1,400 inhabitants - 2005, estimation)). The villages lose themselves in the hilly landscape.

history

Mirdite in traditioneller Tracht
Mirdite in traditional Tracht

center of the Kanun

the Mirdita was over centuries a center of the social and mirror-image-ritual life of the northAlbanian trunks. Center at that time was the place Orosh. Here on the one hand the family heads of the Mirditen met to consultation, a kind land municipality respectable. Thing. Of great importance one was also the abbey of Orosh, from which the today's diocese Rrëshen came out. Like the other trunks of the region also the Mirditen was catholic (this very day) in the district more catholics live than 90 per cent.

Although the north Albanians did not recognize a central rule, there was also a kind lay authority in Orosh. The Kapedan (“captain”), which by the head the family Gjonmarku was in each case placed, was leader of the Mirditen and last instance in decisions and points of issue. The rights of the privileged family and the role of the Kapedan were exactly described in the Kanun. Each Mirdite, which killed someone, had to pay a delivery to the Gjonmarku. Even the Osmanen, from which the Mirditen suffered strongly, recognized the position of priority of the Gjonmarku.

Republic of Mirdita

after the First World War came it into the Mirdita to an internal struggle for power, after the Kapedan without male descendants had died. The unpopular and enterbte nephew Gjon Marka Gjoni tried nevertheless to come to power. From the Yugoslavs he requested (financial) support, which he also received, since Belgrade was interested in a destabilization of the recent Albanian state. He requested the Mirditen unsuccessfully to rise against the “Turkish” ( = Muslim) government in Tirana. In the consequence Gjon Marka Gjoni, which was not powerful reading and letter, called to 17. July 1921 in Prizren the Republic of Mirdita out, explained itself as their presidents and required of the Völkerbund the acknowledgment. The enterprise offering no prospects was not even supported soon more by Yugoslavia, which supplied Gjoni however nevertheless with weapons and soldiers. To Albanian government troops under Bajram Curri it to strike back the strangers troops, succeeded at which only few Mirditen belonged. In November 1921 Gjon Marka Gjoni fled again after Prizren. The Mirditen explained itself after negotiations under the direction of Ahmed Zogu loyal as the Albanian government.

As remnants of the Republic of Mirdita occasionally stamps of the Republic of Mirdita in the trade emerge.

industrialization

in the People's Republic of Albania attained the Mirdita as raw material-rich region at meaning. Apart from the timber economy in particular the copper was - mining industry of importance. For this in the 60's the three cities Rrëshen, Rubik and Kurbnesh were built. In Rubik metallurgical factory was established. Later then still the building of the railway followed - distance from Milot to Rrëshen. The Albanian railway dismantled the distance starting from Rubik intermediate again (partly).

A part of the mine work achieved in socialist Albania von Strafgefangenen, political prisoners and interned. So also in the Mirdita. The mine of Spaç in the north of the Mirdita belonged to the most notorious labour camps of Albania. The prisoners lived there under most primitive hygenic conditions, kept food only insufficient and lived in accommodations, which hardly protected her against winter cold weather. The work requirements were extreme. In addition came solitary confinement and often also torture.

Kreis Mirdita

circle Mirdita

the circle Mirdita (Albanian: Rrethi i Mirditës) is one of the 36 administrative circles of Albania. The circle with a surface of 867 km ² belongs to the Qark Lezha. It has approx. 37,000 inhabitants (2001). Principal place is Rrëshen.

municipalities

of cities: Rreshen, Rubik
municipalities: Fan, Kaçinara, Kthella, Orosh, Selita

economics

the economy is currently because of the soil. The collapse of communism brought the end for the mines and industry with itself. Ten thousands of persons from the circle Mirdita left the region since 1990, in order to find either abroad or the urbanen centers of Albania work. Others pulled into the coastal plain, because small properties in the little fruitful mountains were not able to nourish them no more. Many staying live on the transfers of the Migranten.

The Mirdita is crossed of the Hautpverbindungsstrasse from Durrës to Kosovo. From the development the whole region could profit to this road.

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