Low mountain range

a low mountain range is mountains, which do not exceed a certain height contrary to the high mountains.

This height is not exactly fixed, it lies for instance between 500 and 1.500 M. Low mountain ranges are often old trunk mountains or board mountain countries and pointbecause of the small height no glazialen forms up, so that flatwavy upper forms prevail. In contrast to the high mountains there are because of the small height of the low mountain ranges only few or no different increments of the vegetation.

With an appropriate expositionthe low mountain ranges for main wind direction frequently strongly minted upward gradient rain is to be observed.

One can arrange the giant mountains lain in Tschechien and Poland as border line between high and low mountain ranges, it exceeds in several ranges the 1.500-m-Marke and points there also a typicalHigh mountain vegetation up, its surface forms are however predominantly comparable to those by low mountain ranges.

All mountains in Germany with exception of the alps are low mountain ranges and belong to the geographical large region German low mountain range.

The highest German low mountain range is the Black Forest. The northernmost German low mountain rangeis the Wiehengebirge.

for emergence of the salt deposit places in the German low mountain range

before 45 million to 10 million years large salt deposit places developed in the low mountain range of Germany. One does not know the emergence of the enormous quantity of salt on an individual eventlead back in geologic history, but geo scientists tightened that a several times occurred cycle represents the cause for the salt enrichment in the German low mountain range:

After by shift and collision of the ground plates among other things the German country formed (accompanying: Variski Gebirgsbildung),the area of the today's low mountain range of enormous Wassermassen was particularly inundated (Transgression). Thus at least six times was over the German low mountain range a salzhaltiges Binnenmeer final of the open sea by a flat threshold (Barre ).

Withfor the time the water and the salt loosened in it evaporated remained on the sea-bottom, which consisted mainly of salt and small stones, back. The sea drained now was filled again and again with water by the open sea and thatEvaporation procedure began again. It occurred the fact that the Binnenmeer drained not completely but filled with water from the open sea is alike.

This cycle, which had its high point in the Permian, is called Salinarzyklus. At the end were largeParts of the soil into the low mountain range into alternating layers of salts, clay/tone situations and stones divides. These layers were deformed by working endogenous and exogenous forces and carried into other altitudes. Today chloride is ( e.g. in the low mountain range. Rock salt), anhydrite, To find gypsum and potash salts.

Inn valley

as low mountain ranges one designates also the ice-age formed terraces animal oilers of the Inn valley southwest and southeast from Innsbruck. They tower above the valley soil around approximately 100-500 M.

German low mountain ranges

The geo coordinates in the following table indicate the position of the highest collection. By the names of some collections it is to be recognized that some low mountain ranges are borderspreading. The table is sorted according to the height of the highest collection.

Mountain name highest collection Height of (m) width length accuracy
Wiehengebirge Heidbrink 320 N52°17'00 " E08°28'30 " 30 "
Elm (Höhenzug) Eilumer horn 323 N52°12'00 " E10°45'00 " of 30 "
Weser mountains high stone 340 N52°12'00 " E09°19'30 " 30 "
bending mountain bending mountain 367 N52°15'30 " E09°13'00 " 30 "
Deister Bröhn 405 N52°15'00 " E09°30'30 " 30 "
Süntel high harrow/selvedge 437 N52°10'30 " E09°23'00 " 30 "
Teutoburger forest bar neck 446 N51°51'30 " E08°54'30 " 30 "
Vogler Ebersnacken 460 N51°56'00 " E09°34'00 " of 30 "
filter mountains large oil mountain 461 N50°41'00 " E07°15'00 " of 30 "
harrow/selvedge mountains of Prussian Velmerstot 468 N51°50'00 " E08°57'30 " 30 "
pure hard forest Gahrenberg 472 N51°30'30 " E09°34'30 " 30 "
pure hard forest Staufenberg 472 N51°27'00 " E09°34'00 " 30 "
Kyffhäuser Kulpenberg 474 N51°25'00 " E11°04'30 " 30 "
line mountain country Hils 480 N51°57'30 " E09°41'30 " 30 "
Bergi country Homert 519 N51°04'39 " E07°41'32 " 1 "
being Large bare ones 528 N51°47'00 " E09°26'00 " of 30 "
long mountains Schwengeberg 557 N51°15'00 " E09°20'30 " 30 "
emperor chair Totenkopf 557 N48°05'00 " E07°40'00 " 30 "
Spessart vulture mountain 586 N49°54'00 " E09°26'00 " 30 "
Habichtswald high grass 615 N51°18'30 " E09°21'30 " 30 "
desert forest cat embossment 626 N49°28'30 " E09°02'30 " 30 "
Knüllgebirge iron mountain 636 N50°53'30 " E09°31'00 " 30 "
Kaufunger forest deer mountain 643 N51°14'30 " E09°46'00 " 30 "
Westerwald fox-chewed 656 N50°39'30 " E08°06'00 " of 30 "
ebb-tide mountains north light 663 N51°09'00 " E07°45'30 " 30 "
Pfälzer forest Kalmit 673 N49°19'00 " E08°05'00 " 30 "
Frankish Alb Hesselberg 689 N49°04'00 " E10°32'00 " 30 "
Elbsandsteingebirge high snow mountain /Decínský Snežník 722 N50°47'30 " E14°07'00 " 30 "
the Eifel high one eight 746 N50°23'30 " E07°00'30 " 30 "
high Meissner Kasseler crest 754 N51°14'30 " E09°51'30 " 30 "
bird mountain Taufstein 773 N50°31'00 " E09°14'30 " 30 "
Zittauer mountains listens to 793 N50°51'00 " E14°39'00 " 30 "
Franconia forest Döbraberg 794 N50°17'00 " E11°39'00 " 30 "
Hunsrück inheritance head 818 N49°44'00 " E07°05'30 " 30 "
Elstergebirge Pocatecky Vrch 818 N50°19'30 " E12°26'30 " of 30 "
red hair mountains long mountain 843 N51°16'30 " E08°33'30 " 30 "
Thüringer slate mountains of large Farmdenkopf 869 N50°30'30 " E11°02'00 " 30 "
Taunus large field mountain 879 N50°14'00 " E08°27'30 " 30 "
Rhön water crest 950 N50°29'53 " E09°56'16 " 1 "
Thüringer forest of large Beerberg 983 N50°39'29 " E10°44'38 " 5 "
Swabian Alb Lemberg 1,015 N48°09'00 " E08°45'00 " 30 "
Oberpfälzer forest Schwarzkopf /Cerchov 1,041 N49°23'00 " E12°47'00 " 30 "
Fichtelgebirge snow mountain 1,053 N50°03'30 " E11°51'30 " 30 "
resin breaking 1,141 N51°48'00 into " E10°37'00 " of 30 "
ore mountains wedge mountain /Klinovec 1,243 N50°24'00 " E12°58'00 " 30 "
Bavarian forest of large Arber 1,456 N49°07'00 " E13°08'00 " 30 "
Black Forest field mountain 1,493 N47°52'25 " E08°00'14 " 1 "
 

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