Mona Lisa

of these articles is concerned with the picture “Mona Lisa” from Leonardo da Vinci. For other meanings see Mona Lisa (term clarifying).

The Mona Lisa (it./splinter: La Gioconda; frz.: La Joconde) is a Ölgemälde of Leonardo thereVinci on thin poplar.

Painting: Mona Lisa of Leonardo da Vinci

the picture is 76.8 x 53 cm largely and from the spring 1503 up to the summer 1505 was probably painted. Originally it was broader: on the left and on the right painted columns were cut off. It hangs todayin the Louvre in Paris.

Table of contents

identification of the model

the traditional identification of the unsignierten and not dated haven advice as that the Lisa del Giocondo goes on Giorgio Vasariback, an important bio count of the modern history of art from that 16. Century. This held that Leonardo haven-guesses/advises those to the third wife of the Florentiner of buyer and silk dealer after its return after Florenz, thus in the years between 1500 and 1506, the Lisa del Giocondo , a FrancescoBartolomeo di Zanobi del Giocondo painted. Furthermore the bio count stated that Leonardo had not completed haven-guessed/advised even after four years yet. Leonardo had also not handed the still incomplete picture to its client to Francesco over del Giocondo, but keep with itself.

There only Vasari the name Mona Lisa (Mona or Monna, ABC for it. Woman “) mentioned, numerous historians its correctness doubted Madonna = „and for other tracks looked for. Thus e.g. becomes. stated, it could itself around the Favoritin of Giuliano I. de Mediciact, a certain Pacificia Brandano or around one the Mätressen of Charles d'Amboise, or also around Isabella, the Marquise of Mantua d'Este. Some researchers assume that it gave at all no model, but painted Leonardo an ideal woman. Some also marks,that the Mona Lisa sees creators similar to the Selbstpotrait their, he painted himself thus. Many more probably it would however be in this connection that Leonardo its nut/mother porträtiert.

A further very common theory means that it itself with the woman in the picture overthe duchess Isabella of Aragonien acts. She was the granddaughter of the king of Neapel and widow of the duke of Milan. Both (Leonardo and Isabella) lived 15 toward end. Century to yards of Milan.

At present one assumes however „the Mona Lisa “inSpring was given 1503 by Francesco del Giocondo on the occasion of the purchase of a new house and the complicationless birth of a child in order. Lisa del Giocondo was born 1479 as a daughter of Antonio Maria di Noldo Gheradini and married Francesco to 5. March 1495.

repositories

Leonardo sold the picture briefly before its death at king Franz I., which kept it in the lock Amboise. In the following time the painting finally came to Fontainebleau, Paris , Versailles and into the collection of Ludwig XIV.After the French revolutionthe picture got a new homeland in the Louvre.Napoleon carried it forward from there and hung it into its bedroom. To banishing Napoleon the Mona Lisa came back into the Louvre.

To 21. August 1911 became the picture of the Italian Anstreicher Vincenzo Perugiafrom the Louvre stolen. It wanted to bring Mona Lisa „to home “to Italy. Only two years later, to 12. December 1913, dipped the picture into Florenz .

In the 1960er and 1970er the Mona Lisa was issued still in New York, Tokyo and Moskau.Today it is behind bullet-proof glass in the Louvre in Paris.

mark technology and Rezeption

a special effect get the picture however by a trick, which Leonardo would use. It painted the picture with two different vanishing points (perspectives) - one for thatBackground and one for the figure. To the viewer not immediately is noticeable; it has only the feeling that does not tune something here.

In a revolutionary manner at that time the application of the silver view , thus not accurate equal to painted eyes, was which arrange the feeling for the viewer,the person in the picture would look at it directly (independently of it, whether one stands directly before the picture, or somewhat laterally).

The mysterious smile of the Mona Lisa irritates many humans. According to a publication of the magazine new Scientist (English) from the year 2005 is the Mona Lisa to 83 per cent lucky, to 9 per cent indignant, to 6 per cent fearfully and to 2 per cent annoys. One found that out owing to a new software named emotion recognition.

Befremdlich is for the today's viewer also that Mona Lisa does not have brows. Itcorresponded however to the ideal of beauty at that time, if women shaved themselves the brows.

With the organization of the background Leonardo used the Sfumato perfected by it - technology. By Sfumato, which means from the Italian translated „foggy “or „blurred “, the background works as behind a vapor orSmoke veil shown.

The painting is one of the icons 20. Century:
Numerous artists created, among other things Verfremdungen and revisions of the original Andy be-get („Thirty of acres Better Than One “), Marcel Duchamp („L.H.O.O.Q. “), Philippe Halsman („Dali as Mona Lisa “), remote and Léger („Gioconda with keys “), Paul Wunderlich („In tears “), Tom Wesselmann („Great American Nude No. 31 “), Joseph Beuys, Robert noise mountain and Jasper of John. Also the great-granddaughter of Henri Matisse, Sophie Matisse, was occupied with the Mona Lisa. It created a painting, which shows only the background of the there-Vinci-painting („TheMonna Lisa (bake in 5 Minutes) “).

1956 were heavily damaged the lower half of the picture by an acid assassination attempt. In the same year, to 30. December 1956 threw a man a stone on the Mona Lisa. This man had thereupon its homeland, Bolivia, leave.

literature

  • franc Zöllner: Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa: the Lisa del Giocondo, Legende and Geschichte haven-guesses/advises. Fischer, Frankfurt/Main 1994. ISBN 3-596-11344-X
  • Donald Sassoon: Mona Lisa: the history OF the world's most famous painting. Harper Collins, London 2001. ISBN 0-00-710614-9

Web on the left of

 

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