|administrative seat:||Ostrava (Ostrau)|
|population density:||228 Einwohner/km ²|
|surface:||5,534 km ²|
|- of it country:||? km ²|
|- of it water:||? km ²|
|Expansion:|| North south: to 54 km|
west east: 133 km
|highest point:||1,491 M. and. NN|
|deepest point:||? m. and. NN|
the region Mährisch Schlesien (Czech: Moravskoslezský kraj), a time long also Ostravský kraj (Ostrauer area) mentioned,lies in the northeast of the Czech republic. In the north and the east it borders on Poland and in the southeast on the Slowakei. Domestically borders exist to the circle Olomouc and Zlín. For the purpose of the development of the tourism and economic co-operation four euro regions were created: Beskydy, Praděd, Silesia and Těšínské Slezsko.
Table of contents
statistic characteristic numbers 2002
|Surfacein km ²||inhabitant 1)||average age||number of municipalities|
|of okres Bruntál||1,658||104,480||37.5||71|
|of okres Frýdek Místek||1,273||226,592||38.6||77|
|of okres Karviná||347||277,244||38.4||16|
|of okres Nový Jičín||918||159,473||37.8||57|
|of okres Opava||1,144||180,769||38.5||80|
|okres Ostrava město||214||314,102||39.0||1|
Moravskoslezský kraj are landschaftlich various region. In the north the massifs of the Hrubý Jeseník with the highest mountain Mährens Praděd (1,491 M.ü.M.) are, those slowly change into Nízký Jeseník, Hochtalbeau and finally into the Oderské vrchy. The center of the region the closely settled areas of the level form around Opava, the Ostravská pánev (Ostrauer pan) and for Moravská brána (Mähri gate). In the southeast the landscape becomes again hilly by Beskydy.The surface takes 5,535 km ², 7% of the total area Tschechiens. More than half can be used agriculturally, 35% takes forest areas. Apart from nature wealth one finds many raw materials in the circle also such as black coal, natural gas, limestone, granite, marble, slate, gypsum block, crushed stone and, sand and Ziegellehm.The most important river is the river Odra rising in Odergebirge. Where Odra and Olše flow together, is also the deepest point of the region with 195 M.ü.M. Beskydy, Jeseníky and Poodří belong apart from further 131 small areas to the nationally protected nature parks.
with 1.26 million inhabitants it is the most densely populated circle Tschechiens and is with 302 municipalities front runner likewise in Tschechien. The population density is almost twice as high as in other circles. 23% of the population live in cities with more than 5000 inhabitants, 60%and cities with more than 20000 inhabitants, uniquely in Tschechien. The largest cities are the district town Ostrava (314 thousand inhabitants), Havířov (85 thousand inhabitants), Karviná (61 thousand inhabitants), Opava (60 thousand inhabitants) and Frýdek Místek (61 thousand inhabitants). In the region it comes apart from a decline in the birthrateto an obsolescence of the population. That is likewise negative migration balance.
the circle belongs, despite substantial investments of 11 billion crowns, further to the circles with most environmental damage in Tschechien. There are large problems with the recultivation of the landscape andthe cleaning of the groundwater.
already at times of Austria Hungary in 19. Century was strongly industrialized and belonged the area to the most important industrial areas of Central Europe. The adjustment on heavy industry does not bring today however many social problems with itself, since itself this industry any longercontinues to develop. With 10.4% it contributes however still as second-strongest circle to Prague to the gross domestic product. Today here the entire pig iron need, 92% of the steel need and 98% coke of the Tschechiens, are produced. Also the promotion of the black coal takes place only here.Further important industry is the energy industry, gas production, the commercial motor vehicle industry as well as the tobacco and food economy.
defiance of the decrease of production in the heavy industry and the decrease of the coal reserves, 536,000 humans, further 13% in the trade work in the industry. The gross wage is aboutone thousand crowns lower than in the state average. At most one earns in the financial system, to few in the guest trade, the agriculture and the textile industry. The economic structure brings also substantial problems during the accomplishment to unemployment. 12.6% are scarce without occupation, the portion of the long-term unemployed people amount toscarcely half.
the circle is still without motorway. With the building the D 47 was begun, up to the completion becomes traffic further over the international roads Opava - Ostrava - Český Těšín - Mosty u Jablunkova and Nový Jičín - Frýdek Místek - Český Těšín completed. Also the seeming net is modernized; the completion is to take place 2005. In Monmšov there is an international airport with a runway of 3600 meters.
in 458 primary schools are informed 131 thousand pupils. In additioncome 36 High Schools, 85 central technical schools, 56 vocational schools, 10 professional schools and 4 universities into Ostrava and Opava with 14 faculties and 25 thousand students. On a physician 284 inhabitants come. Besides 7900 beds in 20 hospitals and 3100 beds are located in specialized institutes for the treatment of lengthyDiseases for the order. In addition 10,000 old person places come.
traditional cultural center is the district town. In the circle act 19 theatres, 63 museums, 99 galleries and 63 cinemas, to 429 libraries, 113 of stadium, 26 of winter stadium and hundreds of sports fields, sport resounding and baths. In Ostrava has theirSeat also the Janáček symphony orchestra. In the north of the circle cure stays are offered, as well as a far network of cycle tracks and in the winter any kind of winter sports. In the circle there are also many historical monuments, like the center of the cities to Příbor, Nový Jičín and Štramberk). In addition, structural monuments are to be found like the locks in Hradec nad Moravicí, Radun , Kravaříce well to Opavsku or Fulnek here. To important castles Sovinec belongs with Rýmařov, Starý Jičín and Hukvaldy in the Beskiden. Technically interested find interesting exhibitionsin the technical automobile museum in Kopřivnice, Wagonmuseum in Studénka, mining industry museum in Ostrava Petřkovice and other places.
- Frýdek Místek (Friedek Mistek)
- Karviná (Karwin)
- Opava (Troppau)
- Ostrava (Ostrau)
- Bruntál (Freudenthal)
- Nový Jičín (Neutitschein)
- Okres Bruntál (district Freudenthal)
- Okres Frýdek Místek (district Friedek Mistek)
- Okres Karviná (district Karwin)
- Okres Nový Jičín (district Neutitschein)
- Okres Opava (district Troppau)
- Okres Ostrava - město (Ostrau city)
(31. December 2005)
|Frenštát pod Radhoštěm||11,201|