Mo Scharet

Israelische Briefmarke zu Ehren Scharets
Israeli stamp in honours Scharets
Mo Scharet (hebr. משהשרת)

15. October 1894 in Cherson, Ukraine; † 7. July 1965; as Mo Schertok) an Israeli politician was born. Between two terms of office of David Ben Gurion was Scharet between 1953 and 1955 the second Prime Minister Israels, and up to its resignation 1956 the first Israeli minister of foreign affairs.

Scharet was born in the Ukraine. Its family emigrierte 1906 to Palestine. There it belonged to the joint founders of the city Tel Aviv. Mo Scharet was in the first conclusion class of the first Hebrew High School of the country (the Herzliya High School). He spoke flowing Arab and Turkish, studied jurisprudence in Konstantinopel and served during the 1. World war also as staff interpreters in osmanischen armed forces at the Palestine front, which partly stood under German command. It was decorated for its employment with the iron cross and the osmanischen earnings/service medal. After the war it took up a Wirtschaftstudium to London School OF Economics and Political Science .

After it had returned 1925 from England, Scharet arrived to a sheet of the creating trade union Histadrut at an employment as deputy publishers of the Davar . In the year 1931 he became a secretary of the political department of the Jewish Agency (a kind predecessor government) and finally 1933 their boss. It held thereby the secondarymost important position behind David Ben Gurion . Between 1933 and 1948 he led the negotiations between the Zionisten and the British Mandatsverwaltung, und fungierte gewissermaßen als der Botschafter des noch nicht gegründeten Staates Israel. Er war mitverantwortlich für Strategien wie der Einrichtung einer jüdischen Brigade in der britischen Armee ( --> Palmach) and he supported the illegal immigration defies the restrictions of the White Paper of 1939. Together with other prominent personalities of the Jewish Agency and the Jischuw Scharet was arrested 1947 in the meantime by the British.

After the establishment of state it changed its names of Schertok in Scharet and the first minister of foreign affairs of the again-created state was appointed. Most important success in this function was 1949 the truce with Egypt, Jordanian one, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon, that the 1. Israeli-Arab war terminated.

After the resignation from David Ben Gurion took over Scharet to 7. December 1953 the office of the Prime Minister. It drove a very much moderated course and used themselves for diplomatic negotiations with the neighbour states. Dabei geriet er in einen Konflikt mit Ben Gurion, der zwar Bündnisse mit Staaten außerhalb des arabischen Raums anstrebte (Türkei, Iran), aber Verhandlungen und Kompromisse mit arabischen Nachbarstaaten einschließlich des damals unter Präsident Camille Chamoun und dem Philosophen Charles Malik als Außenminister eng mit den USA verbündeten Libanon (dessen Zerschlagung Ben Gurion durch Unterstützung maronitischer Separatisten herbeiführen wollte, um einen christlichen Verbündeten im Norden zu erhalten) strikt ablehnte, und stattdessen auf eine Linie der Durchsetzung israelischer Interessen mit militärischer Gewalt bei strikter Ablehnung diplomatischer Kompromisse setzte. Golda Meïr, Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres pursued since then consistently this strategy Ben Gurions, not only opposite Muslim neighbour states, but also opposite the Lebanon, which became thereby in the meantime the main safety risk for Israel. Owing to this strategy, which was favoured by the increasing role of the Near East as Nebenkriegsschauplatz of the cold war between the superpowers, Israel is mutated today from the once socialist state to the mainallied of the USA and for the strongest military power of the Near East, but is particularly guessed/advised regarding cultural and interhuman relations with neighbour states, in which there was once a various and rich Jewish life, completely in isolation. The alternative strategy of Sharett, which came as 12-Jähriger to Palestine and still in the Osmani realm in a multi-cultural environment buildup is, in oblivion guessed/advised. After scarcely two years in the office it became to 2. November 1955 again replaced from Ben Gurion. Over the arguments between Scharet and Ben Gurion one experiences details in in the meantime also the diary recordings of Moshe Sharett, published on German (see below), which its son Ya'acov published some years ago in Israel.

Scharet still served until 1956 as a minister of foreign affairs and took over thereafter the presidency of the Jewish Agency, which he held until 1960.

literature

  • Amar Dahl, Tamar, 2003: Diplomacy instead of force - the diaries Moshe Sharetts: ISBN 3899750306
  • Rokach, Livia, 1980: Israel's Sacred Terrorism : A Study Based on Moshe Sharett's personnel Diary and OTHER document. Belmont, ISBN 0-937694-70-3.
  • Sharett, Ya'acov, 1983, L'État juif et l'integrité you Liban, Le Monde Diplomatique, Décembre 1983, reprinted in: Ramonet et.al., Proche Orient - Une Guerre de Cent to, Le Monde Diplomatique, Manière de voir 11, Mars 1991, pp. 40-43, ISSN 0987-8610.

Web on the left of

Wikiquote: Mo Scharet - quotations


 

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