Mufflon

Mufflon
Mufflon from Brehms animal life
systematics
Subordination: Wiederkäuer (Ruminantia)
family: Horn carrier (Bovidae)
Unterfamilie: Goat-well-behaved (Caprinae)
kind: Sheep (Ovis)
kind: Game sheep (Ovis orientalis)
subspecies: Mufflon
scientific name
Ovis orientalis musimon
Pallas, 1762

the Mufflon (Ovis orientalis musimon) is the western and smallest subspecies of the game sheep (Ovis orientalis). Common if it was original only on Korsika and Sardinien, in the meantime however into numerous areas of Europe one inserted.

Table of contents

appearance

Mufflon
Mufflon

the Mufflon a smooth hair dress, the Widder has is in the summer fox-red-brown, usually with whitish saddle mark, the sheep is brownish. In the winter both sexes are darker. The Widder has schneckenförmig pivoted horns up to 80cm length, female have no horns , on Korsika against it smaller , on Sardinien easily to the rear curved horns.


habitat

original lived Mufflons in open mountain landscapes on stony, dry soils. In Central Europe in-patriated, they live in leaves and mixed woodland areas both in the flat country andalso in the low mountain ranges, whereby dry and stony soils are preferred. With unfavorable damp soil conditions it can come easily to bowl illnesses (decay-limp), which can lead also to death.

usually

small herds with an older sheep than form behavior of MufflonsGuidance animal. Supports form often own federations outside of the Brunftzeit. In the Brunftzeit fight the supports for the sheep, particularly with mutual ramming impacts of the pivoted horns, in order to push the competitor aside. Mufflons are Herbivoren and have a broad food spectrum. They entrinden also Waldbäume and prevent to a large extentarising tree vegetation. The Brunft is in October/November, the carrying time amounts to about five months, the setting time is in March/April. To two lambs, the sucking time amount to about six months are born.

history

it is unclear whether the Mufflon by cuttingthe habitats and strong Bejagung before 3000 to 4000 years in Europe was exterminated and on Korsika and Sardinien to only survive could or whether it was only introduced to earlyhistorical time into the Mediterranean area. According to opinion of some zoologists it is not a genuine game sheep, but inDescendant of a very original house sheep race. There are actually strong signs for the fact that Mufflons before approximately 7000 years after Korsika and Sardinien were only brought, since from earlier times no traces of them are discoverable.

In the last 200 years are Mufflons in Europe at differentPlaces suspended. Around 1900 they from Sardinien and Korsika were introduced as park and game into Germany.

today's spreading

in Korsika and Sardinien is strongly threatened the Mufflon by hunt and Wilderei. The frightening balance on the Mediterranean islands stands in the contrastto the existence in the rest of today's circulation area. The main occurrences of Europe are today in Germany, France, Austria as well as in the Slowakei and in Hungary. The Auswilderung of Mufflons in Continental Europe protected it becoming extinct.

The inventory numbers are on Sardinien about 2.000,on Korsika with 800 and in the imported populations of Central Europe with 60.000.

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