Multi-plan camera

multi-plan camera.

The multi-plan camera or multiple level camera is one first 1933 of practice Iwerks developed trick movie camera. For a Zeichentrickfilm the necessary background on glass plates were drawn and then to the depth graduated taken up. Thus a realistic 3D-Effekt developed with camera movements to the sides, since by the parallax the image planes shift against each other during the movement.

This effect alone would be realizable however also with several foils put directly one on the other, which (with firmly installed camera) are shifted accordingly between the exposure of the frames. The distances for the disalignment are largest thereby for the foreground and are reduced with more increasingly (more apparently) distance up to a usually motionless background.

Because of the high expenditure with both procedures one is limited mostly to or two action-leading image planes, since additionally for the simulation of the spatialness naturally still the individual movement phases of the participants must be exchanged. With is supplemented usually by one front and background level each, which usually are not animated, but only by their shift the impression of spatialness strengthens.

With the multi-plan camera it is besides possible to fokusieren with small sharpness depth individual image planes in order the three-dimensional effect still for more to stress. Thus also sharpness zoom shots so mentioned are realizable, D. h. the image definition “moves” in a soft transition for example from the foreground to a more deeply lying image plane.

Disney Studios used 1937 a developed multi-plan camera in the Kurzfilm The old Mill (1937) and to large extent in Bambi of 1942.

 

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