|this article is concerned with the river Murgab in Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. For further meanings, see Murgab.|
It rises in the northwest Afghanistan in the Paropamisus chain. For the time being as natural dividing line flowing from Turkestan mountains in the north and the Safid cow mountains in the south in a valley toward the west and then after northwest bending he reaches the city Bala Murgab. From there it forms the natural border on approximately 16 km length to Turkmenistan, according to which it achieves finally the state specified last. There its water occurs gradually the desert Karakum . Therein it continues to run as Fremdlingsfluss toward northwest, whereby from southwest the water of its largest supply leads into - the Kuschka. Both rivers become with Dashköpri and/or. Yolöten by a shut-off building to artificial lake accumulated. From now on running waters is accompanied from railroad tracks to Mary. If it leads sufficient water, seeped its water in the context of a being end LTA, which begins to split up itself with Iolotan, only north the Karakum channel in the Karakum desert.
Between the close together lying cities Murgab and Mary the Murgab is crossed by the Karakum channel and the Transkaspi railway. Nearby the two cities the antique ruins of the oasis city Merv stand.