MUSE (mythology)

MUSE (Greek Μοῦσα) is in the Greek mythology a protection goddess of the arts. The Musen is all together daughters of the Zeus and the Mnemosyne.

MUSE with Kithara on the mountain Helikon


Homer and/or. the Epen Ilias and odyssey delivered under its name calls in its Proömien only in each case (nameless) a “goddess” and/or. “MUSE” on. Then a threeness of Musen arises:

Hesiod specifies into its Theogonie (76-80, 917 u.ö.) the number of the Musen on nine, also the names specified by it becomes canonical:


during the names thatMusen with Hesiod only aspects of the dance and Dichtkunst stress, them in the later antique one to different music instruments and kinds are referred, from which the indicated canonical allocation of “fields of application” the Musen comes out.

The Musen ranking among the attendants Apollons are at the mountain Helikon with the source Hippokrene to find its, which was opened by a hoof impact of the winged Musenrosses (Pegasus). Therefore partially for it used verkünstelte name agitates Helikoniades. According to other data the Musen lives upthe mountain Parnass (the Apollon is geweiht), with the Kastali source, whose water is to lend enthusiasm and poet gift. The Heiligtümer of the Musen is called Museion (from which the today's word museum developed).

A noticing saying for the names: “KlioMeTerThal - EuErUrPoKal”

work on []

Web on the left of

Commons: Musen - pictures, videos and/or audio files

  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)