to the Mysterienkulten belong among other things in Greece the Eleusini Mysterien, the Dionysoskult, the Orphik, in Rome the Mithras cult or in Egypt of the Isiskult. These religious currents of the Greek-Roman antique ones originate originally from the Orient and stand for the homerischen religion alsotheir stress of the these lateralness, the light, opposite. They stress the the other world, know terms such as sin, penalty, cleaning and have the character of secret teachings. Some influence is to be recognized by them , so with the Pythagoräern, with Platon in philosophy and in the Neuplatonismus.

In the context of the Mysterien cult actions were carried out. These cult actions had usually the purpose to promote the Frömmigkeit of the inaugurating and to determine the relationship between dear divinity and Gläubigem again. It was forbidden to the inaugurating during menace of the death penalty, over carried outTo speak cult actions. Therefore there are to the Mysterien no sources separates only assumptions.

Large parts of the Greek and the Roman population were trailers of Mysterienkulten later. The original pole ice religion (i.e. the fictitious descent of antique Gods) was not sufficient. Into the Mysterienkultenthe admired divinities were not göttlich from birth; they had experienced like humans pain and death and this had then overcome. Thus they were closer to humans as the Gods of the old pole ice religion.


  • Marion Giebel: The secret of the Mysterien,Duesseldorf 2003, ISBN 3491691060
  • Mircea Eliade: History of the religious ideas, Freiburg 1978

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