Nairobi is the capital of Kenya with 2.750.561 inhabitants (conditions 1. January 2005), which live on a surface of approximately 150 square kilometers. The name of the city comes from the Maasai expression of “close acres Nyarobie”, which means about coolly river. Tomost frequent spoken languages are Kiswahili and English. In the Slums the youth language Sheng spreads.
Nairobi is also the capital one of the eight provinces of the country. The city has one of the world-wide highest criminality rates.
table of contents
of Nairobi is in the south of Kenya because of the river Athi. On on the average 1624 m over NN established it ranks among the high-altitude capitals of Africa. Nairobi liesscarcely south the equator on the geographical coordinates degree of latitude 1º 19 ' south and degree of longitude 55 ' east.
the city lies in the subtropical climate zone and a climate pleasant for Europeans expressed. The average yearly temperature amounts to 19Degree of Celsius, the yearly amount of precipitation of 889 millimeters on the average.
The warmest month is March with on the average 20.5 degrees Celsius, coldest July with 16,8 degrees Celsius on the average. Most precipitation falls in the month April with on the average 199 millimeters,few in July with 14 the millimeters on the average.
Nairobi was created toward end of the 1890er years as British camp for Eisenbahnarbeiter at the railway line Mombasa - Uganda. Between 1899 and 1905 it served as BritishProvince capital. In the year 1905 Nairobi became capital of the British protectorate East Africa (1920 to 1963 called colony Kenya) and 1963 of the independent State of Kenya.
Already early a Zuwanderungsstrom developed into the city Nairobi. The Migranten often settled itselfat the edge of the city on and often slumähnliche conditions formed, as for example in the settlement Mathare Valley, which is appropriate for 180,000 humans in the northeast of Nairobi and about accommodated, or which Slums of Kariobangi and Kibera,by that the railway line runs.
the following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions.
beginning that 1990er years grew the opposition of the population opposite the Kenyan president Daniel arap Moi, which entailed several unrests. Also the students of the universities demonstrate again and again in the city.
the environmental program thatUnited Nations (English:United nation Environment of programs, UNEP), the UN human Settelment of programs, UN HABITAT and further international organizations have their seats in Nairobi. The UNEP has even its world-wide headquarters in Nairobi. Leader is Klaus Töpfer.
culture and objects of interest
interesting are the national museum with a comprehensive collection to African early history, the railway museum, parliament building, the city hall, the court as well as the national theatre and the national library.
Nairobi national park
of the Nairobi national park was opened 1946 and has a surface of about 120 square kilometers. In it approximately 80 mammals and 500 kinds of bird were proven. It belonged in addition the city of Nairobi on and is eightKilometer of the center of the city removes.
The park is enclosed at three sides and consists of a mainly open level, which pulled through seasonally from rivers are.
economics and infrastructure
Nairobi is the economical and the kommunikative centerthe country Kenya, whereby it is noticeable by its high growth rate in the African total comparison.
Important ones industrielle of products in Nairobi are textiles, clothes, means of transport, building materials and food. Also the tourism increased lately, whereby this a high economicalMeaning for Nairobi is attached.
of Kenya railway uses throughout meter-purely from 1000 mm with different rail weights depending upon distance. For the passenger traffic decreased/gone back strongly in the meaning (in 3 classes) it uses different distances, those(with exception of the brench lines Voi Taveta and Kisumu Butere) all together proceed from Nairobi:
- Nairobi - Mombasa
- Nairobi - Kisumu
- Nairobi - Nanyuki
- Nairobi - Kampala (Uganda) - only goods traffic.
Diesel locomotives are generally used; a reconditioned steam course drives each secondSaturday in month as routistic Tagesexkursion from Nairobi to Naivasha (return trip mostly with the same tension).
The famous railway was sold to at the end of of 2005 to a South African group of investors, which was to operate and to new lives arouse the course heruntergekommene strongly starting from 2007. Throughin December because of pending pension payments for railway employees the passage of title is however provisionally postponed 2005 issued provisional orders of Kenyan and ugandischer courts.
education and research
In Nairobi there is the University OF Nairobi (UoN), the Jomo Kenyatta University OF Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT) (it opens 1956), a polytechnic institute (1961 open), and several research institutes, whereby it is called also the “education formation” of the country. ThoseUoN is classified south of the German academic exchange service (DAAD) as one of the best universities of Africa the seeing era (except South Africa). Would separate international research establishments are here, so the renowned internationally Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology - the ICIPE
sons and daughters of the city
- smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Dawkins, English zoologist, Ethologe and evolution biologist
- Richard Leakey, Paläoanthropologe
- Catherine Ndereba, Kenyan marathoner and Olympionikin
- Kiran Shah, Kenyan Filmschauspieler and Stuntman
- Roger Whittaker, British singer andSinger-songwriters
|Commons: Nairobi - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
Web on the left of
- homepage of the city
- a city map
- http://www.icipe.org/icipe/index.shtml - ICIPE
- Christ, Dreadlocks and Mau Mau - JEAN CHRISTOPHE SERVANT to situation of the young people in Kenya and Nairobi
Coordinates: 1º 17 ' 0 " S. Break, 36º 49 ' 0 " o. L.