Name day

the name day of a person is the anniversary (usually the day of death)/ the holy ones, whose/their name carries this person. It was and is further in some areas (particularly catholic) often more important than the own birthday.

In the course of the Christianisierung of the peoples outside of the oldRoman realm became the so-called “Christian names” (English.Christian names) to the differentiating characteristic and marked the special connection with the Apostel or/the Märtyrer/in, whose/their name received/the newbaptized. The anniversary of the holy one in the calendar of the church received a special meaning (that for the name carrierown date of birth was often not at all well-known against it).

In the Middle Ages with the baptism (predominantly on the day after the birth) gladly the name of the “holy one of the daily” was given to the Täufling. The baptizing date, at the same time name day, was registered thereafter in the church book (thus not actual date of birth). -This was for example with Martin Luther of the 11. November (March in day) 1483.

The meaning of the name day increased in the catholic church under gegenreformatorischem accent. In order to stand out against Protestanten, itself the catholic Gläubigen should regularly and festively an intimate connection with the respective holy Name patron make sure. The council of Trient (1545 to 1563) specified rituals in the Romanum : 'The minister may ensure that none are given to the children to to-ton-triumph or ridiculous names or such, those were taken from the legends or such by Götzen or heaths.Instead are so far at all possible, to prefer the names of holy ones. '

The personal birthday became in many catholic regions in favor of the celebration of the so-called. This natalis (“birthday to the sky” = day of death) the name patron displaces. The recommendation to give to Täuflingen the name of a holy one is 1566 in the Catechismus Romanus as well as likewise 1614 in rituals the Romanum of the Roman-catholic church.

The Seelsorger promoted therefore (with conditioned, i.e. only regional success) the preference of the celebration of the name day in relation to the celebration of the birthday. The Jesuiten (SJ) embodied then later newer (i.e. recent) holy names in consciousnessthe population.

Since the number of the holy ones is larger than the number of days of a yearly, on the one hand numerous overlaps are inevitable; on the other hand there are several holy name carriers, which to the selection for many names.

The alphabetically arranged list of the name days refers primarilyon the customs of the catholic church in the German linguistic area; particularly in the orthodox church there are strong deviations.

See also: List of holy one, holy calendar, list of common first names

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