base data
region: Pays de la Loire (boss lieu)
Département: Loire Atlantique (44)
surface: 65,19 km ² (city)
522,3 km ² (densely populated area)
(Census 1999)
277,728 (city)
554,478 (densely populated area)
population density:
(Einwohner/km ²; 1999)
4.147 (City)
1,062 (densely populated area)
height: 12 m and. NN
postal zip codes: 44000, 44100, 44200 and 44300
preselection: 00332
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 47° 13 ' 05 " N; 01° 33 ' 10 " W
47° 13 ' 05 " N; 01° 33 ' 10 " W
Kfz characteristics: 44
mayor: Jean-Marc Ayrault (HP; Socialist)

table of contents


Nantes [nɑ̃t] (bretonisch Naoned) a large city is in the west of France, prefecture in the Département Loire Atlantique and part of the region Pays de la Loire. Nantes is the former capital of Brittany. With 277.728 inhabitants Nantes in the number of the largest cities of France at place 6 (conditions 1999) ranks. The number of inhabitants of the dye amounts to approximately 550.000. With Nantes the Erdre flows into the Loire. The city is about 55 kilometers east the Atlantiksand is mostly because of the north bank of the Loire. The climatic conditions of Nantes are determined by the proximity to the Atlantic. The winters are mildly and damp, the summers warm and not to drying. The annual average temperature is with 12°C (winters: 5°C/summer: 18,5°C).


cathedral of Nantes

antiquity and people migration

between 900 and 600 v. Chr. already settlement remainders on the bank of the Loire are proven. Against 500 v. Chr. Celts settled in the region around the today's Nantes. In the Galli war that becameArea 56 v. Chr. the Roman rule under Gaius Julius Cäsar subjected. In the year 50 v. Chr. on the area of the today's city Nantes the Roman port “Portus Namnetus” is created. In the third century the inhabitants cross to the Christianity . About at the same time fall starting from 285the Saxonia into the region.

In 5. and 6. Century come allegedly Bretonen of the British islands, the written and archaeological vouchers for such settlements are however conceivablly small.
first plundering is delivered 843 by the Normannen.

the Middle Ages up toModern times

1066 are subjected the count von Nantes to the duchy of Brittany. In the year 1154 Nantes at Heinrich becomes II. handed over, which mounts in the same year English throne.
1460 are created in Nantes the university. After the death of the Anne de Brittany (1477-1514)Brittany is attached to the French master country.

With the edict of Nantes (“tolerance edict “), of Heinrich IV. to 13. April 1598 discharged, was terminated the suppression and pursuit for many decades of the Huguenots by the catholic church and the French state. This had its high point1572 in the so-called Bartholomäusnacht. The edict of Nantes, that the French Calvinisten free worship, became however in the year 1685 of Ludwig XIV. recalled (edict of Fontainebleau).

Due to its favorable situation at the Loire delta, the city experienced in 18. Century oneeconomic upswing and became the most important port of France. This owed it above all the flourishing slave trade.

During the French revolution in Nantes allegedly 16000 citizens were executed.

1826 are inaugurated in Nantes the first public bus line of the world.

Nantes in secondWorld war

1940 took place in the course of the German France campaign the occupation of the city via German troops. 1941 were killed the German commander of city Hotz of the Résistance. As reprisal 48 hostages were executed. To June 1941 Nantes was capital of Brittany, then the city became throughthe Vichy government separated from the region. Between 16. and 23. September 1943 was strongly met Nantes by allied air raids. Due to the landing of the allied ones in normandy the city became to 12. August 1944 clearing by the German occupation troops.


1962 becamethe university of Nantes again opens. At present there are efforts to form and unite the region again, around which cultural thing in common places more strongly in the light. The last unofficial popular vote in the year 2003 knows clearly and completely clearly in this direction.

inhabitant development

Year inhabitant
1750 57,000
1954 222,800
1962 246,200
1968 259,200
1975 263,700
4.3.1982 247,227
5.3.1990 244,995
8.3.1999 277,728


Nantes sea port is and was once the most important place of transshipment for the slave trade in France. Important branches of industry are the iron, Glass, textile and sugar industry. In addition Nantes possesses an international airport, the Aéroport Nantes Atlantique, which lies in the southwest of the city.

sons and daughters of the city

mayor of Nantes is Jean-Marc Ayrault, which is a delegate at the same time in the national assembly.

partnerships between cities

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