Natural person

a natural person is humans in his role as right subject, D. h. as carriers of rights and obligations. One calls right subjects, which are not humans, legal entities. In earlier legal orders such as z. B. the classicalRoman right it gave also to humans, who were not right subjects and concomitantly no persons in our sense, so for instance slaves and such relative, who were subjected to the rule force of the family head (more pater familias). Legally these humans had essentially thatStatus of things.

legal regulation in Germany

with the completion of its birth becomes humans legally responsible and thus a natural person (§ 1 BGB). Under certain circumstances the legal capacity becomes also fictitious. So can alreadyunborn humans (nasciturus) inheriting become (§ 1923 exp. 2 BGB). The question, whether to the Nasciturus already before the birth and possibly starting from the beginning rights to the pregnancy can be given, is strongly disputed in particular a right to lives. Thisparticularly a role plays regarding the abortion and the main cell research as well as used research ranges.

Humans lose his legal capacity with death. According to a Lehrmeinung however also dead ones are to remain under certain conditions legally responsible. This is discussedparticularly in connection with that so-called. postmortalen personality right. When death occurs in the legal sense is answered without uniformity. Some endorse brain death, other one heart death than decisive criterion.

see also

requestconsider also the reference to right topics!

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