National party (South Africa)

national the party (Africa to: Nasionale party) was the governing party of South Africa from 1948 to 1994. Sometimes their members were called also nationalist or Nats. The party was dissolved in the year 2005. Their principles contained among other things Apartheid, the Erschaffung of a republic and the promotion of the culture of the Afrikaaner.

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establishment and ideology

history that national party is very moved. National the party based in Bloemfontein in the year 1914 by Afrikaaner nationalist those soon thereafter the South African union based. They came as the first to power in the year 1924, with J.B.M. Heart-pulled as a prime minister. The heart hesitating craving undermined the right to vote of colored ones. This took place by means of it that 1930 white women received the right to vote, however not colored women. Thereby effectively the being correct number of the colored constituency was halved. In the year 1934, heart-pulled to the combination that tuned national party with their Rivalin of the South African party of January Smuts too. The United party was formed. A parliamentary group of conservative African nationalists, aforementioned of D.F. Malan, refused accepting the union and recorded to one national party as splinter party. National the party used the refusal in the population against the participation in the Second World War, in order to stir up anti-British of resentment. This led party, which defeated the United party of January Smuts in the elections of 1948 to a revival that national.

With the choice victory those began national party with the structure of the apartheid state - hereby political separation barriers were developed between that, in different degrees colored, subpopulations.

In the year 1951, by the Bantu Self Government act the Homelands one created. These became colloquially also as Bantustans, for which, designates ten different black trunks. The goal that national party was to be settled it all black citizens in one this Homelands. These could work then further in the Republic of South Africa as immigrant workers. The Homelands was regarded of the government of South Africa as again-created independent nations. All black South Africans received the nationality of their Homelands, not however those to the Republic of South Africa. In response three seats in the parliament of the Republic of South Africa were painted, which were intended for the white representatives of the black South Africans: Cape province, Transvaal and the Oranje Free State. The province Natal had planned never black representatives.

Colored ones (South Africans with mixed white and colored origin) were removed from the Wählerliste in the cape province in the year 1953. Instead of being correct only for the same representatives of the white South Africans, they could be correct now for four white representatives. Later in the year 1968, the colored ones completely the being correct rights were extracted. In place of the four representative seats a partly selected society was set, which should advise the government in a law novella to separate Representation OF Voters act.

In an act not taken by the remainder of the world to the knowledge South Africa incorporated the earlier German colony German southwest Africa (today than Namibia well-known) than fifth province, which South Africa in the First World War occupied. This new province was represented with seven seats in the parliament. The white population of German southwest Africa, who consisted predominantly of Germans, recognized the common interests with the Afrikaanern and supported those national party in the following elections.

These reforms strengthened those national party politically, failed to their political opponents in the numbers of the black ones and colored ones the entrance to the elections and integrated white South Africa. National the party increased its majority in the parliament in almost any choice between 1948 and 1977.

A number of laws were discharged, in order to make the apartheid possible:

  • The Prohibition OF Mixed Marriages act (the law over the prohibition of mixed marriages) and the Immorality act of 1927 (law against immoral actions) marriage and sexual relations asked between white ones and non-white. Existing mixed marriages were dissolved.
  • For the population Registration act (law to the inhabitant reporting department) prescribed, all South African in one of the four groups (white ones, black one, colored one or Asian) to divide are. It was not permitted to indicate this rassischen status only provable, absolute European origin could without a special arrangement of the government as white be recognized. The law also prescribed that into the race regulation also the education, language, habits, occurrence and attitude should flow.
  • The Group AREAs act (the law over the hiring of areas at groups of societies) and the Influx control act (the law over control of the influx) forbade to live it non--white in certain areas

or possess country there.

  • The Suppression OF Communism act (law to the prohibition of communism) made most black political large organizations illegaly, among them also the ANC, the PAC and the AZAPO. This was possible, since this law equated everyone, which publicised the equality of the races, a communist.
  • To the Prohibition OF Political interferences act (the law over the prohibition of political interference) forbade more-race-triumphs political parties with the goal of terminating also indirect non-white influencing control on white politicians. Parties, which had accepted non-white members had these either to dismiss or dissolve. The progressive party (arose late than the Democratic to party, and today as Democratic Alliance firmiert) agreed zögerlich and dismissed its non-white members. The South African liberally party, aforementioned by Alan Paton, refused and was forbidden.

A further goal was achieved in 1960 than the white population in a popular vote solved the connections of South Africa to the British monarchy and created a republic. This led to of South Africa retreat from the Commonwealth. In the year 1977 those reached national party their best election result of all times, with 64.8% of the white voices and 134 of 165 seats in the parliament.

to date

into the early 1980er 80's, under the guidance of president P.W. Botha, began to reform those national party their principles. Botha released the mixed marriages again, permitted again mix-race-triumphs political parties and defused the Group AREAs act. Botha made possible the political representation of the colored and Indian, by forming separate houses of parliament, in which these groups their interests to represent could. Black ones were left however further outside forwards and over things, which concerned South Africa, remained the power of decision with the white chamber of the parliament. The members of the white chamber had an automatic being correct majority with the choice of the president.

In this time the foreign country began to exert pressure on the Republic of South Africa. Certain groups of interests was the last apartheid state on ground connection, that besides over decades prospered and economically a thorn in the eye expanded. In the midst of the political instability rising thereby and the increasing economic problems with the diplomatic isolation Botha withdrew as a chairman that national party and handed the Regierungsgeschäfte over 1989 to the following president of the Republic of South Africa. It became by F.W. de Klerk replaced. Although he came from the conservative wing, De Klerk was with the immense pressure for the country forced hope to give up the apartheid to maintain. Soon after its assumption of office it decided to have to make the negotiations later per-actively to take up around concessions unnecessary to avoidance with still worse starting point. It convinced to step those national party into negotiations with the representatives of the black ones. Later in the year 1989, those won national party the most intensive election campaign for decades and promised an end of the apartheid to negotiate. In the early 90's the African national Congress certified and was issued to the black leader Nelson Mandela after 27 years the further detention. A popular vote in the year 1992 gave to negotiate De Klerk unlimited power with Mandela. In consequence of the negotiations a new condition was sketched and mix-race-triumphs elections 1994 was held. These elections were won by the African national Congress. The party remained national becoming in the government however as coalition partners of the ANC until 1997, when it withdrew itself, in order the official opposition.

In the year 1997, national the party in new national party designated itself over. It existed Federal Council” in this shape for less than one decade, to it to “in a tuning the party to 9. April 2005 dissolved, in order to carry out for a resolution from the year 2004 consequence and the ANC follow.


see also


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