National congress of people
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the national congress of people (German abbreviation: NVK; Chinese: (全国人民代表大会 in pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì Quanguo renmin daibiao dahui; Short form: 人大 Renda) is the parliament of the People's Republic of China. It is nominal the highest Chinese legislation and representative government organ. It thus formally embodies the Staatsmacht. Since the most important decisions are made however in informal rounds, the parliaments of the different levels do not possess a central meaning for decision making and are only instruments in the power apparatus of the KPCh.
Usually the national congress of people consists of approximately 3,000 members and is thereby the largest parliament of the world. The members are selected every five years. Usually only once a plenary meeting takes place in the year. The constant committee of the national congress of people meets six times in the year. It consists of a chairman, a deputy and approx. 130 full time delegates. One of its most important tasks is its exclusive right to nominate for government offices.
Table of contents
the national congress of people selects on suggestion of the national Parteikkongresses of the communist party of China
- the president of the People's Republic of China 国家主席 (guojia zhuxi)
- the center military commission 军事委员会 (June ski weiyuanhui)
- the highest people's court 最高人民法院 (zuigao renmin fayuan)
- the highest public prosecutor's office 最高检察院 (zuigao jianchayuan) and
- the Council of State of the People's Republic of China, the centre government of the People's Republic of China 国务院 (guowuyuan).
the long meeting tracing it points out that other places make the substantial decisions. Those scarcely three thousands delegated frequently as an army of the hand jacks are dismissed. Tuning revolts lead before eyes that the national congress of people in the future is to be expected. In the NVK many top officials from the regions are represented, which use the annual conventions, in order to recruit for their interests. In informal discussions with members of the centre government at the edge of the conference they operate an intensive Lobbying for their special interests. Representatives of the inland regions supported a support of infrastructural large-scale projects by the centre government.
The people release army represented in the NVK with more than 200 delegated ones worries itself around growth rates of the defense budget.
To spectacular tuning revolts it came only rarely in the NVK. But 1992 refused approximately a third of the delegated ones to the large-scale project of the three-ravine dam the agreement. For surprises in personnel elections, which are usually limited to confirmation from the KPCh designated candidate, however some congresses of province people provided. Since agreement rates of over 90% are natural, more are regarded as 10% dissenting votes and abstentions than clear displeasure demonstration. During the extension of his term of office Prime Minister Li Peng 12% dissenting votes and abstentions, which is to be rated as indications of the protest, had 1993.
the national congress of people consists of 34 delegations: 23 provinces (inclusive Taiwan), 5 autonomous areas, 4 government-direct cities as well as 2 special administrative regions (Hong Kong, Macau). The people release army is likewise present by a delegation.
an inquiry on behalf the constant committee of the national congress of people over the estimate of the political role of the congresses of people among approximately 12,500 Chinese in ten large cities resulted in that the meaning of the NVK is regarded as very small. Although under the asked ones a large number of party members and officials of state was, the authority of the congresses of people was very sceptically judged. It confessed 48 per cent of the asked ones that she does not interest the opening of the annual convention of the national congress of people. Even under the asked members of the party it represented nearly 50 per cent the view that the summoning of the NVK was a pure Formalie and was not capable the representative government to solve concrete problems because all important questions were already decided by the party committees and the delegated ones were only chessmen of the communist party.
Web on the left of
- “the system of the congresses of people” official presentation of the NVK