the desert Negev, also Negeb, (Hebrew נגב “the dry one”) takes approximately 60 per cent of the State of Israel with approximately 12,000 km ². Live however only scarcely ten per cent of the population in this area. The Negev becomes in the west of thatEgyptian-Israeli border and the Gaza Strip, in the east of the Arava - lower and in the north of the line Gaza - EN Gedi at the dead sea limits.

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the largest citythe triangle is Beerscheba, the capital of the district Negev (about 190,000 inhabitants). For instance in the center of the Negev Mitzpe Ramon is because of the edge of the Kraters Maktesch Ramon. The southern point ends to Akaba in the cities Elat, on Israeli, and, upJordanian side. Southeast from Beerscheba the city Dimona with the Israeli test reactor lies.

Further cities of the Negev are: Kirjat Gat, Sderot, Netivot, Ofakim, Arad, Jerocham, Rahat, Omer, Lehawim, Meitar, Tel Scheba, Ar'ara Banegev, Kseife, Segev Schalom, Hura and Laqiye.

into the north and the west

the Negev is trained geographical organization and characteristics as dusty and partly solve-solved level, in the south shows it however substantially more variedly and is of mountains, valleys and Erosionskratern pulled through; the largest and most well-known is the Krater Machtesch Ramon. If it in the winter and spring come to rainfalls, the drained Wadis transforms into fall brooks, and the desert erblüht for short time. Highest mountain is the Har Ramon with 1035 m and. NN. The national park Timna, the area of the antique (3000 v. is appropriate for about 25 km north of Elat. Chr.), still to in 20. Jh. exploited Kupferminen.

The Negevwüste is a part of the desert belt, that itself from Atlantic ocean until the Indiaextended and climatologically regarded because of the existence of the Hadley cell develops for that.

The judäische desert is falsely often regarded as part of the Negevs. That is not like that: the judäische desert is a rain shade desert, the Negevwüste a drying desert. The immaginäre border of the two deserts runsapproximately in east-west direction north of Arad (it different interpretations exist).

The northern demarcation to the Schefelaebene is flowing. Depending upon definition the Negev begins with Kirjat Malachi or only with Kirjat Gat. This, because the watered agriculture the Negevwüste around dozens of kilometers afterThe south displaced.

In the northern Negev the annual amount of precipitation amounts to still 350-400 mm. This amount of precipitation makes the existence possible extensive coniferous forests, how the Lahawwald or the Jatirwald, planted of, which rank among the largest in Israel.

The amount of precipitation with Beerscheba amounts to already 200 mm annually.Between Beerscheba and Sede Boker is the landscape of one drying-quilt coined/shaped, south of it begins an extreme desert. Eilat receives annually approx. 30 mm of rain, with strong annual fluctuations. Like that precipitationless years are not rarity.

Precipitation in the Negev has two developing possibilities: Either becomes the rain ofthe southern Ausläufern of a weather front pulling over the Mediterranean generate (only during the winter months), or from a low pressure wedge of the Red Sea, which can cause partially violent thunderstorms also in the transition seasons (rarely). In Eilat the second rain variant is the usual one, during in Beerschebafirst of importance is.


since the establishment of the State of Israel on the implementation of the dream is already worked to transform the desert into fruitful country. The most well-known representative of this idea was David Ben Gurion (first Prime Minister Israels), even inthe Kibbuz Sede Boker pulled, in order to participate on the settlement of the desert.

Innovative agricultural methods are developed, tested and used in the Negev. National Israeli Solarforschungsinstitut and the Israeli desert research center of the Ben Gurion university of the Negev in Sede Boker belong to leading the world-wide in their range.

A rising industry of the Negev is surprisingly the pisciculture. Thus fossil brackish water is pumped to artificial ponds. The yields are extremely productive because of the wildful climate and the industry as very profitable proved. The easily salzhaltige fossil brackish water has itself also for thoseIrrigation of particularly for these conditions bred fruits and vegetable places proved. Many in Europe well-known Israeli products of agriculture originate just from the desert, also, because the all year round mild climate makes an export projection/lead possible.

The Negev accommodates some important stocks of raw materials. Large phosphate stores are diminished intensively and forthe export processes. Several large-scale enterprises of the heavy industry employ thousands of workers. Thus in the Negev for example bromide won by the dead sea is processed.

The tourism plays likewise an important role in the economic use of this desert. The extreme variety of the Negevwüste and the relatively shortDistances become estimated of many in and foreign tourists, so that the area routistic constantly develops itself further.

Also many new immigrants, particularly from the former Soviet Union and made of Ethiopia, were settled purposefully there in the last years. Altogether about 600,000 humans in the area live of theNegev.

Extensive areas of the Negevwüste are exclusively intended for the military use. The most important military airports of Israel concentrate in this region and maneuvers as well as rocket tests are implemented above all there.

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