New national gallery
the new national gallery is a museum for the art 20. Century in Berlin . The building of the museum comes from Ludwig bad van the raw one and is considered as icon of the classical modern trend. The new national gallery is together with the picture gallery (Berlin) and the museum of arts and crafts one of the most important museums at the cultural forum Berlin.
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The new national gallery is the only building, which Ludwig bad van the raw one was allowed to convert to the Second World War in the Federal Republic of Germany. In the year 1962 it received the order at the high age from 76 years to establish a museum. The building became 1968,Year before Mies' death, finished. The new national gallery was the first museum, which was opened at the again developing cultural forum Berlin zoo nearby the Potsdamer of place. In direct neighbourhood are Hans Scharouns state library and Philharmonic Concert Halls.
With the new national gallery bad realized in urgent waythe thoughts of the universal area developed by it. On a 110 meters large granite terrace, which adjusts the light slope on the bank of the land military channel, the square pavilion from steel puts 105 x on. The edge length the building of dominating roof amounts to 54 meters, and by 6 metersput back Glaswände enclose mainresound. Since the roof is carried by two steel columns each at each edge, is mainresounds a uniform, large area, which is structured only by two free standing cores and several stairs in the basement. In the basement are the actual showrooms onin the west of the building a ummauerter sculpture garden attaches. By the unusual room layout in the basement and the Monumentalität is unproblematic the use of the building for exhibitions does not mainresound.
the new national gallery accommodates the existence of the national museums to Berlin inRange of the painting and plastics 20. Century, from the classical modern trend to the art of the 1960er years. She ties expressly to the tradition of the new department in the crowning prince palace , which had been developed under the direction of Ludwig Justi from 1919 to 1937, toit by the action art degenerated was destroyed.
still 1945 decided municipal authorities of Berlin the establishment of a collection 20. Century. The driving forces thereby were Adolf Jannasch and again Ludwig Justi. It however still lasted until 1947, beforethe purchase commission together-found itself. It consisted of 3 city delegates of the CDU, the SPD and the SED, 3 art historians and 3 artists. That in the meantime 69jährige Justi had been appointed the general manager of the former national museums. It wanted first the gaps within the range of the expressionismby the purchase of some Hauptwerke fill, collided with however with currents which wanted to document the most current postwar art. Exhibitions took place at this time in the Council of State hall of the city lock .
All further efforts were with splitting municipal authorities in November 1948 and the establishment of the two GermansStates of 1949 generic term-oil. Therefore became the gallery 20. Century 1949 in West Berlin a second time as urban gallery based and had to again develop their existence. Still she saw in the tradition of the crowning prince palace and tried, in order to make continuity visible,whenever possible to reacquire lost works - which succeeded however only isolated, as with Noldes Christ and the Samariterin. In particular the gap, which had resulted from the loss of the works of the blue rider, was inappropriate also on a long-term basis to close. Place of issue of the gallery was first the former land military casino at the Jebensstrasse behind the station zoo, where also the art library was and today the museum for photography and the Helmut Newton - donation is accommodated. 1953 returned also the existence of the national gallery paged out in the west to West Berlin andfirst in Dahlem, starting from 1959 in the lock Charlottenburg were issued. Both institutions strove parallel to close the gaps within the range of the classical modern trend again. After 1957 the donation Prussian culture possession had been created, it became more easily, the purchase politics of the national gallery closer with thatthe urban gallery 20. Century to coordinate and as 1961 with the building of the wall that a unification of the consisting of east and west would be in the long term no longer possible, decided one became clear to the combination of the two trunk collections and toothe representative new building at the again created cultural forum, which bad was assigned van the raw one.
the collection since 1968
this was inaugurated 1968 with a Mondrian - exhibition. First director became Werner detention man, who went to it, the public from both trunk collectionsto before-lie a closed collection, as he said. Into the building first the gallery 20 pulled. Century and all works of the national gallery, until 1986, rather from lack of space, turned the gallery of the romance back in the lock Charlottenburg, so that the constant exhibition only nowon the art 20. Century was concentrated. The purchasing act of the new national gallery was from the outset rather small. End of the 60's fraud it about 200,000 DM opposite 10 millions, the z. B. at the disposal were to the art collection North Rhine-Westphalia. Many pictures could however with the help ofthe donation German Klassenlotterie and starting from 1977 by the support of the friends of the national gallery to be acquired.
The museum conception and the purchase politics were often coined/shaped of violent public sympathy. Detention man succeeded it to give to the still rudimentary collection a formed outline and her in oneto place international context. After 1968 there were nevertheless heavy arguments, when detention man turned against transnational happenings and installations. In the heated situation the windowpanes of the building of bad were partly hit and even shot up.
1982 met the boulevard press the purchase of bar-nicely Newmans Who's AfraidOF talk, Yellow and Blue IV with loud lack of understanding, into whose consequence it came to murder threats against director Dieter Honisch and a student finally destroyed the picture. Honisch had the gallery of the American painting opened in particular the colour field painting in conscious contrast to Pop kind, which collected the museum Ludwig in Cologne.
the collection since 1990
with the reunification changed also the new national gallery their face. It became again part of the national gallery on the museum island and 1993 came it to the re-organization of the existence. Duringthe gallery of the romance from the lock Charlottenburg problem-free with the previous stock levels to be combined knew and the classical modern trend an increase booked, was very many more difficult the integration of the postwar art from the GDR into those of the west. New hanging caused most violent contradiction andover one year became long a so-called German-German picture controversy expenditure-fenced, which was carried particularly by the injuries of non-governmental artists from the GDR and the indignation of the CDU. In the meantime the GDR art is hardly still represented.
Since the mechanism Hamburg station of the 1996 after the donationthe collection Marx the new national gallery became a pure presentation of the classical modern trend into the 1970er beginning years. Beyond that it goes only with the numerous and often spectacular special exhibitions in the glass pavilion, which have usually in addition, a retrospective character. From February to Septembers 2004 was issued works from New Yorker museums the OF decaying kind (MoMA) among the Slogan the Moma in Berlin in the national gallery. The second large advantages acquisition of the national gallery, the collection mountain-green supplements the existence of the new national gallery. Although general enthusiasm for the increaseprevails, then nevertheless not all are over the recent division of the art 20. Century on three houses lucky.
|Commons: New national gallery (Berlin) - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
Web on the left of
- further museumsat the cultural forum, current Veranstaltungstipps and a 360Grad-Panoramabegehung
- Peter Klaus shoemaker (Hg.): The national gallery. Cologne 2001. ISBN 3-8321-7004-9
- Rolf D. White one: Badly van the raw one. Vision and reality - of the Concert resound to the new national gallery. Development of an idea. Potsdam 2001. ISBN 3-929748-12-6
- Badly van that raw new national gallery in Berlin. Hrsg. of Gabriela guard. Berlin 1995. ISBN 3-9803212-2-3
coordinates: 52° 30 ' 23 " N 13° 22 ' 2 " O