New cell (monastery)

the monastery new cell (new facts Cella) was into the Niederlausitz Cistercian abbey lain. Them became in 13. Century based and existed until 1817, when it was secularized of the Prussian government . The properties were transferred at Prussian national pin new cell. Pin existed until 1955 and in the year 1996 as publicly legal donation of the country Brandenburg was again-based. The monastery complex belongs to the municipality of the same name.

The monastic church serves today the catholic municipality of the place new cell until as parish church. In the monastery brewery the brewing tradition of the Cistercians is also at present still continued.

The monastic church
Innenansicht der Klosterkirche
interior opinion of the monastic church

table of contents

history

the monastery became to 12. October 1268 donated by Mark count Heinrich the Erlauchten in the memory of its deceased wife Agnes. With the monastery new cell acted it around an expenditure roundness of the nut/mother monastery Altzella (Cella) in Saxonia, a first convention however only 1281 there sent itself.

The monastery complex was established between 1300 and 1330. The dreischiffige resounding church of the abbey was implemented for lack of regional quarries as building of bricks typical for the area (brick gothic).

In the Middle Ages the monks of new cell could acquire extensive landed property. Over 30 villages in the Niederlausitz and some also in the Mark belonged to Brandenburg to the monastery rule. Also the small town prince mountain (or) (today part of ironworks city) was in the possession of the monks. Pin new cell belonged to the Niederlausitzer land conditions and was represented up to its dissolution in the federal state parliament.

As only monastery in the Niederlausitz got over new cell the reformation as a catholic island in purely Protestant environment. Also the rural subjects of the pin had turned around 1550 Martin Luther to the teachings. When the Niederlausitz was surrendered 1635 from the having citizens in the Prager peace to the Saxonian Wettiner, the Protestant cure prince in the Traditionsrezess so mentioned had continued of new cell to guarantee.

Damaged in the process of the dreissigjährigen war the monastery plant heavily and only two years to that Westfäli peace returned the monks 1650 again. Abbott Bernardus let 1655 and 1658 the rebuilt buildings of Italian artists provide between with Fresken and stucco works. Its successor let the monastery plant transform consistently in the style of the South German baroque (see. Illustration: despite over on-board that equipment abundance teatrum sacrum one recognizes the gothical roots by the gothical pointed elbows). Nearly all today still existing buildings of the plant originate predominantly from the time of the baroque. The Neuzeller monastic church is the most important Sakralbau of the Niederlausitz.

As consequence of the Viennese of congress the formerly Saxonian Niederlausitz became Prussian, and the Neuzeller abbey became 1817 by king Friedrich William III. as one of the last Cistercian monasteries on German soil secularizes. The monastery buildings were administered from now on by a national pin new cell. While the former convention church remained catholic and 1947 pilgrimage church became the Heiligtum of our love woman, the former people church became the holy cross Evangelist parish church (in the course of the mechanism of a teacher min acre in the examination buildings). 1955 were dissolved pin new cell, again based 1996 as donation pin new cell.

In the year 2004 the baroque monastery garden and the Orangerie were again-opened after aufwändiger reconstruction.

pictures

innen
inside
Decke
cover
Barockgarten
baroque garden

literature

  • Töpler, Winfried: The monastery new cell and lay and religious powers 1268 - 1817. (= studies for history, art and culture of the Cistercians. 14). Berlin 2003. ISBN 3-931836-53-3
  • oil man, William: Pin new cell. Investigations to source customer and possession history of a East German of Cistercian monastery. Grab forest 1937.
  • Oil man, William: The development of the culture landscape in the pin new cell. Land hat 1950.

Web on the left of

Commons: Monastery new cell - pictures, videos and/or audio files


coordinates: 52° 02 ' 26 " N, 14° 39 ' 08 " O

 

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