New South Wales

Flagge von New South Wales
New South Wales NSW
of new south Wales
base data
capital: Sydney
largest city: Sydney
ISO 3166-2: AU-NSW
surface: 800,642 km ²
inhabitants: 6.764.600 (2005)
population density: 8.32 Einwohner/km ²

new South Wales [ˈnjuːˌsaʊθˈweɪlz] (German new south Wales) is inFederal State of the Commonwealth of Australia with the capital Sydney. It lies in the southeast part of the country and borders on Victoria in the south, South Australia in the west and Queensland in the north. In the southeast part new South Wales encloses the Australian Capital Territory.

Table of contents

administrative arrangement 4 climate


economics 6 history 7 universities of 8 places [ work on] in the north, the Blue Mountains at the east coast of Australia with far flat levels in the west, the coastal mountainsin the center as well as the highest collection of the Australian alps, the Mount Kosciuszko (2230 m), in the south. The total area of this Federal State amounts to approx. 802,000 km ², it is approximately three times as large thereby as Great Britain.


the Federal State looks on the oldestEuropean settlements of the continent back. Already in 18. Century first settlements were created.

For instance a third of the Australian population lives in new South Wales, particularly at the coast and in Sydney.

With Queensland new South Wales is the Federal State with the largest portionat Aborigines. There live 26 per cent each of the entire Aborigine population of Australia (see also Indigene of peoples Australia Ozeaniens).

administrative arrangement

new South Wales is divided in 14 regions:

  • Cent ral west (CW)
  • far west (L.G.)
  • Hunter (cycles per second)
  • Illawarra (IL)
  • Murrumbidgee (mg)
  • Murray (MR)
  • avoid NorthCoast (numerical control)
  • Northern (NR)
  • North Western (size)
  • Richmond Tweed (blank)
  • South Eastern (SE)
  • Sydney inside (SI)
  • Sydney Outer (SO)
  • Sydney Surrounds (SS)


normally prevails warm and healthy climate. The precipitation takes from annually 1,500 mm at the coast on under 200 mmin the interior off. The vegetation follows this precipitation progressive rate with close Eukalyptuswäldern, open bush and finally grass steppes up to the range of half wildful areas. Particularly in the area around Sydney it comes again and again to devastating shrub fires. Damp years with good wheat yields becomeagain and again replaced caused by dry periods, by El Niño, a warm Meeresströmung (in South America however to inundations leads). The Great Dividing rank, a mountain course in north-south direction forms a special case. Here the precipitation is higher and the temperatures exhibits stronger fluctuations. The Australian ones Alps in the south have an alpine climate and to lie partially above the timber line. Here it comes partially also in the summer to snows and frost.


new South Wales is economically the most important Federal State of Australia with important occurrences of lead, Coal, copper, zinc, silver, gold and other ores. Importantly also the sheep is - and cattle breeding in the west, cultivation of wheat and fruit cultures in irrigation areas. Because of the coastal area are the important industrial sites Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong). New South Wales is the oldest and at the close besiedelste Federal State of Australia. It gives approx. 6,8 million inhabitant in new South Wales, about a third of the Australian total population, which underlines the economic meaning.


new South Wales became 1770 of the English sailor Captain James Cook discovers. New South Wales was the first British colony in Australia and originally covered the whole east of Australia. 1859 were separated first Queensland, 1911 then the Australian Capital Territory (abbreviation: ACT, with Canberra, the again created capital of Australia) separated. New South Walesis the oldest Federal State of Australia.

Universities of




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