New York publicly LIBRARY

New York Public Library, Hauptgebäude, gebaut 1897–1911, Architekten Carrère und Hastings
New York publicly LIBRARY, main building, built 1897 - 1911, architect Carrère and Hastings

The New York publicly LIBRARY (NYPL) are one of the prominent libraries of the United States of America and one of the three public libraries in New York town center. You main building in the Fifth Avenue represent the most important architectural achievement of Carrère and Hastings. Their status as one of the libraries occupied by the possession of z, leading world-wide. B. a good mountain Bible and an expenditure of the Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica.

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history

toward end 19. Century had New York town center two public reference libraries: the Astor LIBRARY, based with a 400.000-Dollar-Nachlass von John Jacob Astor (1763 - 1848), which 1849 one opened, and which Lenox LIBRARY, based of James Lenox (1800 - 1880), a book collecting tank, which was built to the Fifth Avenue and today the Frick Collection issues.

1886 deceased to Samuel J. Tildes (1814 - 1886). It left a deduction of approximately 2.4 million dollar, which should be used to furnish a library in New York town center.

Postkarte, ca. 1920
Postcard, approx. 1920

John Bigelow (1817 - 1911), a New Yorker attorney, were the manager of the legacy of tildes and seized a plan to fold up the financially fastened Astor and Lenox libraries with the fortune of tildes in order to form the The New York publicly LIBRARY, Astor, Lenox and tildes Foundations. Them became to 23. May 1895 as a private donation based.

The library fused in February 1901 with the New York Free Circulating LIBRARY. Andrew Carnegie donated 5.2 million dollar, in order to build branches, with the condition that these by the city New York maintained and are financed. The New York publicly LIBRARY is thus a co-operation between city administration and private organizations, a characteristic „of the American way “.

Einer der beiden Forschungsräume
One of the two research areas

the primary scientific library was built to the Fifth Avenue in Manhattan between the 40th and 42nd road and to 24. May 1911 opens. The well-known lions at the entrance were created by Edward Clark Potter. Into the 1930ern they got the pointed names from mayor Fiorello LaGuardia „patience “(English: Patience) and „bravery “(English: Fortitude). He selected these names, because he thought, exactly this is the characteristics, which the New Yorker citizens needed, in order to through-be entitled the large depression. Their earlier names were lord Astor and lady Lenox, although both lions are male. At Christmas they had large wreaths/rings around its neck, this practice however with the turn of the century were given up, since the weight of the wreaths/rings harmed the neck of the lions.

Into the 1980ern the library (12,000 m ²) received to new stockroom for books. For this extension was a large building project necessary, with which the Bryant park, directly west the library, was closed and ausgeschachtet. The new plants of the library were built underground. The park was then restored above the underground plants and opened for the public again.

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branches in the Bronx, Manhattan and Staten Iceland maintain branches the NYPL. The branches make popular literature and fundamental research materials available. The four scientific libraries of the NYPL offer world-well-known collections for a large number of topics. The scientific libraries contain spirit and sociological library, the New York publicly LIBRARY for representing arts, the Schomburg center for research over afro American culture and the science, industrie and restaurant library.

the library in films

the NYPL emerged often in films, mostly as window blind or as meeting place for the characters. It served among other things in the film Spider-Man from the year 2002 as window blind and The Day after Tomorrow functioned, 2004 as important turning place for the film.

A scene of the film breakfast with Tiffany (1961) plays in the NYPL.


Web on the left of


coordinates: 40° 45 ′ 11 " N, 73° 58 ′ 55 " W

 

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