New York Subway

bringing in course of the line C in the station 86th Street Central park west
in the underground Wendeschleife South Ferry (line 1)
overhead railway at the corner Broadway and 125. Road, Manhattan
linear network conditions 2004

the New Yorker underground, also Subway mentioned, orders over one of the oldest and largest underground nets of the world.

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data

the net covers 27 lines and has a length of 407.2 kilometers - of it 393.3 kilometers are intended for public traffic. 371.1 kilometers are operated by the New York town center transport Authority (NYCTA) and 22.2 kilometers of the haven Authority Trans Hudson (PATH). 231.9 kilometers are in the tunnel, 129 kilometers in high situation and 46.3 kilometers to even earth. The track width amounts to 1435 millimeters. However it concerns similarly the citizen of Berlin underground a net with two profiles.

From the 476 stations 281 lies in tunnel situation, of 153 in high situation and 42 ebenerdig. The high-altitude station is in the Smith/9th Street in Brooklyn; it is on a bridge over the Gowanus channel and lies 26.7 meters over road level. The most deeply convenient station (54.9 meters under road level) lies in the 191th Street/pc. Nicholas Avenue in Manhattan. Within the net there are 140 kilometers to distance with four and 71 kilometers with three operating tracks. Some sections possess even six tracks. The overall length of all railway tracks amounts to 1,355 kilometers.

Driving out course of the line L in the station 8. Avenue (CAN acre IE distance)

the New Yorker underground was put on, in order to transport at working-days large quantities from passengers to. In the year 2002 used each weekday on the average 4.5 million passengers the underground, generally speaking year 1.5 billion.

A typical underground station has 122 to 213 meters long platforms, in order to keep ready for the large crowds place. The platforms can be achieved only by means of spiders. The passengers must acquire a ticket before. Since that 12. All undergrounds drive May 1955 underground in the city center. That is not by any means natural. In the outlying districts nearly all lines drive this very day as so-called Elevated LINEs, i.e., the underground drives up confessing ore as overhead railway. Also there are distances to even earth, on a railway embankment or in the open cut. The only lines, which completely underground on the way are, are the lines C, E, R and V as well as the shuttle traffic between Time Square and Grand cent ral station.

the first course systems with steam engines developed for history starting from 1860 in New York. To 7. December 1867 was opened the first cable railway in the Greenwich Street. In February 1870 in a tunnel under Broadway the Druckluftantrieb was tested for the first time. To 24. September 1883 began the overhead railway enterprise over the Brooklyn Bridge. A cable drive on the bridge provided for the forward movement.

To 14. May 1885 was opened the first overhead railway distance in Brooklyn with Dampfantrieb. This system experienced a fast propagation. To 27. August 1885 took place on the 9th Avenue the first attempt with electrical course drive, to 17. December 1887 was taken up along the Jamaica Avenue continuous operation of the electrical streetcar. Thus a substantial condition for the later electrical underground enterprise had been created.

The first tunnel section of the New Yorker underground became to 28. October 1904 of the Interborough rapidly transit (IRT) opens. The date marks the birth of the Metro as subway (subway). The 14.65 kilometers long distance led from town center resound after 145th Street. Later the Brooklyn Manhattan transit ( BMT) and the Independent Subway ( IND) built own distances. Starting from 1921 the ÖPNV was coordinated of New York by the national transit Commission. At the 1. June 1940 took over the city as an operator the two bankruptcy gone societies IRT and BMT.

1965 were created the metropolitan commuter Transportation Authority by the State of New York. 1968 received the authority also today the still valid designation metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA). MTA covers at present as the most important mechanism the New York town center transit Authority (NYCTA) and a number of further subsidiaries and subordinate mechanisms. The NYCTA are again several enterprises subordinate. The society completes the largest part of surface traffic in the city.

Beside there are the MTA and their subordinate mechanisms still further independent and/or other enterprises being subordinate transporting enterprises. One of it is the regional underground the haven Authority Trans Hudson (PATH). 1962 took over this authority the line driven on since 1908 and modernized it.

Between 1881 and 1937 the substantial parts of the today's net developed. Starting from years the precipitous increase of individual motorizing caused the 1930er first a stagnation of the road support. For the 1970er years a very much limited advancement is to be registered, after into the 1950er years already numerous overhead railway distances had been stillglegt.

linear network

The line Z operates only in the “Rush Hours”, New Yorker rush hour. It drives on the same distance as line J, but at certain stations only in each case one of the two lines (“Skip stop service” holds). Outside of the peak hour wrongly only the line J and holds at all stations. In this kind the flow chart is accelerated to the peak traffic.
line distance
1 Broadway-7 Avenue local Van Cortlandt Park-242 Street ↔ South Ferry
2 7 Avenue express Wakefield-241 Street ↔ Brooklyn college Flatbush Avenue
3 7 Avenue express Harlem-148 Street Lenox terminal ↔ new ones guide Avenue
4 Lexington Avenue express Woodlawn ↔ new ones guide Avenue
5 Lexington Avenue express Eastchester Dyre Avenue ## Nereid Av-White Plains RD ↔ Brooklyn college Flatbush Avenue
6 Lexington Avenue local
Lexington Avenue express
Pelham Bay park ↔ Brooklyn Bridge town center resound
to 7 Flushing local
Flushing express
Flushing Main Street ↔ Time Square-42 Street
A 8 Avenue express Inwood-207 Street ↔ ozones park Lefferts boulevard ## far Rockaway Mott Avenue ## Rockaway park Beach 116 Street
B 6 Avenue express Bedford park boulevard ↔ Brighton Beach
C 8 Avenue local ones Washington Heights-168 Street ↔ Euclid Avenue
D 6 Avenue express 205 Street ↔ Coney Iceland-quiet-wave Avenue
E 8 Avenue local Jamaica center Parsons/Archer ↔ World trade center
F Queens boulevard Express/6 Avenue local Jamaica-179 Street ↔ Coney Iceland-quiet-wave Avenue
G Brooklyn Queens Crosstown Forest Hills, 71 Avenue ↔ Smith-9 Streets
J Nassau Street local Jamaica center Parsons/Archer ↔ Broad Street
L 14 Street Canarsie local one 8 Avenue ↔ Canarsie Rockaway Parkway
M Nassau Street local Middle many situation layer Avenue ↔ Bay Parkway
N Broadway express Astoria Ditmars boulevard ↔ Coney Iceland-quiet-wave Avenue
Q Broadway express 57 Street ↔ Coney Iceland-quiet-wave Avenue
R Broadway local Forest Hills, 71 Avenue ↔ Bay Ridge-95 Street
S 42 Street shuttles of 42 Street Time Square ↔ 42 Street Grand cent ral
S Franklin Avenue shuttle Franklin Avenue ↔ Prospect park
S Rockaway park shuttle Broad Channel ↔ Rockaway park Beach 116 Street
V Queens Boulevard/6 Avenue local Forest Hills, 71 Avenue ↔ Lower East Side-2 Avenue
W Broadway local Astoria Ditmar The so-called “express” - Trains hold only by certain stops.
[Work on]
see also

underground

[
  • work on] Web on the left of side over all undergrounds of the world
side over the New Yorker underground private side of Joe Korman with opening data of all stations

homepage of the MTA
Commons: New York town center Subway - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

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