Niederlausitz

the Niederlausitz (niedersorb. Dolna Łužyca, obersorb. Delnja Łužica, polarize. Dolne Łużyce, lat. Lusatia inferior) is a region in the south of the country Brandenburg and in the west of Poland. It borders in the south on the Oberlausitz and on Niederschlesien. Their centerthe city is Cottbus. The Niederlausitz has a sorbischen population portion.

Table of contents

coats of arms

it consists of a white Panier with a red ox.

To the hymn see: Lausitzhymne

geography and nature

the Niederlausitz belongsto north Germans the low country. By the Niederlausitz the Niederlausitzer border barrier, a part of the southern land back, which continues northwest to the Fläming , pulls itself . This concerns the Endmoräne developed in the Saale ice age. The highest collection of the Niederlausitzer of border barrier amounts to 167 M. The southern one Land back represents here a Wasserscheide . Along a broad parallel line through dark forest rise small rivers and brooks, which flow northward and flow usually in the Spreewald into the Spree. The rivers Spree and Neisse coming from the south created a break-through. South the NiederlausitzerBorder barrier follows the Urstromtal of the black Elster . During the Weichsel ice age (forwards approx. 90.000 - 8500 years) only the northern Niederlausitz was vergletschert, the appropriate Endmoränenzüge is north the Spreewaldes. To this recent glazialen series the Baruther Urstromtal belongs. The surface thatNiederlausitz was formed completely in the Pleistozän.

Profound changes in the landscape developed however only by the plant large day-build since the thirties 20. Century, above all however to GDR - times, which over 100 villages to the victim fell.

In the south the Niederlausitz becomesof the Oberlausitz limits. Eastern or and Bober , the Muskauer fold elbow ( a part of the Niederlausitzer of border barrier) and the Muskauer heath, western the Elbe and the Fläming lock the Niederlausitz.

Only in the extreme northeast the country by the or is affected, thosehere with Ratzdorf the leading into Neisse takes up. A majority of the natural plant vegetation is certain by heaths and Auwälder. However the Niederlausitz is regardless of the relatively thin settlement like all regions of Central Europe a culture landscape arranged strongly by humans The nature park Niederlausitzer heath landscape is a idyllischer partthe Niederlausitz. In 20. Century was coined/shaped the Niederlausitz particularly by the lignite mining. For the explanation day-build became over 500 places and/or. Local parts abgebaggert, of it a majority with sorbischer population. Into the present places are destroyed, so Horno (Rogow), Lakoma (Łakoma) (local partof Cottbus) or thimble (Chusej) (local part of Drebkau (Drjowk)).

Principal places of the Niederlausitz are: Cottbus (Chośebuz), as the largest city, Guben (Gubin), Luckau (Łukow), Calau (Kalawa), the historical capital of the country Lübben (Spreewald) (Lubin), dark forest (Grabin), Senftenberg (Zły Komorów), Spremberg (Grodk), Lübbenau/Spreewald (Lubnjow), Vetschau (Wětešow) Allium hammer, as well as in the Polish part of Żary (Sorau).

infrastructure and economics

after the turn the Niederlausitz was deindustrialisiert to a large extent. From the before times meaning glass industry, the textile industry and the wood working only small remainders exist. Large-scale projects like a manufacturing plantfor airships (Cargolifter) and the Lausitzring developed thereby hardly failed either or it new jobs. Still the brown coal dismantling and the power production are the most important industries.

The agriculture on relatively lean soils with of Germany climate of lightest precipitation is not very productive. On the other hand have someagricultural products from the Niederlausitz, in particular from the Spreewald, Germany far a very good reputation.

tourism

the Niederlausitz becomes outstanding by wheel far from and - regional because of opened. In the east the or Neisse cycle track limits the region. Central it is crossed by the Spree cycle track. As regional routes are offeredthe frog cycle track and the Niederlausitzer mining industry route (landspreading Brandenburg and Saxonia) on. In the north in the Spreewaldraum the cucumber cycle track and the prince Pückler route attach . In the southwest the Elster cycle track leads to the Elbe cycle track.

politics and administration

today is the Niederlausitz no more political unit.But there are demands to close the Niederlausitzer of areas in the course of a circle regional reorganization in the country Brandenburg to a uniform district with a district town Cottbus together.

history

Ur and early history of the Niederlausitz

of tool finds in the southern Lausitz leave on oneSettlement of the region already in the paleolithic age close. After 600 became the area of the Niederlausitz of Slawen, which race of the Lusizer settles, which found of the Germanic Vorbevölkerung in the people migration time nearly completely vacated country.

the Middle Ages

in the 11. Centurythe Lausitzer Mark was furnished and administered by Mark counts from the sex of the Wettiner. Still to in 12. Century stressed also the Polish kings area for their realm and them could occasionally the eastern part of the country also actually control. In 13. and 14.Century was disputed the Niederlausitz between the meissnischen Wettinern and the Askaniern of the Wittenberger and the breaking citizen line.


1367 inkorporierte emperors Karl IV. the Niederlausitz into the böhmischen crown, their Nebenland remained the Markgraftum up to the Prager peace of 1635. Also the böhmischen kingscould in the remote area no strong national rule establish, because the Niederlausitz regulated their internal affairs as far as possible. Particularly in 15. Century in addition, in 16. Important parts of the Niederlausitz were lost to century through sales and Verpfändung to the neighbouring cure principalities Saxonia and Brandenburg,so for example 1454 of the central Cottbuser circle. In 15. Century also several army courses of the Hussiten the Niederlausitz had devastated. In that time also the Niederlausitzer federal state parliament developed. The condition meeting arranged into four Kurien was most important political Kraft in the country. Besides that took Landvogt the interests of the böhmischen king truely.


early modern times

between 1520 and 1540 spread the reformation in the country. The Niederlausitz was the only country in the habsburgischen sphere of influence, in which the establishment of a Konsistoriums succeeded to the Evangelist conditions and got itthus country-wide the church sovereignty into their hand. Up to the Koster new cell all other monasteries were dissolved.

In the Schmalkaldi war 1546/47 the Niederlausitzer held nevertheless to the catholic king Ferdinand I. The royal Landvogt Albrecht of mud could back-conquer the area of the pin Dobrilugk, the 1541occupied by the Saxonian cure prince Johann Friedrich was.

When 1618 began antihabsburgischen unrests in Böhmen, the Niederlausitzer of conditions behaved first passively. They ignored the urgent requests of the Böhmen to support it in the war against the having citizens. Only after death emperor Matthias inThey changed March 1619 their politics. They joined the Böhmi Konföderation and were at the joggle Ferdinands II. and the choice Friedrich V. of the Pfalz to the king of Böhmen takes part.

In accordance with the regulations of the Prager of peace 1635 the Saxonian cure prince with that becameMarkgraftum Niederlausitz belehnt, which remained territorially independent, whereby the cure prince of Saxonia was the Mark count of the Niederlausitz at the same time. Temporarily was the owner of the wettinischen Sekundogenitur of Saxonia Merseburg also the Mark count of the Niederlausitz.1790 came it as reaction to the French revolution to farmer revolts.

Work on []

The Niederlausitz between 1815 and 1945

by resolution of the Viennese of congress of 1815 is dissolved the Niederlausitz Prussian, the Markgraftum and the area of the Niederlausitz is attached the province Brandenburg, and Lübben loses its function as capital for many centuries autonomous of the region which was. ThoseAutonomy rights of the conditions were gradually waived thereafter. Around 1816 the reorganization of the territorial administration began, by introducing 7 districts (Cottbus , Sorau , Spremberg , Calau , Luckau , Lübben and Guben).

Under the Prussian rule the regular suppression of the Sorben began, in particularadministrative measures were seized, around the use of the sorbischen language back urge. In it also the Evangelist church took part. Center 19. Century began the dismantling of brown coal.

the Niederlausitz since the Second World War

after that 2. World war belongs the Niederlausitz to the GDRund zunächst wieder zum土地Brandenburg。 模子östlich der Neiße gelegenen Teile des Landes waren Polen gefallen的1945年。 In the course of the regional reorganization of 1952 the largest part of the Niederlausitz was combined into the district Cottbus, whereby inadvertently the Niederlausitzer regional consciousness carries and at the same time Cottbusas regional center of the Niederlausitz one established. After the reestablishment of the country Brandenburg and omission the nachhaltigste attenuation of the region and the Niederlausitzer of regional consciousness found district-clammy to that by the formation of great circles over the borders of the Niederlausitzer region outside (z. B. the district Dahme Spreewald) in the year 1993 instead of.

literature

for the settlement of the Lausitz in early history and in the Middle Ages see.

  • Günter Wetzel, Teuton - Slawen - German in the Niederlausitz. Report of the Roman-Germanic commission 83, 2002, 206-242.

Travel guide Lausitz:

  • Kerstin and André Micklitza: The Lausitzdiscover, Tre publishing house Berlin 2004.

History:

  • Rudolf Lehmann: History of the Niederlausitz, Berlin (W) 1963.
  • Rudolf Lehmann: History of the Markgraftums Niederlausitz, Dresden 1937.

see also

Web on the left of


coordinates: 51° 44 ' 60 " N, 14° 30 ' 0 " O

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)