Nieuw Amsterdam

Johannes Vingboons painting shows a city opinion from the year, in which Nieuw Amsterdam was conquered by the British (1664).

Nieuw Amsterdam (German new Amsterdam) was from 1624 to 1664 administrative seat of the Netherlands colony Nieuw Nederland (new down country) in the extensive area around the today's Manhattan and after conquest by the British in New York was approximately renamed.

Table of contents

history

of beginnings of the Netherlands settlement

Henry Hudson explored 1609 the today's New York Bay, and recognized the economic meaning of the area, which was noticeable to it by its fur wealth. Between the years 1611 and 1614 investigated among other things the Dutchmen Adriaen block and Hendrick Christiansz the coastal strip. With the time developed there the settlement Nieuw Amsterdam, which developed to the most important settlement Nieuw Nederlands.

Minuits purchase of Manhattan

Schagen-Brief
Schagen letter

1625 and 1626 reached Peter Minuit, a businessman and son of wallonischer faith refugees, standing in the services of the Netherlands west India company (WIC), Nieuw Nederland born in Wesel. In its function as a director of the colony he bought the native, perhaps a branch of the Lenni Lenape Indians, to 1626 who called her „Manna hatta “(hilly island), the isle for 60 guldens off. This number originates from a letter from Peter Schagen to the west India company: the delivered conversion in 24 US Dollar, the one exchange rate from that 19. Century used, are not meaningful particularly. One cannot portieren the price so easily into our time, because the Indians could have begun nothing with 60 guldens, them with goods in the value of 60 guldens were thus paid.

economics and further development

around the self-sufficiency of the settlement with food to improve, became outside of the city boundaries, north the today's Wallstreet of farms (Netherlands: bouwerie) put on, from which the name New Yorker boroughs of the Bowery deduces itself. To 2. February 1653 received Nieuw Amsterdam municipal rights.

Nieuw Amsterdam (cutout from Nicholaes of Vis 1656 of developed map Novi Belgii Novæque Angliæ)

income of the city by the British

in the year 1664, short before outbreak of the second English-Netherlands naval warfare, was conquered Nieuw Amsterdam by the British. Against the will Petrus Stuyvesants, possibly due to its unpopularity, resulted the Dutchmen combatless. After the colony Jakob, Herzog von York, a brother of the English of king Karl II., awarded was, Nieuw Amsterdam in New York was renamed.

Nieuw Amsterdam onlangs Nieuw Jorck office for towards (cutout from the map Totius Neobelgii new facts et Accuratissima Tabula of Hugo all pool of broadcasting corporations). Allards around 1674 representation developed shows a city grown strongly.

literature

sources

  • Berthold Fernow (Hrsg.): The record OF new Amsterdam: From 1653 tons of 1674 anno Domini, 7 volumes, New York 1897 - most important source edition to history Nieuw Amsterdam. Also as reproduction (Baltimore, 1976) available.

representations

newer one scientific representations of history Nieuw Amsterdam are missing. From the older work is worth mentioning:

  • Mariana Griswold Van Rensselaer: History OF the town center OF New York into the seventeenth century, volume 1: New Amsterdam, New York 1909

other literature:

  • Günther describe/January van broke: The origins OF New York: commentary ton the facsimile edition OF 'Nieuw Amsterdam ofte nue Nieuw Torx bpt “Eylant one” and “Afbeeldinge van de city Amsterdam in Nieuw Nederlandt”, Zurich 1988
  • Isaac Newton Phelps Stokes: The iconography OF Manhattan Iceland 1498-1909, 6 volumes, New York 1915-1928
 

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