Nikolaus V. (Pope)

Nicolaus V dad

Nikolaus V., civil Tommaso Parentucelli, (* 15. November 1397 in Sarzana (Ligurien); † 24. March 1455 in Rome) was a Pope from 1447 to 1455.

Nikolaus V. was before his Pontifikat starting from 1443 vice-treasurers, starting from 1444 archbishop of Bologna and starting from 1446 cardinal. After only two-day Konklave of 18 cardinals it became to 6. March 1447 in Rome to the Pope selected and to 19. March inthronisiert.

A first success was the final overcoming of the Schismas by thoseResignation of the Gegenpapstes Felix used by the Basler council (1449). The large success of the holy yearly 1450 and the emperor coronation/culmination of Friedrich III.1452 testifies the risen international reputation of the papacy. At the same time Nikolaus V. stands. for the end of the konziliaren movement, their positive impulse it just as littleto take up understood like its predecessors and successors. The autocratic view of office of the Pope at the government of the church state encountered in Rome resistance, which culminated to 1453 in a failed rebellion. In addition the conquest of Konstantinopel came by the Osmanen in the same year, that the papacy drasticallybefore eyes it led that the agreement of the European princes had failed against the Osmani realm. It died finally to 24. March 1455 and was buried in the outside southern side ship of the earlyChristian Peter church in Rome.

As owner, Kunstmäzen and a promoter of the human movement Nikolaus V. carried out.extraordinary. It is considered as a first human educated Pope and was founder of the Vatikani library. The human Giannozzo Manetti delivers a speech in its 1455 locked biography of the Pope to the cardinals on the dying bed, in that the reasons of this energetic promotion of sciences andArts to be stated. The authority of the Roman church can be recognized only by the study of its origin and growth, thus by mental effort, completely. For the weak faith of the ungebildeten majority it is however additionally necessary, by splendour development and demonstration of strength outside indications thatto set church office force. Manetti describes Nikolaus' V. in its biography. an extensive program for the renewal of Rome: Restoration of all 40 station churches, thorough reorganization Vatikan and its environment as well as development of the attachment plants. Undoubtedly it succeeded to Nikolaus V. in its short Pontifikat not, this comprehensive projectto carry out also only ansatzweise. But it exceeded its predecessors as an owner by far. Thus he built a large new wing of the papal palace at the Vatikan and began with the extension of the earlyChristian Peter church. Nikolaus V. did not only provide for the churches and palacesof Rome, but also for the development of roads, bridges, water pipelines, wells as well as defenses. Among the painters Nikolaus V. estimated. particularly Fra Angelico, which it after the death of his predecessor, Pope Eugens IVTH, without interruption further-busy. The painter created for Nikolaus V. and. A.the famous Fresken of the Laurentius and Stephanuskapelle in the Vatikani palace.

There was also a Gegenpapst named Nikolaus V. (Pietro Rainalducci), which resided to 1328 to 1330 in Avignon.

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Predecessor
Eugen IV.
List of the Popes
Nikolaus
successor
Kalixt III.


 

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