North America

the situation of North America
Topografie: Nordamerika
Topografie: North America

North America is the northern part of the American double continent, surrounded north of the arctic ocean, east of the Atlantic ocean, south of and western of the Karibik of the Pacific ocean.

It is the third biggest Continent of the earth, to Asia and Africa, and covers a surface of 24.230.000 km including Greenland, the Central American land bridge and the Karibik ². North America has 454.225.000 inhabitants and is thereby No. 4 behind Asia, Africa and Europe.

South Americaand North America after Amérigo Vespucci were designated. He came as the first on the idea that the country, which had discovered and as India had regarded Christoph Kolumbus was its own continent.

The connection of north and South America is the land tightness of Panama. Frequently Central America or central America is called as own continent, however Central America is at the most one region like e.g. Western Europe and belongs to North America.

Table of contents

geological peculiarities

terrain of North America

nearly the entire surface of North America is on the North American plate. Divide California are well-known as edge of the Pacific plate, where the two plates at the San Andreas distortion meet one another.

Since 1931 are Rugby, North Dakota officially the geographical center of North America. The position was marked with 4.5 m a high Steinobelisken.


economics

the economy of North America covers more than 440 million humansin 23 states and Canada by the strong differences between the rich countries the USA and , which are ranked among the wohlhabensten states of the world, is coined/shaped, and which poor countries of Central America and the Karibik. Mexico lies in between somewhere.Although Mexico is part of the NAFTA and the OECD, it is nevertheless poorer around some than the northern neighbours.

Trade associations in North America:

history

historical map of North America

many North American Urvölker were with the discovery by thoseEuropeans established (also in large cities) and claimant already extensively agriculture and cattle breeding, some were collecting tanks and hunters. After their total population had dezimiert itself due to missing resistance in relation to diseases brought in from Europe around approximately 90%, were theysupport in terms of figures strongly. Thus many Urvölker created new trunks and combinations as reaction for European settlement. Well-known groups are Huronen, Mohawk, Apache, Cherokee, Sioux, Mohegan, Iroquois and Inuit.

After today's knowledge conditions were the first Europeans, who reached North America (Newfoundland), the Wikinger, which called it Vinland. They reached it around the year 1000. Although they established some settlements, they hardly left lasting traces on the continent.

After Christopher Columbus1492 America discovered, were the Spaniards the first Europeans, who remained in North America. They controlled soon the large islands of the Karibik, defeated the Aztecs and received also control of Central America and Mexico.

During some smaller countries like those The Netherlands or Sweden only smaller possessions on the continent had, the continent between the Spaniards, the Frenchmen and the Englishmen were divided.

The first English settlements were Jamestown and Plymouth skirt, which Virginia and Massachusetts were called now. FirstFrench settlements were haven Royal and Québec in the current Canadian provinces new facts Scotia and Québec.

regional ones and political partitioning

map of North America
satellite photograph with Wikipedia left

on the main land mass are three large and relativelydensely populated countries:

ToSouth end of the continent, within the relatively small range Central America, are the following countries:

at the southeast end of the continent are many island states, the Karibik:

and the dependent islands:

present in the Atlantic ocean, but nevertheless among North America to be ranked the following dependent islands:

1 these States of dependent islands are both in north andalso South America.
2 these dependent islands is in South America, however because of historical and cultural reasons nevertheless among North America is ranked.

The USA and other English-language nations Americas are designated than Angloamerika. Canada is divided into a anglokanadischen and a onefrankokanadischen range. Other north and South American nations are summarized under the terms Latin America or Iberoamerika.

The designation “North America” has repeatedly different meanings for different humans. In the everyday life use in Canada and the USA North America designates sometimes only the USA andCanada. Humans in Mexico however very probably see themselves as part of North America.

see also

Web on the left of

Wiktionary: North America - word origin, synonyms and translations
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)