752,614 km ² the large country (2x Germany) with today 10 millions Is appropriate for inhabitants between 8-18° southern geographical widthand 22-33º of eastern length. In the west, where in the Middle Ages copper was already won, the realm of the Barotse around 1600 , which combined several Bantuvölker , developed. David Livingstone arrived 1855 at the Sambesi and the Viktoriafällen, 1891 took Cecil Rhodes (prime minister of the cape colony) the east aftera protection contract for England in possession.
Completely Nordrhodesien becomes 1911 British protectorate, at the same time 1923 with Südrhodesien crowning colony. Copper dismantling and - smelting in the later Copperbelt begins after the world economic crisis on a large scale, with zuwandernder moving work to from today's Tanzania, but comes starting from 1935it repeats to mass strikes of the black miners and hut workers in the Copperbelt, later to the first free trade unions (African Mineworkers union, AMU) of the African staffs. Gleichgesinnte create 1948 under Harry Nkumbula the predecessor a party of the Northern Rhodesian African national Congress (ANC).
1953 becomesthe two Rhodesien (today Zambia and Simbabwe) with Njassaland (today Malawi) to the Central African federation unites, however among other things by the resistance of the ANC (strongly supported by Tonga in the south) and the again created, more energetic, more strongly United supported by the northern BembaNational Independence party (UNIP) under Kenneth Kaunda 1963 dissolves. The country receives internal autonomy, Kaunda wins with its UNIP the elections and becomes a president.
After the dismissal into independence to 24. October 1964 turns out for Zambia (see there) by the UN sanctionsagainst independently of the white Farmern under Ian the Smith for explained (south), -, (despite promising beginnings) a corrupting one-party system strengthens Rhodesien (which cuts its export routes to it off) and the fall of the copper prices into economic emergencies by nationalizations 1968 and. Despite enormous national debt president becomes Kaundabut only 1990 voted out.