November rebellion

the November rebellion -- also cadet rebellion mentioned -- the first larger rebellion was that Poland after the Viennese congress, that had the independence of Poland as a goal.

The history of Poland is Polish between the Viennese congress 1814/15 and the remechanism of a state after the First World War by the fight for the recovery of „liberty and independence “and by the transformation of the aristocracy nation to the conditionless, linguistically determined national community coined/shaped.

The first carriers of the November rebellion 1830 /31 was not the political Führungsschicht of the kingdom, but a relatively small group of juvenile conspirators, particularly among the cadets of the Warsaw wo1 school, among them also the young Ludwik Mieroslawski, which should play an important role with later rebellions, not only in Poland. One of the mental leaders was the most important historian of Poland, Joachim Lelewel, which occurred first the Polish national government and a late president of the Polish national committee in the emigration became.

Unclear conceptions of intention and process of the rebellion and sharp contrasts between the individual political directions formed from the outset a heavy load for the success, while the military situation was initially not unfavorable. But particularly due to the non-uniformness in the farmer question the November rebellion was doomed to failure. In the May condition the interests of the farmers were considered keinenfalls (the farmers formed the largest layer of Poland and for the success of the rebellion would have been indispensable). The farmer remained further in his Feudalsystem imprisoned. The preservation of the Feudalsystems demanded the Magnaten (the high aristocracy), while other groups of aristocracy wanted to win the farmers for the rebellion. Result of these conflicts remained nevertheless the Feudalabhängigkeit of the farmer. Due to this not mastered solution of the farmer question the farmers did not take part to the November rebellion and herein are the substantial cause for the failure of the rebellion to be seen high-motivated.

The first phase of the rebellion, that before the originally set date in the evening 29. November 1830 broke out, ran despite some organizational lack and misses favorably for the insurgent ones. It did not succeed to be murdered as planned, the large prince Konstantin but this did not undertake anything with the Russian troops in Warsaw and zarentreu remains to Polish troop units, in order to strike down the rebellion immediately.

To 5. December explained itself the general Chlopicki as the dictator. It became in this function by to 18. December meeting Reichstag confirms, but to 17. January 1831 it laid down its office and Reichstag appointed the prince Radziwill the commander in chief and seized to 25. January the consequence-fraught resolution to explain „the dynasty of the Romanows for set off “. Thereupon the Russian army exceeded the border. In the bloody „undecided “ battle with Grochów to 25. February 1831 could the Polish army of the Russian still withstand, but to 26. May suffered the Polish army a heavy defeat with Ostrołęka. After a battle before the gates of Warsaw to 6. and 7. September had the city to 8. Septembers capitulate. Government and Reichstag led still another short shade existence outside of Warsaw, and parts of the army fought still into October, before they laid down the weapons in Prussian area, but were lost with the case of Warsaw each hope.


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