Nowosibirsk

Coat of arms map
Lage in Russland
base data
state: Russia
federation circle: Siberia
federation subject: Oblast Nowosibirsk
kind of municipality:
Surface: 500 km ²
inhabitants: 1.419.007 (computation 2005)
population density: 2,838 Einwohner/km ²
height: 177 meters and. NN
postal zip codes:
Telephone preselection: +7-383
Geographical situation:
Kfz characteristic: 54
city arrangement:
Address
of the city administration:
Official Website:
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor:
List of the cities in Russia

Nowosibirsk (Russian Новосибирск, to 1926 Nowonikolajewsk) is the largest city Sibiriens and the third biggest city of Russia. Nowosibirsk is in the Oblast Nowosibirsk to whether and because of the Trans-Siberian railway. The city has 1.4 millions Inhabitant and 1893 at a bridge over the whether was created.

In the region Nowosibirsk transfers it today to six bridgesthe enormous river of the whether, which is broad here partly nearly 1 km and flows by the south northward.

The Urzelle of the city developed 1893 in consequence of the establishment of the Trans-Siberian railway. The settlement was called first Nowaja Derewnja(New village), Gussewka, Kriwoschekowski, Alexandrowski, Nowo Nikolaewski, until it received 1903 with municipal rights the name Nowonikolajewsk (after the name of the last Zaren Russia). 1925 were renamed the city in Nowosibirsk.

Überblicksfoto von Nowosibirsk mit Ob
Overview photo of Nowosibirsk with whether

table of contents

Verwaltung

Nowosibirsk ist in 10 Distriktedivided:

  • Lenin ski (Ленинский, links whether side)
  • Kirowski (Кировский, links whether side)
  • Sajelzowski (Заельцовский, right whether side)
  • Schelesnodoroschny (Железнодорожный, right whether side)
  • Dserschinski (Дзержинский, right whether side)
  • Zentralny (Центральный, right whether side)
  • Oktjabrski (Октябрьский, right whether side)
  • Kalininski (Калининский, right whether side)
  • Perwomaiski (Первомайский, right whether side)
  • Soviet ski (Советский, right whether side)

the university graduate city Akademgorodok ranks among the Soviet ski district. A second scientific center, Krasnoobsk, into which above all agricultural institutes their, Lies close Nowosibirsk has seat, is however not not part of the city.

traffic

Nowosibirsk possesses an international airport (Tolmatschewo), an urban airport (Gorodskoj aero haven) (only flights into the northern taiga), an inland port, a bus station and is critical pointfor the Trans-Siberian railway. The Metro Nowosibirsk, which was opened 1985 and is still developed, consists of 2 lines, which over-cross in the city centre and altogether eleven stations count; in addition there is a streetcar net and an city-own Trolley bus - system. The most important traffic route is however the bus traffic, with which one can reach suburbs such as Akademgorodok and Kolzovo during the day. The traffic route of Nowosibirsk is outstanding for Siberian conditions.

economics

Nowosibirsk is one the most important industrie andCenters of science of Russia.

In Nowosibirsk the following industries could be established over history:

Armaments industry, aircraft construction, mechanical engineering (work „Sibelektrotjaschmasch “), building of agricultural machineries (work „Sibselmasch “), metallurgy (black and multicolored metallurgy), electro-technology and electronics, chemical and pharmaceutical industry, easy and foodstuffs industry, building materials.

The Stomversorgung of Nowosibirsk takes placeamong other things by the hydro-electric power plants of the environment, in particular the hydro-electric power plant of the whether artificial lake. Furthermore several coal-fired power stations supply the city with river and warmth. The current supply represented a large problem of the town with millions of inhabitants at Soviet times and is today still occasional inProblem. Likewise the power suppliers Nowosibirsks represent a large polluting factor.

history

the history of Nowosibirsk stands in close historical connection with the development Westsibiriens and the building of the Trans-Siberian railway.

Alexander III. began in the late 19. Century with the building of the Trans-Siberian railway (1890-1900), in order to ensure an internal traffic facility for the connection of the Siberian region with their wealth at Bodenschätzen at Moscow and west Russia. The connection should at the old city Kolywan the river whethercross, however the plans were changed, so that the bridge was established at the small village Kriwoschokowo. Since for this a great many Eisenbahnarbeiter were necessary, fast the settlement Nowonikolajewsk developed directly in the proximity of the bridge. The name stands in relationshipto Zar Nikolaus II.. The official Gründungsdatum is the Grundsteinlegung of the bridge with a service to 20. May 1893. In the spring 1897 the bridge for traffic was opened, the station with infrastructure existed already. There the surroundingSettlements this possibility fast for the transport of their goods over larger distances used, extended them appreciably and grew themselves to a large city. Nowonikolajewsk had at this time already 7,800 inhabitants. In December 1903 Nowonikolajewsk got the official status asCity. Including the population of the environment the city had already 22,000 inhabitants.1906 were created the first Siberian bank in Nowonikolajewsk. 1915 was it already 5 banks. The city the financial and commercial centre of the region became fast. 1907 got itall rights to autonomy awarded. The number of inhabitants amounted to in the meantime 47.000. Briefly before the October Revolution the city had already 80,000 inhabitants and was the largest industrial city, which was not industrially developed alone in the agrarian sector, with more than 40 schools, cinema, oneUniversity, one dockyard and more than 8 churches.1917 took over workers and soldier the city. Nowonikolajewsk was conquered an important strategic point for the army Koltschaks (500,000 soldiers) in civil war unrests, however 1919 by the Red Army. ThoseBridge was destroyed, and the city suffered from the consequences of the civil war.Cholera, typhoid fever and other epidemic diseases cost thousand the life. Nowonikolajewsk was in the start time difficult for the USSR one of the few cities, in those it at nothingwas missing.1921 was shifted under Lenin administrative mechanisms from Omsk to Nowonikolajewsk, and the city became the capital of the region. 1926 were renamed the city when desired the inhabitant in Nowosibirsk (freely „new Siberia translates “), as she is still called also today.Under Stalin the city changed and became mainly an industrial centre. As commercial centre it lost at meaning. Many of the new branches of industry had their emphasis in the agrarian sector. During the hunger period 1932 - 33 came more than 170,000 refugees to Nowosibirskand established themselves in Slums at the edge of the city, which are today large quarters. Between 1940 - 42 was shifted more than 50 industrielle manufacturing plants from west Russia to Nowosibirsk, and the city became a arms center of the Red Army.More than 140,000 refugees were temporarily in the city. Between 1915 and 1945 more than 26 military hospitals in Nowosibirsk developed. Nowosibirsk became the main traffic junction Sibiriens as connection between west and east. 1943 became the Siberian department of the academythe sciences in Nowosibirsk opens. Starting from this time Nowosibirsk is also the most important education place Sibiriens. 1954 were built the streetcar, for Nowosibirsk had 287,000 inhabitants. 1955 the main bridge over the whether, „the local never bridge “, was built.

1957 became the whether artificial lake (1070 km ² surface, 8.8 billion m ³ pilot contents) for the purpose of the power generation (1687 million a KW/H in the annual average) built. This entailed, to which already by the strong industrialization caused, further environmental problems. Erosion, due to more destroyed (more flooded) forests, floodings and floods arose.On the banks of the whether artificial lake became also 1957 Akademgorodok, which establish city of the science, (approx. 30 km south of the city centre) and center of the Siberian department of the Academy of Sciences became. There 14 research establishments and universities developed within shortest time,quasi a new city. Beginning of the 60's reached Nowosibirsk a size of more than millions inhabitants. 1979 were begun, opened with the building of the Metro the first line 1985.

culture

the cultural lifeNowosibirsks takes place mainly in the theatres, under which the probably most well-known academic opera and ballet theatre are. Regularly the theatres and artist of the city are distinguished with the renowned Russian theatre price golden mask. Thus that received in the year 2004Opera and ballet theatre Nowosibirsk the golden mask for the piece “from the life of an idiot” for the best production in the category opera. In the year 2005 several golden mask was lent to it again - for the production of the “Aida”, itsDirector Dmitri Tschernjakow and the artist Irina Makarowa. The youth theatre globe received the golden mask for the production “double seduction” (“Двойноенепостоянство”) in the year 2004 and its Hauptdarstellerin Olga zinc as an actress received likewise a golden mask. In the year 2005the moreover one the music comedy for the piece was distinguished “some liking hot” with the golden mask.

There is a local history museum as well as a relatively new museum of history and culture of the peoples in Nowosibirsk Sibiriens. The geological and zoo-logical museum Nowosibirsksworld fame enjoys.

Nowosibirsk is the cultural center Sibiriens and an important location of theatre and music in Russia. The professional theatres in Nowosibirsk recruit their members of the famous „Glinka “, the state conservatoire, of the ballet school and the theatre school in Nowosibirskand the Musikkolleg. Internationally famous also the academic symphony orchestra of the national Philharmonic Concert Halls of Nowosibirsk, led other groups of music at that from professor Arnold Katz, is who was appointed 1994 „the man of the yearly “and 1998 the state price of Russia received, under 13National Philharmonic Concert Halls of Nowosibirsk, based at the 1. January 1937. A further characteristic of Nowosibirsk is the playing the violin school, which brought international sizes out such as Anton Barachowski, Wadim Repin and Igor Konowalow.

The world-well-known art gallery in Nowosibirsk is a Mekka for art lovers. The collectioncontain a large selection of international art, over 6000 exhibits in the museum issued among other things an extensive one with works of Nicholas Roerich.

numerous

certifications of the socialist classicism, so for example that can show objects of interest the cityOpera house, the enormous Lenin statue, the city hall, set up on its free area, the Lenin house and many more. In addition among the objects of interest Nowosibirsks rank at the beginning 20. Century builds representative buildings like the station in the center of the city, one for the largest its kindin Russia; the Kunstgallerie, the urban local history museum as well as the house of the officers, as well as numerous churches.

The Nowosibirsker sees a small chapel, which was considered as center of the Russian Zarenreiches, in the center as well as the first two bridges over the whether (railway bridge as well asKommunalnyi Most) as most important objects of interest of the city on. The restored Alexander Newski cathedral inspires furthermore tourists.

24

(with branches of universities from other cities 34) universities exist education in Nowosibirsk at the today's time. In Nowosibirsk is likewise thatlarge conservatoire situiert, and here the seat of the Siberian section of the Academy of Sciences of Russia exists.

educational facilities

universities

Universities of
  • faculty of the national commercial university Moscow
  • branch of the national University of Tomsk
  • Siberian one National university for telecommunications and computer science Ofizielle side
  • Siberian one national university for traffic facility official side
  • national agrarian university Nowosibirsk official side
  • national one educational University of Nowosibirsk official side
  • national one technical University of Nowosibirsk official side
  • national University of Nowosibirsk official side
  • national university forArchitecture and building industry Nowosibirsk official side
academies
  • Siberian one national geodesy academy official side
  • national academy for architecture and art Nowosibirsk official side
  • national academy for medicine Nowosibirsk official side
  • national academy for economics and administration Nowosibirsk
  • Siberian academyfor government service official side
  • national academy for water way traffic Nowosibirsk official side
of institutes
  • Institut for social rehabilitation of the national technical University of Nowosibirsk
  • Militärinstitut Nowosibirsk
  • Militärinstitut of the ministry of the Interior Nowosibirsk
  • national M. - I. - Glinka conservatoire Nowosibirsk official side
  • technological Institut Nowosibirsk of the national ones Academy for light industry Moscow
non-governmental universities
  • branch of the institute for employers and right Moscow
  • branch of the economic-legal institute Tomsk
  • spirit-scientific Institut Nowosibirsk official side
  • Institut for economics and management Nowosibirsk official side
  • Institut for economics, psychology andQuite Nowosibirsk official side
  • classical Institut Nowosibirsk
  • new one Siberian University of official page
  • Russian-German University of
  • Siberian one independent Institut official side
  • Siberian university of the consumer-cooperative official side
  • Siberian Institut for financial and banking official side
  • Siberian Institut for international relations and region customer Official side
  • technological Institut Nowosibirsk of the national University of Moscow for Design and technologies

of sons and daughters of the city

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Coordinates: 54° 59 ′ 20 " n. Break, 82° 54 ′ 15 " o. L.

 

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