ORF

of these articles treats the Austrian broadcast, for open reading frame sees open
Firmenlogo

and/or. Bild:orflogo.gif

Information
receipt: terrestrial, cables & DVB-S
of countries: Austria, South Tyrol

frontiers of surrounding states terrestrial
ORF 2 Europe over DVB-S European-wide

entrepreneurial group of: ORF
business guide: Monika Lindner
Erstausstrahlung: 1. August 1955
program type: {{{PT}}}
imprint

Austrian broadcast
1136 Vienna
Peppering castle lane 30
Telephone: 01 87878-0
Hotline: 01 87070-30

ORF.at

list of the television stations

the Austrian broadcast (ORF) is a donation of the public right. It is the largestMedium offerer of Austria and has its head office in Vienna. Besides the ORF in each of the nine Lands of the Federal Republic ( thus also in Vienna) operates a regional studio as well as since 1975 a Studio in Bozen (South Tyrol). The ORF produces three television programs, threecountry wide as well as nine regional radio programs. The ORF is Genossenschafter of the Austria press agency.

Table of contents

history and legal bases

the history of the ORF decreases/goes back on the radio of traffic AG (RAVAG) , to 30. September 1924 were created. 1938 were liquidated it and subordinated to the German realm Reich ( starting from 1939 largeGerman broadcast) as realm transmitter Vienna. To end of war 1945 in each zone of occupation own programs were sent. (See occupied postwar Austria). 1955 became these as Austrian round saying nature united, 1958 developed those Austrian broadcast total one. m. b. H..

Basis for the establishment of the ORF in its current form was the first Austrian referendum in the year 1964, which aimed at a reform of the broadcast nature. InConsequence was decided 1966 the broadcast law, at the 1. Jänner 1967 into force stepped.

The broadcast law sees and. A. a legally embodied order for education forwards. The ORF is a public transmitter, to which fees are to be paid. These differ fromLand of the Federal Republic to Land of the Federal Republic, because the federal state governments break differently high deliveries open. Together with these the ORF fees between 17,18 ( € upper Austria and Vorarlberg ) and 21.88 ( € Steiermark) amount to in the month. Further the Federal law sees over the Austrian broadcast§4. (1), 1. forwards that if possible all humans in Austria are reached, thus that as surface covering a receipt as possible is to be ensured.

In addition the law plans also a increased ready-to-transmit-state, so that particularly in the information area increased safety conditions and self-sufficient systemslike emergency power supplies, and. A. prevail, since such transmissions must be sent also in the disaster or to other cases of crisis, which does not apply with a private transmitter.

1993 were waived the radio monopoly of the ORF by the regional radio law. Since that time itself the broadcast programs must the ORF against commercial competition state. The ORF is however further in several respects favoured in relation to the private competition. Also the advertisement radiated on the ORF television provided for Ö3 quite often for criticism, there the private Radiosendern such advertising measures from cost reasonsare to a large extent refused. Since the entry into force of the new ORF law at the 1. Jänner 2002 is no more permitted the ORF applying its radio programs in the television and turned around (so-called „CROSSes graduation “). Only transmission references neutrally held are permissible.

1997 became inVienna a radio museum and the radio cultural center opens.

The today's Logo, which two red eyes, a round electronic and an oval human eye represent, was sketched by Erich Sokol.

The ORF always takes part humanitarian actions. Largest the theseActions are light in the darkness and neighbour in emergency.

On-line offer of the ORF belonged to the usually visited Internet sides of Austria.

director

ORF-Generaldirektorin Monika Lindner
ORF Generaldirektorin Monika Lindner

the general manager for five years and is however managing director of the total enterprise is selected.Since 1. Jänner 2002 is Monika Lindner general directress. Each ORF regional studio is led by a national director.

Former positions of general managers and general managers (the designation of the institute boss reads in such a way since the ORF reform in the year 2001) and its predecessors:

from 1967 to 1974 was the later Viennese mayor Helmut Zilk director of television program of the ORF.

television

of programs

of the ORF produces the following television programs:

since October 2005 is the ORF after the complete assumption of the tourism, and sport transmitter TW1 in the possession of a third television station. Together with pool of broadcasting corporations, Second Channel of German Television and SRG CSSR idée suisse is thatORF also at the culture channel 3sat and at the transmitter BR-alpha takes part.

advertisement

ORF 1 and ORF 2 have a higher advertising portion than for instance the German öffenltich legal institutes first and Second Channel of German Television. An advertising prohibition after 20:00 clock as well asat sunning and holidays, like in Germany, it does not give for the ORF.

Advertisement is shown between two transmissions, however in principle no transmission with an advertising break may be interrupted. Transmissions, those are excluded from this regulation in its dramaturgy one, About soccer games and other sport transmissions have interruption. This regulation is interpreted very generous and used by the ORF however. Thus the institute changed into the last years in addition, self-produced main evening shows such as Dancing of star into several parts to separate andto call this independent transmissions, in order to be allowed to play between them Trailer and advertisement.

The adherence to the advertising times is supervised and - regulations by the radio and Telekom adjustment company (RTR), those the Office of the Federal Chancellor subordinated is and from this in agreementwith the BMVIT one administers.

The ORF finances itself to approximately 37 per cent from advertisement, 56 per cent of the incomes comes from the broadcast fees. In the past years the ORF had to accept a substantial decrease of the advertising funds, to onesubstantial part into the Austria advertising windows of German private stations flowed.

here technology and

ORF-Zentrum am Küniglberg in Wien (erbaut 1968-1975 von Roland Rainer) Hier werden hauptsächlich Radio-Programme ausgestrahlt.
receipt ORF center at the Küniglberg in Vienna (1968-1975 of Roland build Rainer) are radiated mainly radio programs.

At first there was only one television program. The first television broadcast becameat the 1. August 1955 radiated. Since 1954 there were already attempt transmissions. Crew powers prevented however a regular enterprise, by additional purchase prohibition, for example from cameras. Thus the first three cameras from different other parts were built provisionally in the own house. Of thatAt first the television no large future was prophesied to politicians. One sees that for example to the Proporzbesetzung of the directors. Thus Federal Chancellor Julius Raab lodged a complaint the ÖVP belonging director for sound broadcasting, while he left the television director of the SPÖ.

After startthe first television channel was added the technical test program by the hour, to finally first than FS1 and FS2, later than ORF 1 and ORF of 2 around the clock programs were radiated. Since 1969 the ORF sends its programs in colorafter the PAL - system. The first transmission radiated in color was the New Year concert of the Viennese Philharmonics at the 1. Jänner 1969.

The ORF television was local in 12. Viennese municipality district Meidling in a former school accommodated. Some transmissions became from thatStudio Ronacher transfer. Subsequently, also from the empty-standing ape house zoo was sent of the Schönbrunn, until the today's house at the Küniglberg was built, where as extension of the 1938 established Flak barracks Küniglberg a radar facility was planned originally.

Until 2000 television became exclusive terrestrial and similarly radiated. The ORF transfers terrestrial its radio and TV programs with 1.792 transmitters at 477 locations. Since 2001 the ORF sends ASTRA 1H (DVB , DVB-S) also digitally over the satellite. Since 1. April 2004 a pilot attempt with terrestrial, digital television in Graz (DVB-T) runs. Apart from the testing of the receipt situation thereby also interactive services are tested by means of MHP. In September 2006 the radiant emittance of the programs ORF1+2 in the state capitals of Austria is according to medium reportsbegin. Already 2007 are to come it to first disconnections of the similar signal of these transmitters in the state capitals, and promote the acquisition of the DVB-T Tuner.

For DAB there is a pilot plant in Vienna and Tirol, around the possibilities of digitalTo test radio.

The enterprise of the transmitting plants takes place via at the 1. Jänner 2005 created subsidiary ORS Austrian broadcasting stations GmbH. The ORF holds at this enterprise 60% of the portions, 40% holds the Raiffeisen daughter Medicur.

ORF 1 is only in Austria, South Tyrol and areas close to the border (z. B. To receive Bavaria), since it is unencrypted radiated only terrestrial and over cables. Over satellite it is coded radiated.

ORF 2 becomes as ORF 2 Europe daily by 06:00 clock to00:20 clock, with exception of transmissions for European-wide broadcasting rights available are not unencrypted radiated over Astra .

TW1 is completely unencrypted radiated only over Astra, but.

on screen Design (corner graphics)

the ORF has its on screen Design one“Updates” submitted: In order to avoid a burning of the Logos in plasma panels, the transmitter identification - in the picture on the top right - is now no longer green for ORF 1 and/or red for ORF 2 colored, but uniformly grey. Also the Trailer ofORF 2 was slightly amended; instead of the red cube also “more abgeschlankter” a Kubus with white number in the Programmtrailer is to be seen to gold-yellow of two now. In addition is the so-called “brick”, at the beginning of the nineties by Neville Brody sketched the current ORF Logo, asRoof mark strengthens in the center.

Further the ORF marks certain transmissions for the protection of young people:

  • With a “X” to the left of the ORF Logo (not under 16).
  • With a “O” to the left of the ORF Logo (not under 18).

The musical Design (sound Identity) of ORF1 was arranged by the composer Hannes Bertolini, for the sound Identity of ORF 2 has responsibility the composer Thomas Rabitsch.

important transmissions

ORF-Text
ORF text

message:

culture and history:

  • Meeting place culture
  • of documents

Infotaiment:

science and technology:

show:

series:

other one:

  • Weather panorama

thatORF Kinderprogramm runs mostly in the morning and on weekend in the ORF 1, under the name Confetti TiVi and sends partially ORF own productions like e.g. the interactive child crime film series of Tom turbo of Thomas Brezina.

Director/conductor of the ORF TV information, and thus gentleman over time inPicture, report, topic, Eco and other realigning and information transmissions, are editor-in-chief Werner grumble.

sound broadcasting

radio house building in the Argentinierstrasse in Vienna. Mainly radio programs are radiated from here.

The ORF produces the following radio programs:

  • Ö1 is advertising-free Kultursender with aufwändig produced message journals.
  • CO2 consists of nine regionally radiated radio programs, which concentrate thematically in each case on a Land of the Federal Republic:
    • Radio Vienna
    • radio Lower Austria
    • radio upper Austria
    • radio castle country
    • radio Salzburg
    • radio Steiermark
    • radio Tirol (also radiated in South Tyrol)
    • Radio Vorarlberg
    • radio Kärnten
into the 1990er years the ORF Regionalradios was converted to format radios with emphasis on people and folk music, hit, Oldies and superhit. Their target audience lies at the group of 35+, where they are clear market leader.
  • Hit radio Ö3„a Contemporary is hit radio (CHR) “with emphasis on current Popmusik in very close rotation. Ö3 is the most successful Austrian radio program with approximately 3 million daily listeners. The transmission usually-belonged is daily „the Ö3-Wecker “from 5 - 9 o'clock, on Saturdayof 6 - 10 o'clock.
  • FM4 is specialized in alternative Popmusik, trends and scene reports. The daily program of 1.00 o'clock to 14,00 o'clock is radiated on English; Messages are sent changing on English, German and French - here are Remainders of the internationally oriented transmitter Blue Danube radio, to that on this frequency would originally send and in the 90's-years gradually adjusted and/or. from FM4 one replaced. Due to the unusual music selection and missing appropriate offers of German Radiosender FM4 is also in South Germany likes.
  • Radio 1476 is a special program of the ORF for Vienna, which is radiated on medium wave on the frequency 1476 kHz by the location Bisamberg with Vienna with a transmitting power by 60 KW.

Besides radio would send Austria international on short wave, over satellite and in the Internet world-wide. From cost reasons became at the 1. July 2003 the independent program of radio Austria international by the program of Ö1 replaces and the transmitters in radio Austria 1 international renamed.

Internet

Since 1997 supplies its own subsidiary, the Teletext production to GmbH with. The product ORF.at became by the large Community the usually-visited news page of Austria.

moderators

other

common with the press shorten thatORF annually since 2004 earned personalities from the categories science, economics and humanity to Austrian of the yearly. Since 1990 each year of the courier becomes the golden Romy in memories of the Austrian actress Romy cutter of the most popular ones and best ones television ones and film-creative lent. The Romy is meanwhile one of the most important German television prices.

see also

to literature

  • Gerhard friend: Television, near seen. European publishing house, Vienna 1961
  • Viktor suppl. ore: 50 years broadcast in Austria. (3 Bde.) residence publishing house, Salzburg 1974, ISBN 3701701199 and/or.
  • Viktor suppl. ore, light courage Andics, Robert Kriechbaumer: The history of the Austrian broadcast. (4 Bde.), Hg. of the Austrian broadcast
  • Franz Ferdinand wolf: 25 years ORF. 1975-2000., Residence publishing house, Salzburg 2001
  • Haimo Godler, Manfred Jochum, pure hard Schlögl, Alfred driver (Hgg.): From the steam radio to the sound wallpaper. Contributions to 80 years sound broadcasting in Austria. Böhlau publishing house, Vienna 2004, ISBN 3205772393
  • briefly Tozzer, Martin Majnaric: Attention transmission. Ueberreuter, Vienna, 2005, ISBN 3800070901
  • Thaddäus Podgorski: The large illusion. Bibliophile edition, Vienna 2005

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