Upper Austria

upper Austria
national flag Landeswappen
Landesflagge Landeswappen
Base data
state capital: Linz
largest city: Linz
ISO 3166-2: AT-4
homepage: www.land-oberoesterreich.gv.at
map: Upper Austria in Austria
Österreich Karte (Oberösterreich)
politics
national captain: Josef Pühringer (ÖVP)
governing parties: Concentration government ÖVP, SPÖ and the Green;
Work convention ÖVPand the Green
allocation of seats in the federal state parliament
(56 seats):
ÖVP 25
SPÖ the 22
Greens 5
FPÖ 4
last choice: 28. September 2003
next choice: 2009
population
inhabitant: 1.376.797 (2001)
- rank: 3. of 9
population density: 116 Einwohner/km ²
Geografie
surface: 11.981, 92 km ²
- of it country: 11.718, 32 km ² (97.8%)
- of it water: 263.6 km ² (2.2%)
- rank: 4. of 9
geographical situation: 47° 27 ' - 48° 45 ' n. Break.
12° 44 ' - 14° 59 ' o. L.
Expansion: North south:approx. 145 km
west east: approx. 165 km
highest point: 2,995 m
high roof stone
deepest point: 239 m
Grein
administrative arrangement
of districts: 3 Statutarstädte
of 15 districts
of court districts: 28
municipalities: 445
- of it cities: 29
- of it market municipalities: 139
map: Upper Austria and districts

upper Austria (old name: Ore duchy Austria whether the Enns) is one of the nine Austrian Lands of the Federal Republic. It borders on Lower Bavaria in Germany, on Tschechien and on the Lands of the Federal Republic Lower Austria, Steiermark and Salzburg.With a surface of 11.981, 92 km ² and 1.3 million inhabitants is upper Austria fourth largest the Land of the Federal Republic of Austria (comparison to Vienna and Lower Austria with more inhabitants; to Steiermark, Tirol and Lower Austria with a larger surface).

Table of contents

history

king Ottokar II.from Böhmen separated the region in former times to the Steiermark belonging to ofthis off, arranged the whole area to „the Fürstenthum whether the Enns “out. The reliable historical researcher Julius Strnadt calls the year 1260 with historical probability birth year of the country whether the Enns. In the year 1264 the name Austria appears superior „upper Austria “or supra anasum - „whether the Enns appears “documentary and Konrad von Sumerau as „a land judge of the province upper Austria “

since 1490 attained it as partial principality “Austria whether the Enns” a certain Selbstständigkeit. Since this time the upper-Austrian conditions own federal state parliament heldin Linz. Beside gentlemen, knights and Prälaten thereby also the landesfürstlichen cities played an important role. Since 1530 the country of the reformation opened; 30 years later were by the majority Evangelist the upper Austrians. During the habsburgischen land division of 1564 upper Austria felltogether with Lower Austria and the böhmischen countries at emperors Maximilian II. After 1600 II. set among emperors Rudolf. and his successor Matthias the Gegenreformation. Therefore the upper-eastreached conditions were received 1619 an alliance with the böhmischen countries. The insurgent onesbecame by the troops of the Bavarian cure prince Maximilian on behalf emperors Ferdinands II. 1620 defeats. For some years upper Austria under Bavarian rule came. The Evangelist aristocracy had to convert or leave the country.

1779 came in peacetime of Te that beforeBavarian Innviertel to upper Austria. While the Napoleoni wars was several times occupied upper Austria. Salt citizen the country was out administered from 1814 to 1854 of the upper-Austrian state capital Linz. 1918 became the official national name upper Austria. One year after the connection of Austria onthe German Reich (13. March 1938) reached the 1. May 1939 in the area of upper Austria, under inclusion of the südböhmischen areas retired in accordance with resident of Munich agreement from Czechoslovakia, the realm gau “upper Danube” in an educated manner. After 1945 the re-establishment of upper Austria took place as Austrian Land of the Federal Republic.

Commons: Upper Austria - pictures, videos and/or audio files
Wikinews: Upper Austria - current messages
Wikisource: UpperAustrian national constitutional law - source texts

traditionally into four quarters are divided for administration upper Austria, the house jerk quarter, the Innviertel, the Mühlviertel and the trusting quarter.Nowadays it is usual, the range between the cities Linz, Eferding, Wels, to call Steyr and Enns central room. In addition a separation trusting quarters in salt chamber property and the region of the Pyhrn Eisenwurzen takes place.

According to the today's administrative organization arrangesitself the Land of the Federal Republic in 3 Statutarstädte and 15 political districts.

Upper Austria borders on a length of 321 km on Germany and Tschechien.

Statutarstädte

of districts

see also: Municipalities in upper Austria

important cities in upper Austria

Linz (state capital), Wels, Steyr, Leonding, Vöcklabruck, Gmunden, resounding place, Braunau at the Inn, Ried in the Innkreis, Enns, free city, tubing brook, bath Ischl, Traun, crowd thing, Ansfelden, Marchtrenk;

See also:

population

Population
development
date inhabitant
around 1527 335,000
around 1600 380,000
around 1700 450,000
1754 526,000
1780 601,000
1790 623,000
1800 626,000
1810 630,000
1821 651,911
1830 682,140
1840 699,324
1850 706,316
1857 707,450
1869 736,856
1880 760,091
1890 786,496
1900 810,854
1910 853,595
1923 876.698
1934 902,965
1939 927,583
1951 1.108.720
1961 1.131.623
1971 1.229.972
1981 1.269.540
1991 1.320.567
2001 1.376.700
2004 1.392.965

the largest religious community is the catholic church, to which approximately three quarters of the upper Austrians belong. Approx. 55,000 persons belong to the Evangelist churchon. Of after the census the 2001 altogether 1.376.797 inhabitants 7.2% are foreigners. From it 53.0% originate from former Yugoslavia, further larger groups educate Turkish and German citizens. In the Mühlviertel some 100 Sinti, those there already livesince the Middle Ages are to be found. The few profess themselves to their group of peoples.

The population numbers in accompanying table are based on the data of the Austrian office for statistics and are converted to the today's area conditions. The indicated numbers to 1700 became from official siderounded, and between 1754 and 1857 one counted the present civilian population. Starting from 1869 in ten-year distances censuses were held, with which until 1923 further the present civilian population was counted, and from 1934 to 1981 the resident population. The numbers of 1982to 2001 expels the population of annual average, whereby these numbers only 2002 were determined retroactively. Since 2002 main domiciles on basis centers of the Melderegisters are consulted for the population determination.

geology

northern of the Danube valley is the Böhmi mass (also BöhmiSubstantial one), the geologically oldest landscape of Austria. It consists in the western part of the Moldanubikum, in the eastern part of the Moravikum. The böhmische mass represents the base of threadbare former high mountains (basement called), that in the course of the variszischen Gebirgsbildung inPaläozoikum developed. Further remainders of this Gebirgsbildung in Central Europe are the German low mountain ranges. Sour Plutonite dominates such as granites and Gneise. Actually completely the threadbare mountains were folded again easy probably in the course of the alpidischen Gebirgsbildung, whereby itstoday's topography of a hill country results. Southern one of the variszischen mountain chain extended at that time the sea of the Thetys, which continued to increase when drifting apart the continental plates toward end of the Paläozoikums. Under tropical/subtropical conditions here those sediments became during the Mesozoikumsdeposited, then later, during the alpidischen Gebirgsbildung, which toward end of the chalk began, slid over and were northward transported (northern lime alps). While the alps rose first as island chain from the Thetys and continued to increase always, setin such a way at the same time an erosion process of the young mountains, which could not adjust however the fast measure of the elevation, and and continue to grow the alps until today grew. The northward transported material of the demolition became first inthe flat and ever more narrowly becoming arm of the Thetys between the alps in the south and the continent deposited in the north (would sea-mol-eat). Thus when elevation the alps persist at the same time and nortwärts arranged movement of the African plate the arm of the sea was filled up (would fresh water-mol-eat)and developed the today's picture of the geological three-division of upper Austria into the Böhmi mass in the north, which would mol-eat (also: Tertiary period hill country, thus the klastischen sediments of the erosion in the alps) in the center and the northern lime alps in the south. Inthe Trias developed lime for instance in the roof stone/resound-corrode-suppl.-offered is rich at fossils. Special discovery sites for Ammoniten are west the roof stone (easternmost north alpine glacier) convenient the mountains around Gosau.


The salt oh glacier

that our Holozän preceding part of geologic history, thatQuart acre or ice age age, coined/shaped the today's landscape of upper Austria in the Alpine foreland and in the alps most clearly. It was this the time to today last large freezing up phase in the alps, in which the mountains to the largest parts ofIce masses was covered, which advanced with enormous glacier tongues far into the Vorland outside. Beside the trusting glacier the salt oh glacier advanced into today's upper Austria and exceeded this in size considerably. Fed of the ice masses of the central alps the glacier at least four rolledtimes (so the classical Quartärstratigraphie) by the salt oh valley and salt citizens the basin northward, in order to then spread into a branched, fan-like system at side glaciers.

Varia

from the old name of upper Austria - country whether the Enns -in the Hungarian beginning cliche of fairy tales developed. As in German most fairy tales with “was once…” begin, stand at the beginning of the Hungarian fairy tales usually “Messzi, messzi földön, még az operencián is túl " (in a far, farCountry, beyond of “whether the Enns”). Also occurs in fairy tales again and again “operenciai more tenger” (the obderennsische sea), thus are the seas in the salt chamber property meant.


Topografie

mountains

roof stone massif, hell mountains, Sengsengebirge, Dead mountains

so

for instance Almsee, Attersee, the Gosauseen, Hallstätter lake, erring lake , Langbathsee , moon lake, open lake, trusting lake and Wolfgang lake are appropriate for lakes practical everything of the large upper-Austrian seas in the salt chamber property ,

rivers

Alm, Aschach, Danube, Enns, Inn, Krems, large Mühl, small Mühl, Naarn, Steyr, Traun, Aist, Antiesen, Trattnach

Web on the left of


 

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