objectivity is a characteristic, which can be attributed to the attitude of an observer or the description of a thing or an event. In the case of the description objectivity designates the agreement with the thing or the event without a valuation or a subjectiveDistortion, in the case of the observer the successful effort around such an agreement.

To table of contents

word origin and term demarcation

Substantiviert out “objective”,over French “objectif”, one can retrace the word up to latin “obiacere” (to face). Related terms are “value liberty”, “impartiality” or” neutrality “, Sachlichkeit, impartiality. Greatest possible switching off of feelings, prejudices and desires. Gegenbegriffe are “subjectivity “or “unilateral nature”.

Work on []

Objectivity of the research

designates a characteristic and a principle of the scientific research, which are directed toward it, in from their shown statements, theories, theses among other things to against-reflect the reality objectively.

A statement, theory among other things objectivity comes, if it in that Reality of circumstances gives, those independently of the statement, to theory among other things and that, which sets up it, are and in such a way procure are, like it in the statement, theory among other things one states.

In the broader sense one speaks of the objectivity of statements,Theories among other things, in order to express with it that for their list not subjective desires, opinions, inclinations, prejudices etc. considerably, but alone circumstances, on itself the statements, are theories among other things refer.

meaning meanings within different science ranges

  • Philosophy: Objectivity presupposes the philosophical realization of the separation of the object from the subject. Not all philosophical systems so e.g. make this separation. Johann God-dear Fichtes. For the philosophical classification of the objectivity see among other things: Theory of knowledge, subjectivism, realism
    • subjectivitythe objectivity (Abjektivität): One calls the form of theory of knowledge, after which only inter+subjective realization is possible, critical rationalism. The estimate of a thing or a condition as “objectively” is therefore based on the subjective estimate of the observer. Thus is not objectivitypossible, since it is exposed always to the subjective evaluation.
  • Natural sciences: The ideal objectivity cannot be achieved because of the subjective conditions of an observation. Scientists strive therefore instead intersubjectivity on.
  • Psychology and Psychometrie: In the empirically oriented psychologycommon definition of objectivity corresponds to the scientific aspect. With psychological tests objectivity in all phases is aimed at from execution to the evaluation. A test procedure is called standardized if the test result of a person regarding execution, the evaluationand the interpretation of the test situation and of the examiner is independent.
  • Social sciences: For Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels a “objective” realization independent of interests of class was inconceivable. “The thoughts of the dominant class „- write Marx and Engels in that German ideology - „the dominant thoughts are, D in each epoch. h. the class which the dominant material power of the society is, is at the same time their dominant mental power. The class, which has the means for material production for its order,disposed with it at the same time of the means for mental production, so that you thereby the thoughts of those, which the means go off for mental production, are subjected on the average at the same time. “The suitability of a scientific theory does not however only hang according to Marx of itstarting from to what extent the scientist it is able itself to solve from his Klassenvoruteilen to. More importantly still it is that the used categories themselves are reflected as historically caused. For the sociologist max of weber, which answers its self understanding after to Marx and Nietz,there, laid down in its famous essay of 1904, are “none absolutely “objective” scientific analysis of the culture life or… the “social features””. ([1] S.49) realization of culture procedures happens in the “individually constituted [n] reality of the life” as a function of “value ideas” and is “always a realization under specifically besonderten criteria”. ([1] S.61f.) with Jürgen Habermas are called such value ideas “realization-leading interests”. ([2]) their disclosure steps to the place of the no longer possible objectivity. Exemplarily one demonstrates e.g. of Hans Ulrich Wehler in the introductionits “German [n] society history”. ([3] S.12ff.)
  • system theory: For did not NIC-read Luhmann are objectivity and subjectivity contrasts, but similar terms in different systems. Is objective, which in the communication system (= society) works satisfactorily, is subjective, which itself in detail consciousness system (roughly spoken:in the head of humans) works satisfactorily. Consciousness systems can consider objective then “subjectively, which works satisfactorily in communication, while communication marginalisiert for its part non--agreement-able as subjective”. ([4] S.19)
  • semiotic: According to the semiotic model of Charles of Sanders Peirce is Objectivity the indication object, which is understandable never as pure object, since it is subject on the one hand to our human understanding always the interpretation and on the other hand for us inseparably with the medium (publication form), which it to us Interpretanten leads, is connected.
  • Tool sneezing tablesBeginnings: Criticize tool NIST inside that as condition was considered to the objectivity of researchers to refrain from the own person.Sandra Harding however demands for its concept “objectivity” that the “social Situiertheit” (Donna Haraway) of the searching person referred in the research conceptwill must. With the concept “objectivity” goes it identifying “social causes of good convictions.” ([5] S. 166)


see also

Wikiquote: Objectivity - quotations

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)