Open brook at the Main
|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Hessen|
|surface:||44.90 km ²|
|inhabitants:||119.233 (31. March 2005)|
|Foreigner portion:||31.1% (conditions: 31.12.2005)|
|Population density:||2,669 inhabitants for each km ²|
|height:||97 m - 166 m and.NN|
|postal zip codes:||63001 - 63075 (old: 6050)|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 50° 06 ' N, 08° 46 ' O 50° 06 ' N, 08° 46 ' O
|municipality key:||064 13 000|
|GROOVE - region:||DE713|
|city arrangement:||9 quarters|
of the city administration:
| Berlin road 100|
63065 open brook at the Main
|official web page:||www.offenbach.de|
|mayor:||Refuge cutter (SPD)|
|governing parties:||FWG, SPD, the Green|
open brook at the Main is with 119.233 inhabitants (conditions: 31.03.2006) one of the largest cities in the Rhine Main area. It is the fifth-largest city. The city is an important industrie, service and an exhibition booth place. Here finds several times in the yearthe international leather goods fair instead of. Due to the unfavorable economic development of the city it forms also a social focus in the region.
The next larger city is Frankfurt/Main bordering directly west. Open brook at the Main forms one of the nineUpper centers of the country Hessen. The number of inhabitants of the city open brook at the Main exceeded 1954 the border of 100.000, whereby it became the large city.
Article with purchase to open brook collects the portal: Frankfurt Rhine Main.
literature 19 Web on the left of [work on] Geografie open brook the upper wheel and Saxonia living south in the Rhine Main area in Hessen because of the southern bank of the Main opposite Frankfurt quarters eastend and. This situation means,that the two large cities meanwhile a coherent settlement area form. The brooks Bieber and shark brook flow through the city. Open brook is because of the hessian apple wine and fruit meadow route.
neighbour municipalities and - circles
open brook borders in the west and the north to thosecircle-free city Frankfurt/Main, in the northeast to the city Main valley (Main Kinzig circle), in the east to the cities Mühlheim at the Main and Obertshausen (both circle open brook), as well as in the south to the cities hay trunk and new Isenburg (both circleOpen brook).
the city of open brook at the Main is divided into the quarters Bieber, Bürgel, city center, Kaiserlei, loud fount, Lohwald, rose height, Rumpenheim and temple lake. The quarters are partial into further statisticDistricts with own name partitions.
The statistic districts with their official number:
- 11 university for organization
- 12 William school
- 13 hall
- 14 Kaiserlei
- 15 leather museum
- 16 Mathildenschule
- 21 urban hospitals
- 22 loud fount
- 23 Friedrichsweiher
- 24 brook school
- 25 light plate
- 26 Bieberer mountain
- 31 front forest rose height
- 32 temple lake
- 33 Bieber
- 41 Mühlheimer road
- 42 forest home
- 43 Bürgel
- 44 Rumpenheim
open brook is an establishment from the time after the Frankish handing hurrying of 561. The place name hasfor this time a typical ending up - brook and stands in connection with the family name Ovo. From that 6. or 7. Century is south the oldest local centre at the forest route a Frankish row cemetery received.
Among many inhabitants two circulatefurther theories about the origin of the place name. The one say the fact that open brook therefore has its name that here the Main formed in former times a ford and therefore in the winter did not freeze over (open brook --> Open brook). The second main theory means,that open brook its name due to its formerly large furnace in the proximity of the brook has (furnace at the brook --> OF (f) enBach). Over the years an additional “f” would thus have in-crept.
the Middle Ages
the first documentary mention over the city open brook at the Main originate from the year 977. Emperor Otto II. records a donation in open brook to the Salvatorkirche (the later cathedral) in Frankfurt. In former times was open brook part Main gau and the surrounding forests belonged to the game spell three-calibrates. This maintained one in open brook also its 30 game strokes.From the Middle Ages to 1819 open brook was part of the Biebermark.
Open brook changes the owner in the course of the centuries several times. One of the first owners were the Mr. von Hagen Münzenberg, who vögte the possession from the time of its office as realmthat three-calibrate inherited. After becoming extinct the Münzenberger 1255 the Mr. von Falkenstein inherited the village at the Main. 1372 were pawned to open brook by count Philipp von Falkenstein for 1000 guldens to the advice of the city Frankfurt. Werner III. of falcon stone, Archbishop of Trier and as Falkensteiner national gentleman in open brook, let a lock build around 1400 at the Main and coin/shape coins. The city Frankfurt felt provocative thereby and protests against it.
as Werner died was thoseFalkensteiner in the man trunk expired, and their possession fell to different noble families. Only 1486 could be established under inheriting count Ludwig von Isenburg as exclusive owners of open brook. Open brook served the aristocracy sex under count Reinhard von Isenburg Bierstein as residence.They let the Isenburger lock establish. 1559 were inserted into open brook the reformation. During the dreissigjährigen war the Bavarian crew of open brook was driven out 1631 of Sweden and in the lock the surrender of the realm city Frankfurt von König Gustav Adolf against taken.
1698 accepted count Johann Philipp of Isenburg huguenot refugees in the place, it created its own municipality, west the existing. Thus the village open brook grew to a so-called. “Marks” on. This western part developed in the course 18.Century of the so-called. “Marks” to the noblen city. The Huguenots understood something at the time at that time about tobacco processing - an absolute market gap in the first half 18. Century.
Under the rigide guild rule in Frankfurt, Manufakturen could hardly be established there.The Manufakturisten moved away over the national border at that time after open brook, where them from the trade-friendly to Isenburgern the so-called. “got regalium” granted.
The poet Goethe came 1775 regularly to open brook, since his engaged lily beautiful man lived here. In this timebegan the leather goods production and first industries and trade settled. 1794 were waived the body characteristic by prince Wolfgang Ernst von Isenburg. Catholics were allowed to celebrate 1798 for the first time since over 200 years service in open brook.
1800 invented Alois Senefelder, open brook most famous child, the photolithography. After the Viennese congress 1815 lost prince Carl von Isenburg because of its proximity to Napoleon its national rule. The city belonged at short notice to Austria, fell then howeverto the Grand Duchy of Hessen darmstadt. After the dissolution of the Biebermark 1819 the city received a portion of 1733 mornings areas between shark brook and today's border road. Since that time the city could expand also eastward. Before only was growth afterThe west toward Frankfurt or to the south possible.
Since itself Frankfurt refused stepping the customs union the fair business took place starting from 1828 for some years in open brook. As building for this the today's building of the German leather museum was established.
1832 became outden ehemaligen Landgerichtsbezirken Langen, Offenbach und Seligenstadt derKreis Offenbach gebildet. From now on open brook was district town (meanwhile is the TZE brook the district town of the circle open brook). A local railway after Frankfurt Saxonia living was furnished 1848. The station was at that time at the station route west of theCity centre. The today's citizens of Berlin road toward the west was at that time the railroad line.
Only 1873 were established the today's main station, which at that time far outside of the city in the south lay, and the remote line Frankfurt Bebra was taken in enterprise. Thus was the way toTraining of a heavy industry and the chemical industry (Clariant works) smoothed, whereby the city increased as never before in the following two decades as strongly.1896 were opened the Rodgaubahn after the castle. Later the Seitenast was added after the TZE brook .
1888 foundSource of welfare was designated after only 99 days the officiating emperor Friedrich III emperor Friedrich source. The water is not sold today no more than mineral waters, since it became too salty.
1900 to 1949
1908 became with Bürgel the first neighboring place in in common December. By this incorporation the area was given east to the border road to up to the Bieber and Rumpenheimer Gemarkung of the city. 1919 became during Karfreitagsput before the barracks, the today's seat of the tax office, 17Humans shot.1920 were occupied the city for one month by French troops. In the year 1922 one began with the building of the settlement temple lake in the south. In consequence of the world economic crisis were occasionally unemployed over half of the workers. 1938 separatedOpen brook from the circle open brook out and became a circle-free city, remained however further seat of the circle. In the same year ordered at the 1. April Jakob Sprengler, LV gau leader and realm governor of Hessen, the incorporation of Bieber. In Novemberbecame at the realm crystal night the synagog, which damages today's Capitol, violated as well as several dwellings and business. Still to 1936 parts of the Offenbacher population resisted the seizure of power and synchronising politics of the national socialists. 1942 became with Rumpenheim the last incorporationcarried out.
starting from 1949
after open brook in the Second World War was destroyed to 36 per cent, began slowly the reconstruction. In particular the old part of town and the west city were destroyed. Which the bombs had not swept away, became in to following-end the decadesthe urban redevelopment sacrificed. The former character of the western city centre between gentleman road and the lock road as “garden city” transformed into an office city (e.g. the new city hall or the Offenbach Tower).1953 began the building of the Carl Ulrich settlement between the TZE brook he and forest route. Open brook had 1954 for the first time more than 100,000 inhabitants and became thus youngest large city of Hessen. Municipal rights were never officially lent open brook. 1960 acquired the city the game yard with hay trunk and received thereby the Waldgemarkung game yard. 1971 became the today's city hall onthe citizen of Berlin road opens and the removal of the administration from the old hospital, which became today's judicial center, carried out. The celebrations to the 1000-jährigen of anniversary of open brook were committed 1977. 1995 received open brook connection to the rapid-transit railway Rhine Main.
Formerly independent municipalities and Gemarkungen, which were integrated into the city open brook at the Main.
|Year||of places||increase in hectar|
|of 1. April 1908||Bürgel||842.76|
|1. April 1938||Bieber||851.33|
|1. April 1942||Rumpenheim||434.74|
1875 had open brook of about 25,000 inhabitants, until 1900 doubled itself this number on 50.000. In the year 1954 the number of inhabitants of the city exceeded the border of 100.000. 1972 reached the total population of the citywith 121.283 their historical highest level. At the end of September to 2005 lived in open brook after updating of the hessian statistic national office 119,833 humans with main domicile.
The portion of the not-German population of the total population amounted to 2005 according to data of the city administration 31.1 per cent (36,801 persons).Most foreigners came from Turkey (7.180), Italy (4.102), Greece (3.867), Serbia and Montenegro (3.329), Poland (1.776), Morocco (1.664) as well as Bosnia and Herzegowina (1.347).
The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. Until 1833 it actsusually around estimations, afterwards around census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices and/or the city administration. The data refer starting from 1843 to „the localpresent population “, starting from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to „the population toPlace of the main dwelling “. 1843 ago the number of inhabitants was determined in non-uniform collection procedures.
¹ census result
open brook belonged before the reformation to the ore diocese Mainz. Count Reinhard von Isenburgthe reformation introduced after lutherischem confession , but became generally accepted starting from 1592 the reformed confession after 1542. The city remained thereafter over many centuries a reformed city. Starting from 1734 it was again permitted the lutherischen municipality members to hold services. Afterthe transition to the Grand Duchy of Hessen (Evangelist regional church to Hessen) 1848 a union between the reformed and lutherischen municipalities took place. The municipalities belonged then to the Superintendentur strong castle with seat in Darmstadt. Open brook seat of its own Propstei became laterNorth strong castle and finally became the area part of the Propstei Rhine Main within the today's Evangelist church in Hessen and Nassau. Here the church municipalities of the city open brook belong to the Dekanat open brook.
Roman-catholic municipality members pulled at the latest in 18. Century again into thoseCity. Them it was permitted starting from 1798 to hold again services but received it only 1825 complete freedom of religion. Around 1900 the portion of the catholic population of the city amounted to about 30 per cent. This relationship changed at the latest after incorporation that predominantly catholicNeighbour municipalities Bieber and Bürgel into the 1930er years. The Pfarrgemeinden of the city belongs to the Dekanat open brook within the Diözese Mainz.
The Jewish municipality of open brook had in 19. Century of approximately 1000 members, in the year 1939 still about 550. Mostof it by the national socialists were killed. Into a house in the Offenbacher cathedral route, in which today the labour office is, Jewish families were obligation-instructed under inhuman conditions, after first the family fathers in concentration camps had been kidnapped. After 1945 formedagain a small Jewish municipality. Today scarcely 1000 Jews in open brook live. The synagog, 1916 delighted, was devastated in the Reichspogromnacht and used later than cinema hall. After the war from it the city theatre of open brook became. The building use found lateras play place for a musical. The new synagog and the Jewish community center lie today opposite the former synagog.
The freereligious municipality open brook at the Schillerplatz exists about 1700 members since 1845 and counts 2006. It is as Germancatholic municipality of Joseph Pirazzi based. Lorenz Diefenbach participated in the early years responsible. The municipality is member in the federation of freereligious municipalities of Germany (BFGD) and in that internationally Association for Religious Freedom (IARF). It operates the only free-religious starting from September 2006 Kindergarten in Germany.
The Greek-orthodox municipality in the quarter temple lake has many members. Open brook is the German large city with the highest portion of Greek-orthodox inhabitants.
Oldcatholic municipality open brook: 1873 wrote the members of the Offenbacher (old) catholic association one „Constitution “, into which them solemnly thatDogma of the papal infallibility and the judicial claims to power of the Vatikan rejected and at the same time as catholics admitted themselves, who wanted to remain faithful for their old faith. This constitution, into also the right to municipality formation, to holding of services and employmentby clergyman, is the actual establishment document of the old-catholic municipality open brook was fixed. Who this document signed - the signatures were countersigned and sealed by the office for mayor - was from then on member of this municipality. Under the first signatures are a great manyAlto Offenbacher name. 1874 were approved to old-catholic Pfarrei in open brook and Bieber with the seat in open brook “(petrol stone wax way) by the grossherzoglichen government in Darmstadt the official establishment of one „.
politics and administration
as traditional worker city are open brook for a long time SPD - governs. Municipal authorities educate the “government of the city”. This consists of the mayor, a full-time first assigning to with the office designation mayor, a further full-time assigning to as well as six honorary assigning to with the office designation “town councillor”. Until 1874 it gave in open brookonly, starting from 1887 the city head the designation mayor received a honorary mayor.
Mayor since 1824
- 1824 - 1826: Peter Georg d'Orville
- 1826 - 1834: Heinrich Philipp Schwaner
- 1834 - 1837: Peter Georg d'Orville
- 1837 - 1849: Jonas Budden
- 1849 - 1859: Friedrich August shepherd
- 1859 - 1867: Johann Heinrich thick
- 1867 - 1874: Johann Martin deer man
- 1874 - 1882: Hermann Stölting
- 1883 - 1907: William Brink
- 1907 - 1919: Dr. Andreas Dullo
- 1919 - 1933: Dr. Max Granzin
- 1933 - 1934: Dr. Heinrich beautiful neck, kommissarisch
- 1934 - 1945: Dr. Helmut Schranz
- 1945 - 1946: Friedrich Reinicke, kommissarisch
- 1947 - 1949: Johannes Rebholz
- 1950 - 1957: Dr. Hans Klüber
- 1957 - 1974: George Dietrich
- 1974 - 1980: Walter Buckpesch
- 1980 - 1986: Dr. Walter Suermann
- 1986 - 1994: Wolfgang Reuter (1986-1988 only kommissarisch)
- 1994 - 2006: Gerhard Grandke
- since 21. January 2006: Refuge cutter
at the 11. September 2005 became refuge cutter (SPD, supports also from the Greens) with 51,2% of the delivered voices the successor to 20. January 2006 from the office divorced GerhardGrandke selected. It sat down thereby in the first ballot against Alfreds Kayser (CDU, supports also from the FDP - 46.2%) and Raimund Bieker (Party of Democratic Socialism - 2.6%) through.
coat of arms
the coat of arms of the city open brook at the Main shows inBlue a bewurzelten silver calibration tree with 5 silver acorns. The city colors are white blue. The calibration tree symbolizes the old realm forest three-calibrates, to which the city belonged.
partnerships between cities
|Puteaux, France since 1955|
|Esch sur Alzette, Luxembourg (Luxembourg) since 1956|
|Mödling, Austria since 1956|
|Sint Gillis/Saint Gilles les Bruxelles, Belgium since 1956|
|large London: Tower Hamlets, Great Britain since 1956|
|large Belgrade: Zemun, Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia) since 1956|
|Velletri, Italy since 1957|
|Kawagoe, Japan since 1983|
|Rivas, Nicaragua since 1988|
|Orjol - also Orel, Russia since 1988|
|Köszeg, Hungary since 1995|
|Yangzhou, People's Republic of China since 1997|
|Nahariya, Israel for the 1960er years|
with the Huguenots began the upswing of open brook to the industrial city. Open brook center of the graphic arts industry and the schriftgiessereien became later. Admits became open brook by the Lederwarenindustrie, which lost its role however as far as possible. As importantIndustrial companies are for example MAN Roland printing machines AG as a world-wide second largest manufacturer of printing machines, the petrochemical factory of the company Clariant and/or Aventis (both formerly most AG), the company Rowenta, those here after shifting of production still their administrative seathas to call as well as scratch Coatings and Danfoss.
Numerous international companies have your administrative seat in open brook due to the situation in the Rhine Main area. Thus are Northern Europe center as well as the development department car manufacturers Honda, likewise the European center as well as the development andDesign center of the car manufacturer Hyundai and the administration of the Korean tire manufacturer Kumho in open brook.
Besides training the non-profit Offenbacher created by the city exists and to occupation company - briefly Goab in open brook. This operates beside several training workshops, among them within the rangesTwo-wheeler mechanics and housekeeping as well as garden and landscape gardening the recycling center in the Mühlheimer road. There electrical old devices (electrical scrap iron) from households and trades, among them also from the check garbage, are divided, separated and released from pollutants. The different kinds of valuable material such as copper, Eisenschrott, glass, aluminum etc.getrenntan recycling enterprises are passed on, while pollutants must be disposed such as mercury and PCB - haltige condensers as special refuse. Also television sets and refrigerators are dismantled. The occupation in the Recylingzentrum is almost exclusively based - apart from few workshop managers - on the ABM- as well as HZA (“assistance to the work”) and “non-profit work” programs for long-term unemployed person. It is limited in the rule to 1 year with the possibility for the extension to a further half year. During the activity with the Goab can the persons employed ona qualifying measure to the recycling specialized worker participate.
the German weather service has likewise his seat in open brook like the federal monopoly administration for Branntwein as federal authority.
open brook lies exactly in the approach lane of the Rhine Main air haven. Since a night flight prohibition could not be interspersed, the living quality of open brook is very strongly reduced by aircraft noise.
the traffic route of the city open brook is very good. In the south of the city the federal motorway A 3 leads past, which at the Offenbacher cross meets the federal motorway A 661 lain in the west of the city. Furthermore the federal highways lead B 43, B 46 and B 448 by the city.
strange for a large city is the missing binding of the Offenbacher of main station to long-distance trains like the ICE. Only four IC exist - connections. Make in additionhere the region express trains of the desert forest course direction Wiebelsbach here station. Since the course on a high route runs in the middle by the city, the city is cut into two parts. Further large parts of the city center are very strong because of course noise by nocturnal goods trainsin their living quality reduced.
in the rail-bound suburban traffic is served open brook by regional courses of the railways and the lines S 1, S 2, S 8 and S 9 of the rapid-transit railway Rhine Main. Up to individual at the main station beginning orending travels of S 2 in the rush hour entire rapid-transit railway traffic in the city area on a particularly built tunnelled route takes place.
In open brook Untermain (VU ) operate regional penalty of the public transport company as well as the city penalty of the Offenbacher of transporting enterprises (OVB). Streetcar traffic became however 1996 finallyadjusted. All rail and Bus-Linien in the city are to be used for uniform prices within the Rhine Main traffic group (RMV).
inland waterway craft travel
in the inland waterway craft travel is open brook over the Main and the Rhine alsothe important industrial regions in North Rhine-Westphalia and the Netherlands and over the Main Danube channel connected with southeast Central Europe. The port has however only marginal note meaning; large area parts lie fallow. Under Binnenschiffern is the plant place on the Main bank likes at height of theIsenburger of lock, since this direct town center situation possesses.
in open brook at the Main the daily paper “open brook post office “appears. The regional cable television station “open channel open brook Frankfurt” sends made of open brook.
, its cultural
French reformed church and town center Tower the city open brook at the Main afterTo animate years of the neglect again.1995 were put to the converted old synagog, the foundation-stone in open brook in addition with the performance of the musical „Tommy “in the Capitol. Again larger meetings in the kind of large Popkonzerte or appearances findlike those of the Russian Nationalballetts instead of.
in open brook gives it several small stages for Varieté and small art as well as several to meeting resounding, in which also theatre performances take place. Tradition in the Offenbacher theatre landscape has the 1911 created theatre club ELMAR.
German leather museum
the German leather museum with the attached German shoe museum accommodates changing exhibitions over the leather handicraft in open brook and the whole world.
the Klingspor museum offers international book andWriting art. Basic stick of the museum is the collection of Dr. Karl Klingspor and the 1938 to New York Offenbachers D emmigrierten. Siegfried Guggenheim. It possesses existence for the history of the printing, the book illustration and above all the Typografie. The museum possesses those, Heinrich Jost as well as “manuals the Tipografico” enriches deductions of Rudolf cook, Otto from Bodoni and work of Peter Behrens.
house of the urban history
the house of the urban history, come out from the city museum and city archives, shows thosehistorical development of the city open brook. Emphasis is the Offenbacher Manufakturen, the Huguenots and the printing. Here also the Bieberer Amulett is issued.
architecture in open brook
long time became open brook by buildingsthe Huguenots from late 17. and 18. Century coined/shaped. Typically for this are buildings with one pool of broadcasting corporations roof. From these as far as possible the French is reformed church, which French reformed municipality as well as a firm in the Frankfurt road corner Aliceplatz original receive. ThatReconstruction after the war and the building of the citizens of Berlin road changed the picture of the city in the center substantially. Many architecturally meaning buildings are nevertheless in open brook. The most important thing is:
the landmark inOpen brook and the most well-known building is probably the Isenburger lock. And is considered as the most important building of Renaissances was built for 1576 for the count von Isenburg north the alps. Several times it was converted, last after the fire of the roof framing inthe Second World War. On a city opinion of Merian it is to be seen in its original form. Since 1999 the lock is a part of the university for organization, on which it borders directly. It is in the possession of the country Hessen.
ThatHistoricism is represented in open brook ua. with:
le singing palace
the le singing palace was in 18. Century the city seat of a famous Offenbacher manufacturer family named Berne pool of broadcasting corporations. In the neobarocken manor-house are today the register office, the municipal library and the Klingspor museum of the cityaccommodated. The premises of the representative messuage can be rented for different purposes of the city.
of the lily temples was originally built for 1798 as bath house in the Offenbacher lily park. “Urban legend” according to received the temple to the names after onealleged loved Johann Wolfgang von Goethes, with itself the these in the temple and/or. in the surrounding park to meet maintained. The marode building was sold under the edition of a restoration 2004 to a private person. The construction period amounts to about 2 years, thoseCosts of the restoration become estimated on 600.000 to 900,000 euro. Subsequently, the lily temple is to be used as art gallery.
the Rumpenheimer lock was once meeting place of the European high aristocracy. The marode, in the Second World War up to1965 changed the outside walls destroyed buildings into the possession of the city open brook and in several sections were repaired. After that (around 2002) took place last re-establishment of the wing centre corresponds the external opinion to the conditions as far as possible around 1805 (see photo). Todaythe lock is a private housing estate. Annually in the summer a Middle Ages market takes place in the lock yard and the adjacent lock park.
Further history tables buildings are in as far as possible closed the received quarter “westend” along and south the western Frankfurt road. That is worth seeingOld building of the Leibniz High School in the parking race as well as some smaller buildings of concrete of a sample exhibition from late 19. Century in the adjacent park.
architecture of the 19.Jahrhunderts and the turn of the century
after far outside of the settlement border at that time establishes 1873 the new main stationis, was the town development up to the turn of the century without spatial restriction. In the 1880er and 1890er years on the free field between main station and the city boundary at that time usually fünfstöckige tenement houses and large community centres in the period of promoterism style one established, by those some fronts- in particular in the emperor route and in the eastern Bismarck route at the station free area - supraregional meaning have.
As names are here worth mentioning: William harsh one, max of Schroeder, Fritz Breitwieser, Karl tax forest, Gebr. Hare brook, H. and L. Nail.
architecture of the20-century
Hugo Eberhardt, architect and founder of the leather museum, has the administration building of the Heyne factory, the compulsory health insurance scheme, and the buildings of the technical ones in open brook. Institute, today's seat of the university for organization, establishes. They are important certifications of the transition to the modern trend.
In open brook also the architect's office Novotny and Mähner ( N+M) resides, which realized many multistoried buildings in Frankfurt. Novotny and Mähner have in open brook among other things the N+M house, the town center Towerand the law complex built.
open brook has expanded green areas. As park plants the le singing park, the adjacent lily park, the three-calibration park, the Leonhard Eissner park at the Bieberer mountain as well as the lock park Rumpenheim are to be called here.
The largest soccer association in open brook is kicker open brook (OFC). The association plays in the season 2005/06 in the 2. Federal league and denies its Heimspiele in the stadium at the Bieberer mountain (approx. 24,900 places).
Background is here that the two cities cannot be Frankfurt and open brook more differently. First Frankfurt was in 18.Century still deeply in the mittelaterlichen guild system verwurzelt, which saw a competition in the again budding Manufakturen, so that these shifted to open brook. In 19. Century saw itself to Frankfurt as pure commercial town which further to industriellen the misalignment after open brook led.This sat down again in 20. Century away.
as Offenbacher original counts the match salesman Karl winter grain (*28. March 1880). It drew 20 at the beginning. Century by Offenbacher and Frankfurt apple wine tubes and sold matches. Restaurant celebrity attainedit by its small body size of only 1.30 meters and its fülligeren figure. Today a statue stands for it in honours on the Offenbacher William place. Its grave is maintained by the city.
- international leather goods fair
- in the middle of June: Main bank celebration
- CROSS Media Night at the HfG open brook
- in the middle of August: Beer celebration
- August: Light celebration in the le singing park
- 1. Weekend in September: Child celebration in the Leonhard Eissnert park
- 1837: Ulrich Pultz of Carlsen, 1773-1863, commander of theRegiment “large and hereditary prince”
- 1842: Valentin Otto, 1795-1849, customs office supervisor, promoter of the local railway to Frankfurt
- 1848: Dr. Lorenz Diefenbach, 1806-1883, freedom fighter
- 1852: Dr. Ernst Schaumann, 1802-1886, director that latin - school
- 1863: Christian Lemmé, 1789-1863,“Benefactors”
- 1875: Otto von Bismarck, 1815-1898, realm chancellor
- 1882: Dr. Salomon Formstecher, 1808-1889, Rabbiner
- 1888: Johann Martin Kappus, 1820-1905, commander of the Freiwilligen fire-brigade
- 1915: Ludo Mayer, 1845-1917, Kommerzienrat, Gerber
- 1933: Paul von Hindenburg, 1847-1934, general field marshal, realm president
- 1948: Dr. Karl Klingspor, 1868-1950, writing caster, Buchausstatter
- 1948: Leonhard ice mink, 1866-1949, mayor a.D.
- 1948: Dr. Siegfried Guggenheim, 1873-1961, attorney and notary
- 1949: Hermann of stone houses, 1859-1949, entrepreneur
- 1953: Professor. Hugo Eberhardt, 1874-1959, director/conductor of the technical institutes open brook (today HfG open brook)
- 1974: George Dietrich, 1909, mayor 1957-1974
- 1977: Walter franc, town councillor chief
- 1993: Dr. Bruno scarce, leader of the parliamentary group of the CDU, city delegate chief
- 1993: Max Willner, chairmanthe regional organization of the Jewish municipalities of Hessen
sons and daughters of the city
- 1741, 28. March, Johann André, † 18. June 1799 in open brook, musician, composer and music publisher
- 1775, 6. October, Johann AntonAndré, † 6. April 1842 in open brook, composer and music publisher
- 1800, Moritz Daniel Oppenheim, † 1882, painter, commercial artist
- 1826, 29. March, Wilhelm dear farmhand, founder of the Offenbacher SPD, father by Karl dear farmhand;1881 and 1884 realm tag mandate of the constituency open brook
- 1868, 19. September, Heinrich Reinhardt, † 19. July 1947 in Berlin, architect
- 1893, 10. April, Heinrich pinion, † 19. June 1971 in Basel, politician (SPD), MdR, MdB, MdL (Hessen)
- 1898, Erich Meyer, † 1983, commercial artist and Typograf
- 1901, 15. October, Bernard von Brentano, † 29. December 1964 in Wiesbaden, writer, essayist and journalist
- 1904, 20. June, Heinrich von Brentano, † 14. November 1964 in Darmstadt, politician (CDU), MdB, Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs 1955-1961, chairman of the CDU/CSU party in the Bundestag (1949-1955 and 1961-1964)
- 1904, 28. December, Joseph open brook, civil JosephZiegler, † 15. October 1971, stage, film and television actor (“the incorrigible ones”, “Salto Mortale”)
- 1909, 19. January, Hans Hotter, † 6. December 2003 in Munich, Bassbariton
- 1910, 12. December, Helene Mayer, † 15. October 1953 in Munich, Fechterin and Olympiasiegerin
- 1915, 28. August, Gerda Johanna Werner, † 14. August 2004 in Oberursel, model for the Baumpflanzerin on the backs of the former German 50-Pfennig-Münzen
- 1920, 23. January, Gottfried Böhm, architect, university teacher and Pritzker price - carriers (among other things pilgrimage church in Velbert Neviges, city hall in Bergisch Gladbach Bensberg, wing centre of the lock Saarbruecken)
- 1935, 8. February, Herbert Fenn, † 30. September 2001 in Barcelona, right scientist, dancer and sport functionary
- 1935, 10. October, Hermann Nuber, football player with the pointed name “the iron Hermann”
- 1938, 28. January, William Voltz, † 24. March 1984, writer
- 1954, 5. October, Jimmy hard TIG, soccer player
- 1956, 25. August, Harald wolf, politician (Party of Democratic Socialism)
- 1956, 20. November, olive Michael Dittrich, actor, Comedian, became together with Wigald Boning as “the stupid ones “admits
- 1958, 1. December, Rainer W. Sourly, HR broadcast moderator, electronics musician, literary Kabarettist, essayist, 2001 excellently with public workers' union radio price and TLM Hörfunkpreis
- 1965, 9. May, Andi Mengler, singer of the 1. German Punkband road-young; Singer and Texter the kicker open brook hymn “Forever OFC”
- 1968, 6. March, Michael B. Schmidt, better admits than Smudo, RWSby of the Fantasti four
- 1969, 5. January, Petra Behle, born Schaaf, Biathletin
- 1969, 4. March , Henrik Rödl, basketball player
- 1970, 23. July, Thea thorn, actually Christiane Scherer, authoress and TV - host
- 1971, 3. January, Tarek aluminium-Wazir, politician (the GREEN), MdL (Hessen)
- 1972, 21. June, Dorkas Kiefer, hit singer (“I have fear”) and member thatPopgruppe “Mekado”, which participated for Germany in the Grand Prix d'Eurovision, actress
furthermore lived in open brook among other things:
- Alois Senefelder * 6. November 1771 in Prague, inventor of the so-called. Photolithography, the lithography, which was continued to develop later to the offset printing- today the most important compression matter, in which the most books, newspapers, magazines and advertising prints develop. After it one of the longest roads of open brook is designated, the Senefelderstrasse.
- Sophie Laroche, * 6. December 1731 in Kaufbeuren, † 18. February1807 in open brook, authoress
- Hans George Ruppel: History of the city open brook, new edition, waiting mountain publishing house, ISBN 3-8313-1334-2
- Hans's George Ruppel, Lothar brown: It began waiting mountain publishing house, ISBN 3-9801-8463-3 Ulrich young in open brook
- …:That was that 20. Centuryin OF and region, waiting mountain publishing house, ISBN 3-86134-923-X
- Alfred short:City + circle open brook in history, 1998, Hg. Open brook post office, being time publishing house, ISBN 3-87079-009-1
- Wilfied B Sahm, Christina Uslular Thiele: Open brook - which for a city, 2004, Hg.: People's highschool open brook, Cocon publishing house, ISBN 3-93777-405-X
- hessian city book; Volume IV 1. Volume from “German city book. Manual of urban history " - on behalf of the working group of the historical commissions and with support of the German city daily, the German standard ware and the German municipality daily, hrsg. by Erich Keyser, Stuttgart,1957
- Günter Burkhard: The Attraktoren of the poverty - an socialecological investigation of the live-spatial distribution of poverty in the city open brook, 1998, Shaker publishing house, ISBN 3-82652-696-1
Web on the left of
|Wikinews: Open brook at the Main - current messages|
|Commons: Open brook at the Main -Pictures, videos and/or audio files|
- web page of the city
- German leather museum
- Klingspor museum
- aerial photograph  and Flächennutzungsplan  of open brook on the map server of the planning association Frankfurt Rhine Main.
Bergstrasse | Darmstadt | Darmstadt the castle | Frankfurt/Main | Fulda | Pour | Large Gerau | Hersfeld Rotenburg | Hochtaunuskreis | Kassel (country) | Kassel (city) | Lahn Dill circle | Limburg because castle | Main Kinzig circle | Main rope US circle | Marburg Biedenkopf | Desert forest circle | Open brook (country) | Open brook at the Main (city) | Rhine gau rope US circle | Schwalm Eder circle | Bird mountain circle | Forest hitting a corner Franconia mountain | Werra Meissner circle | Wetteraukreis | Wiesbaden