of these articles treats the US Federal State Ohio. For the river of the same name see Ohio (river). A list of warships with this name gives it under USS to Ohio.
flag coat of arms/seal
Karte der USA, Ohio hervorgehoben

other Federal States

base data
pointed name: Buckeye State(Kastanienstaat)
capital: Columbus
largest city: Columbus
rank (within the USA): 34
altogether: 116,096 km ²
country: 106,154 km ²
water (%): 10,044 km ² (8.65%)
rank (within the USA): 7
altogether (2005): 11.464.042
density: 99/km ²
member state
place: 17
since: 1. March 1803
time belt: Eastern: UTC-5/-4
degree of latitude: 38°27'N to 41°58'N
degree of longitude: 80°32'W to 84°49'W
broad: 355 km
length: 355 km
highest situation: 472 m
average situation: 260 m
deepest situation: 139 m
governor: Bob taffeta
postal: OH
ISO 3166-2: US-OH
Karte Ohios
map of Ohio
on the back of Ohio 25-Cent-Münze presents itself the state as place of birth of the flight pioneers

Ohio [oˈhaɪoː] is a Federal State of the united ones States of America (the USA), which lies in the northeast of the state. In the north it is from the Eriesee, which forms the border to the neighboring country Canada and in the south limited by the Ohio river, which gave its name to the Federal State. Ohio is a termthe Irokesen and means „good river “.

The capital of Ohio is Columbus; Large cities are Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron and Dayton. The Federal State Ohio is 116,096 km ² largely (in the comparison of the Federal States at 34. Place) andapproximately 11.5 have million inhabitant. In the year 1803 Ohio was taken up to the United States by America and became the 17. State of the union.

Table of contents


as also from Virginia to be originated eight US presidents from Ohio (of it seven republicans and a memberthe Whig party); these are more than from every other Federal State. The state was long time one of the centers of the republicans, is however today however politically approximately to the half split. It is it as so-called Swing State forwards, There it particularly contests presidency elections with 20 electors - voices more influence on the Wahlausgang has than other Swing States. Ohio played last the Zünglein at the balance , as a US president George W. therefore with the US president shank elections 2004 Bush with only 50.8%the voices and defended so its office against its democratic challenger John Kerry won all 20 elector voices of Ohio.

Due to his Demografie in Ohio also frequently a Mikrokosmos of the political USA is as a whole seen. Interestingly enough it is since 1892 onlyto draw two presidency candidates successfully into the white house, without attaining also in Ohio the majority. In both cases (1944 and 1960) a republican won in Ohio, although altogether a democrat became a president.

Democratic centers are in the northeast of Ohio, among other things around the cities Cleveland and Youngstown. The southwest against it supports rather the republican party.


in the year 2000 amounted to the gross domestic product 362 billion US Dollar, with which Ohio in seventh place of the Federal Statesstands. The Pro-Kopf-Einkommen amounted to 28,400 US Dollar; thus Ohio at 19 stands. Place. Ohio is one of the prominent locations of mechanical engineering of the USA. In addition to industriellen production belong to means of transport, metalworking, machines, tools, rubber products, food and electrical appliances.

As part of the Corn Belts rural economy plays a large role. Agricultural production covers soy beans, milk products, corn, tomatoes, slaughter cattle (pigs, cattle), poultry and eggs. At the Eriesee commercial fishing is operated.

Withover 2.500 lakes and 72,000 river kilometers, because of its varied landscape, its recreation areas and historical objects of interest (above all archaeological places - excavations of indianischen settlements and burial places) Ohio is routistic interesting, and the tourism industry belongs to the growth branches.

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the region between the river Ohio and the large lakes, where today Ohio lies, was originally inhabited by different Indian trunks, among them the Miami, the Wyandot, the Shawnee, the Lenni Lenape, the Ottawa and the Erie. During the Kolonisation North America by European stressed Irokesen from the heuten Federal State New York the area as their hunt reasons.

In 18. Century converted France there a system of commercial posts up, the trade between Europeans andTo control Indians.1754 broke out the Frenchman and Indian war between Great Britain and France, in whose consequence that was closed Paris peace and France surrendered control of today's Ohio to 1763 to the united kingdom. Still in the same yeara royal proclamation forbade settling the again won country. This lost however after the American independence from the British crown at validity, whereupon 1787 the northwest territory were opened, that apart from the area today's Ohio still the areas of furtherFederal States covered. The new territory was the first area of the United States in that slavery was officially forbidden. As anticipation on the coming establishment of state the Indiana Territory was created later, that only today's Ohio as well as parts of the today's Michigan covered.

Gedenktafel an die "Nordwest-Verfügung" vor der Federal Hall in Manhattan
To Gedenktafel to the “northwest order” before the Federal resound in Manhattan

in the “northwest order” (Northwest Ordinance) one decided that subsections of the northwest territory states to become to be able, as soon as these reached a number of inhabitants of 60.000. Although future Ohio 1801 of only 45,000 inhabitants had decided congress of US due to the rapid population growth its establishment of state. To 19. February 1803 became Ohio of the US president Thomas Jefferson as 17. Federal State of the USA recognition. There an official entry date of new states only since 1812 ofCongress was determined, put it the US president Eisenhower 1953 on the 1. March 1803.

1835 led Ohio the Toledo war in that it with the Michigan Territory around the area around the city Toledo fought. After intervention of the congress that did withoutMichigan Territory on the so-called Toledo strips and got in response parts of the upper Michigan peninsula awarded.



Historical numbers of inhabitants [1]
inhabitant rank
the USA

1800 45,365 18
1810 230,760 13
1820 581.434 5
1830 937,903 4
1840 1.519.467 3
1850 1.980.329 3
1860 2.339.511 3
1870 2.665.260 3
1880 3.198.062 3
1890 3.672.329 4
1900 4.157.545 4
1910 4.767.121 4
1920 5.759.394 4
1930 6.646.697 4
1940 6.907.612 4
1950 7.946.627 5
in the year 2005
Ohio of 11.464.042 inhabitants
, which in relation to
the previous year
an increase of 0,1%
( 13.899, had

1960 9.706.397 5 1970 10.652.017 6 1980 10.797.630 6 1990 10.847.115 7 2000 11.353.140 7 2005 11.464.042 7) and 1.0% (110.897) in relation to the year 2000 means. Ohio has a population density of 99 inhabitants per square kilometer and stands with the total population in the comparison of the US Federal States at 7. Place. 3.4% of the population, thus about 390,000 inhabitants, (conditions 2004) are born outside of the USA.

Ethnical groups

of Ohio population consists as follows of various ethnical groups:

thereby are subject the portion of non-white Americans in Ohiothe US-American average (see also ethnical groups of the USA), which is to due first of all to the geographical location of the state.


25.2% the inhabitant are German descent and place thereby the largest group. Followthe groups of the Irish (12.7%), African (11.5%) and Englischstämmigen (9.2%).

local distribution

the ethnic Germans subpopulation has particularly in the northwest a high population portion and the culture of Ohio considerably along-coined/shaped. Thus for example a quarter is called thatCapital Columbus German many situation.

One finds inhabitants with American or British roots primarily in the south and the center of the state. In Cleveland and Cincinnati large population portions are Afroamerikaner. Besides many Hispanics live in Cleveland, howalso in Toledo.

Distribution of the population
population trend in Ohio

age and sex structure

  • under 5 years: 6.6%
  • under 18 years: 25.4%
  • over 65 years: 13.3%

about 51.4% of the population are womanlike, that accordingly are 48.6% male.


Ohio are coined/shaped from different Protestant groups, under it also the largest number of Amish of the USA and the center of the United Church OF Christian in Cleveland.

largest cities

the Skylinethe capital Columbus
Cleveland seen of the Eriesee
city County inhabitant
1. April of 2000
1. July 2004
Columbus Franklin 711,470 730,008
Cleveland Cuyahoga 478,403 458,684
Cincinnati Hamilton 331,285 314,154
Toledo Lucas 313,619 304,973
Akron Summit 217,074 212,179
Dayton Montgomery 166.179 160,293
Parma Cuyahoga 85,655 82,672
CAN clay/tone strong 80,806 79,905
Youngstown Mahoning 82,026 77,713
Lorain Lorain 68,652 67,915
Springfield Clark 65,358 63,609
Hamilton Hamilton 60,690 60,996
Elyria Lorain 55,953 56,175
chain ring Montgomery 57,502 55,903
Lakewood Cuyahoga 56,646 53,971
Middletown Middletown 51.605 ,
Has 51,804 Mentor Lake
50,278 51,332 Mansfield smelling country
49,346 50,557 Cuyahoga of case Summit
49,374 50,515 Euclid Cuyahoga
52,717 50,398 Cleveland Heights Cuyahoga
of 49,958 48,643 [

work on] symbols

of the state as common in the USA also Ohio a set of Symbols:

  • Animal: White whisk deer
  • bird: Red cardinal
  • flower: Carnation
  • game flower: Snow Trillium (Trillium grandiflorum)
  • insect: Ladybird
  • song: “Beautiful Ohio”
  • song (skirt): “Slope on Sloopy “
  • tree: Bald Rosskastanie (lat: Aesculus glabra)
  • fossil: Trilobite genus Isotelus
  • beverage: Tomato juice
  • reptile: Black running queue
  • Jewel: Flint
  • slogan: “With God all things acres possible” (“with God are possible all things”)

see also


  1. The Ohio Politics Almanac, Michael F. Curtin, Kent State University press, 1996, page 173 (for the numbers until 1990)


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