flag coat of arms/seal
Karte der USA, Oklahoma hervorgehoben

other Federal States

base data
pointed name: Sooner State
capital: Oklahoma town center
largest city: Oklahoma town center
rank (within the USA): 20
altogether: 181,196 km ²
country: 178,023 km ²
water (%): 3,173 km ² (1.8%)
rank (within the USA): 27
Altogether (2000): 3.450.654
density: 19/km ²
member state
place: 46
since: 16. November 1907
time belt: Cent ral: UTC-6/-5
degree of latitude: 33°35'N to 37°N
degree of longitude: 94°29'W to 103°W
broad: 355 km
length: 645 km
highest situation: 1,516 m
average situation: 395 m
deepest situation: 88 m
governor: Brad Henry
postal: OK ONE
ISO 3166-2: US-OK

Oklahoma is a US Federal State in the central south of the USA, north of Texas.

The word Oklahoma originates from the Choctaw language: “okla”, humansand “humma”, red and meant in its source language as much as “the country of the red man”

the capital of Oklahoma is Oklahoma town center.

Oklahoma covers an area of 181.186 km 2, in that about 3.35 millions Humans live.

Table of contents

the history of Oklahoma

within the USA takes Oklahoma a privileged position. The area fell in the context of the Louis IANA Purchase 1803 to the USA. Thisrecognized however no value in this area and pointed it between 1817 and 1830 the Indian trunks of the Creek, which Seminolen, which Cherokee, which Choctaw and the Chickasaw too, which were driven out from the eastern states. About 50,000 humans were driven to Oklahoma,where they met other Indian trunks already residents. This resettlement entered as “Trail OF Tears” history. 1834 were defined the area to the Indian territory. This very day many Indian trunks have their political head office in Oklahoma.

Although the government 1880 officially a settling of the countryby the white ones forbidden, came it on the part of the population again and again to infringements of the borders. In the year 1885 negotiations with the Creek and the Seminolen were finally taken up, which led to the fact that to 22. Were released to April 1889 two million morning country for settlers. ThoseConsequence was the “Oklahoma country run”, with which within shortest time numerous settlers flowed into the country and developed quasi over night Oklahoma town center. Already in the apron many of the new settlers had, the so-called “Sooners” (English. “soon”, marked out of “early”), their Claims, which the statethe surname “Sooner State” brought in.

1890 were organized Oklahoma as territory and until 1906 came it to a steady expansion of the settlement area, before Oklahoma to 16. November 1907 of the union of the United States joined. After changing economic growth and crisis periods gave the discovery enrich oil and natural gas finds in the year 1928 the country upswing and prosperity. Nevertheless Oklahoma was afflicted repeated by dry periods and sandstorms, which entailed an exodus of the Landbevölkerung over the legendary route 66 into the western Federal States. To reread among other things also in John Steinbecks of “fruits of theAnger”, which the excerpt from “the Dust Bowl”, which “perpetuated dust dish”, literarily.

List of the governors of Oklahoma

the geography of Oklahoma

Karte Oklahomas
map of Oklahoma

Oklahoma lies to a large extent in the range of the internal levels. Center the low country is taken by the Osage Plains,a gently waved level, which is interrupted only in few places by hill country. The low land region changes eastward into high country. In the northeast it concerns thereby the Ausläufer of the Ozarkplateaus. Into this limestone massif rivers dug deep ravines. South this plateau are the Ouachita mountains composed of sandstone. In the extreme southeast the Federal State has portion of the gulf coastal plain. To the west changes center the low country into the Great Plains. The northeast of the Federal State becomes of the Arkansas Valley, which covers the river valley of the Arkansas River and the surrounding levels,pulled through. This area is very fruitful, and it is one of the most important agrarian regions of the state.

the climate

the climate of Oklahoma is in the southeast subtropically - damp, in the west continental drying. Large variations in temperature in the course of the day are typical. The summers are hot, the winters frequently quitemildly. The average yearly temperature lies between 14 °C in the west and 19 °C in the southeast. The extreme values determined so far were to 49 with -32 °C (1930) and °C (1943). Width of parts of the Federal State are afflicted regularly by Tornadoes. A series of Tornadoes arranged particularly heavy devastationsin May 1999 on. The maximum speed of the most violent Tornado with Oklahoma town center amounted to 517 kilometers in the hour.

Flora und Fauna

Wälder bedecken etwa 16 Prozent der Gesamtfläche. The prevailing tree species are Kiefern, whale nut trees, Pekannussbäume, Hickorybäume, elm trees, Ashes, oaks, Wacholder, American Judasbäume and Pappeln.

Rotwild, Otter, Waschbär, mink and squirrels are domestic in the forest areas. Rabbits, Ziesel, prairie dog and Kojote live in the grass land regions. The bird world is extremely species-rich. The most frequent kinds of bird are Wiesenstärling, mockery throttle, moving throttle, Blauhäher, crow and sparrow. In the large salt levels in the north of the state wildly living ducks are common.


Oklahoma has a number of inhabitants of approximately 3.45 million; The population density is with 19 inhabitants per square kilometer.The majority of the population concentrates in the eastern part of the state. The portion of the white ones amounts to 76,2 per cent, black one places 7,6 per cent of the total population. In Oklahoma indianische groups of peoples with approximately 270,000 members (about 8 per cent of the population) are by far more strongly represented than into thatmost other Federal States. The largest indianischen groups are Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminolen. In addition asiatic groups of peoples live in Oklahoma (among other things Vietnamesen, Chinese and Koreans).


Oklahoma has different important industries.

largest cities

city County inhabitant
1. April of 2000
1. July 2004
Oklahoma town center Oklahoma 506,132 528,042
Tulsa Tulsa 393,049 383,764
Norman Cleveland 95,694 100,923
Lawton Comanche 92.757 88,214
Broken Arrow Tulsa 74,859 84,399
Edmond Oklahoma 68,315 73,080
avoiding west town center Oklahoma 54,088 54,822
Enid Garfield of 47,045 46,626
moorlands Cleveland 41,138 46,208
Stillwater Payne 39,065 40,731
Muskogee Muskogee 38,310 38,846
Bartlesville Washington 34,748 34,638
Shawnee Pottawatomie 28,692 29,746
Ponca town center Kay 25,919 25,224


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