of these articles treats the district town Olpe in North Rhine-Westphalia, further meanings under Olpe (term clarifying)
coat of arms map
Stadtwappen der Stadt Olpe Lage der Stadt Olpe in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: North Rhine-Westphalia
governmental district: Arnsberg
circle: Circle Olpe
surface: 85.88 km ²
inhabitants: 26.231 (1. January. 2004)
Population density: 306 Einw. /km ²
height: 307.5 mand.NN
postal zip code: 57462
preselection: 02761
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 51° 01 ' n. Break, 7° 50 ' o. L.
51° 01 ' n. Break, 7° 50 ' o. L.
Kfz characteristic: OE
municipality key: 05 9 66 024
city arrangement: 22 quarters
house address of the city administration: Franziskanerstrasse 6
57462 Olpe
Website: www.olpe.de
mayor: Refuge Mueller (CDU)

Olpe lies in the ebb-tide mountains in North Rhine-Westphalia and is a middle one city circle-belonging of the circle Olpe in the governmental district Arnsberg. The city is seat of the circle Olpe.

Table of contents


spatial situation

of Olpe is because of the Südrand of the nature park ebb-tide mountains. In the north Olpes lies of south Westphalia largest dam, the Biggesee.


the city Olpe has a total area of 86 km ². The maximum expansion lies innorth-south as westmore eastern with 11 kilometers. The deepest place in Olpe is the Biggesee (water level) with 307,5 m over NN, the highest collection is the angel mountain with Neuenkleusheim with 589 m over NN.

Spatially the city is arranged into the localities:

Altenkleusheim, Dahl - Friedrichsthal, Eichhagen,Griesemert, Günsen, hollow, Neuenkleusheim, Lütringhausen, Unterneger, central negro, upper negro, Oberveischede, deer ring living, Rhode, Rhonard, Rüblinghausen, Sassmicke, separating, Stachelau, Thieringhausen, and Waukemicke (only local parts with more than 50 inhabitants).

mountains and rivers

Olpe is in an expanded hill country. In the north from Olpe are the slopes more steeply, the valleys more closely (e.g. with the localities Rhode, negroes), in the south have the hills soft crests and the valleys are more spacious. There are there also small high surfaces.
The highest mountains are:

  • Angel mountain (589 m)
  • red ago stone (583 m)
  • field mountain (556 m)
  • high ones Rhonard (526 m)

the city center is surrounded by the following mountains:

  • Imberg
  • Hatzenberg
  • Gallenberg
  • Lindenhardt
  • Eichhardt
  • Kimicker mountain
  • Bratzkopf
  • cross mountain

To the city belong also some rivers or brooks, which flow all in the Biggesee:

  • the Bigge the Olpe
  • , this flows becomes by the followingBrooks in an educated manner:
  • Günse,
  • Felmicke (underground),
  • Kortemicke (underground),
  • Ahe

further rivers in the city:

  • Brachtpe
  • negro

of the Veischedebach does not flow into the Biggesee, probes with Grevenbrück into the Lenne.


by the hill situation and the frequent west hoist often rains it in Olpe. Those Clouds suck themselves over the Atlantic ocean with water vapour fully. If these are then pushed against the mountain-slopes of the Olper of hill country, they rise more highly and the water vapour becomes by cold weather larger drops, which fall down then as rains. The coldest month is thatJanuary, the warmest month July. The high Luftfeutigkeit often leads during the winter months to fog.

neighbour municipalities


Olpe is his names of thatMuzzle angles Olpe and Bigge have.
(“oil-apa” = brook in the damp meadow reason)

time border

only the most important data were taken up:

First soil finds from the Olper area can be dated (approximately 1000 n. Chr.): Piece of broken glass and cinders (Eisengewinnung and - processing) in the Wüstung Kimickerberg,Münzfund in Dahl (after 1005).

1220: First documentary mention.
1311: Award of the city right by archbishop Heinrich II. Count von Virneburg.
1500: Cross chapel is mentioned for the first time.
1525: First proof of a contactor company.
1587 - 1697 is provable in the court district Olpe of witch processes.
1615: There are first Teacher in Olpe.
1634: Large city fire.
1665: First Agatha - Gelübde to the protection from Feuerbrünsten.
1673: For the first time the Rochus takes place - Gelübde to the protection from the plague and other epidemics.
1696: Last condemnation of a “witch “.
1711: The post office comes for the first time to Olpe.
1795: Large fireby Olpe, Olpe is destroyed to 83%. In place of medieval appearance the reconstruction took place on basis of a total plan (three spread parallel roads, right-angled connected by side streets)
1819: Olpe becomes district town, before times circle Bilstein now “circle Olpe “.
1828: Reestablishment of the Olper of contactor association. Its name“pc. reads - Sebastianus Schützenverein”.
1842/44: Establishment of the Evangelist municipality.
1863: Establishment medal community “Franziskanerinnen of the eternal Anbetung
1864: Telegraph station in Olpe.
1875: The railway comes to Olpe. Only after Attendorn/Finnentrop, 1880 follow Olpe Rothemühle.
1888: First electrical light.
1908/09: The pc. Martinus church burns almost completelydown (probably arson)/new building in the style of the neo-gothic style.
28.März 1945: Heavy bomb attack on Olpe
1965: Unity thawing of the Biggetalsperre.
1971: Release federal motorway 45.
1976: Release federal motorway 4.

sons and daughters of the city

i.e. Persons, who are born here

  • Johann miner (1460-1531) theologian and publisher
  • Rötger Hundt (1711-1773) theologian
  • nut/mother Maria Theresia Bonzel (1830-1905) medal foundress
  • Franz heat (1851-1921) social politician and theologian
  • Anton Deimel (1865-1954) theologian and researcher
  • Josef bevel (1881-1953) land advice and state parliament delegate
  • Johannes Rosenthal (1903-1975) Pallotinerbischof and first bishop von Queenstown in South Africa
  • Paul-Werner_Scheele (* 6. April 1928 in Olpe) bishop von Würzburg
  • Michael Kraus (1945-1978) artist and commercial artist
  • Monica Pick Hieronimi (* 14. December 1943) Sopranistin and Professorin for music
  • yokes field man (*03. August 1961) Physicist

further personalities, who with the city in connection


the population of the city Olpe is predominantly catholic.

Religion amount of per cent
of catholic: 17.834 67.99%
Evangelist: 3.732 14.26%
other religion: 4.644 17.75%

city patron: Hl. Martinus


Olpe belongs church seen to the ore diocese Paderborn. On middle level Olpe becomesby the “Seelsorgeregion winner land south sour country” administers, which forms from the Dekanaten Elspe, corroding thorn and Olpe. These three Dekanate are starting from that 1. July 2006 to a Dekanat to be united.

On lowest level it spends two Pastoralverbünde, those in Olpe together with the church municipalitiesTurns and Drolshagen the Dekanat Olpe form:

  • Olpebach valleys consisting of the Pfarrei pc. Marien Olpe with the chapel municipalities: Günsen, Lütringhausen, Rhonard, Stachelau, Thieringhausen as well as the Kirchspiels Kleusheim with the places: Old and Neuenkleusheim, deer ring living.
  • Pastoralverbund Olpe Biggesee consisting of the Pfarrei pc. Martinus Olpe with thatBranch municipalities Dahl Friedrichsthal and Sassmicke as well as the Pfarrbezirken holy spirit in Rüblinghausen and Hatzenberg and the Pfarrei pc. Cyriakus in Rhode with the branches separating, Oberveischede and negro.

In addition there are two monasteries:


it gives an Evangelist church municipality since 1844. You belong the oldest Olper church, which was built 1898 from red brick.

further one religious communities

Ev. Freechurch municipality, Jehovas a witness, Neuapostoli church, Islamic municipality, Greek-orthodox church

inhabitant development

(in each case to 31. December)

Year inhabitant
Year inhabitant notes
before regional reorganization
after regional reorganization
Year inhabitant


delegate in the parliaments

European parliament

the Dr. originating from oil mountain. med. Peter Liese (CDU) and/or. (EVP) the representative selected for Olpe is in the European parliament since 1994. To the constituency all belongCities and municipalities of the circles Olpe, Soest, victory joke gene stone, as well as the Märki circle and the high sour district.


since 1994 is Hartmut looking ores (CDU) the representative of the people for the constituency 150, to that all municipalities of the circle Olpe and the southern part of the Märkischen circle (Halver,Herscheid, Kierspe, load-separate, Meinerzhagen and Schalksmühle) belonged. Looking ores lives with his family in Kirchhundem.

federal state parliament

Theodor Kruse (CDU) is since 1995 a representative in the federal state parliament of North-Rhine/Westphalia for the circle Olpe. With the last election of the federal parliament 2005 he got 64% the Stimmmen.


  • Horst Mueller, CDU, since 1997

town councillor

2004 a party voices of seats
CDU 49.9% 19
UCW 29.4% 11
SPD 15.1% the 6
Greens 5.6% 2
[ work on ]
coats of arms the coat of arms

an episode from the life shows election results of the local election of the Hl. Martin, when it donates half of its coat to a beggar. Already in the year 1360 this scene the oldest seal of the city zierte. In the year 1911 Cologne (1180 - 1802) in the left upper came as indication of the long affiliation to the cure principalityThe cross of the Cologne cure prince archbishops hits a corner in addition.

partnerships between cities

since that 28. July 2001 exists a partnership between cities with the French city GIF sur Yvette. The urban High School in Olpe accomplishes a regular Schüleraustausch with a Collège for years in GIF sur Yvette.

Culture and objects of interest

tradition and customs

the customs in city and country are based on customs, which are many hundred years old often already. They have their origin often in the church tradition.

  • Olper Bracken
  • Olper contactor celebration (always on the weekend, in thatthird Sunday in July is)
  • Agatha day (5. February) and Prozession (always following Sunday)
  • pos chiefof you (Osterfeuer on the Gallenberg, the Bratzkopf and in nearly all villages of the city)
  • Rochus Gelübde with following Prozession
  • pc. Martin with removal
  • “the old Carpenter” to Christmas
  • Oil by Tied

of buildings

  • historical Stadtmauer with angel tower and witch tower
  • Martinus - church
  • chapels (cross, smelling US and valence in chapel)
  • Evangelist church
  • market place with Pannenklöpper monument
  • historical well

of Naturdenkmäler

infrastructure and economics


in former times:

ThatWealth at forest, ore and water were bases for developing ironworks - and hammer works, pan pfannenschmieden and Lohgerbereien. Besides also the situation between the winner country favoured on the one hand and the märkischen sour country on the other hand the economic development. At the latest in 18. Century was Olpe and itsbrings closer environment one of the economical centers of the duchy Westphalia.

  • Pan pfannenschmiede (called in Olpe Panneklöpper)

you in Olpe a long tradition and thus also an important role in the life of the city played. Already 1567 gave a guild to the hand handschmiede, the “forging office”. The Schmiede concentratedincreasingly on the production sheet metals. Protected by the charters of the corporation confirmed again and again by the cure princes it succeeded to intersperse the Olper broad breitschmieden a nearly monopoly-like position of the sheet metal production in the southern Westphalia. As memory of the old forging guild there is bronze monument with that on the market place“Panneklöpper”.

  • Hammer works

you were a further guild in the area of Olpe. The hammer works took over important pre-working for the pan pfannenschmiede, in addition, for all other Schmieden. The hammer works were propelled by water power.

  • Mining industry

since center 16. Jhrd. copper mining industry can be proven in the Rhonard.Beside many other small pits in Olpe the “pit Rhonard” was the largest one. It belonged up to the year 1805 to the family estate of the Brabecks. Until it was closed in the year 1890, it was the oldest and last pit in the city of Olpe. Beside copper becamealso iron ore for processing to pans diminished. The moreover one there was small occurrence at silver, mercury and Zinnober.


Medium-size and supraregional active enterprises of different industriesare the supporting columns of the economic happening of the district town. To it belong metallgiessereien, Rohrziehereien, die forging, armature factories, engine works as well as enterprises for electronic products. In addition there are numerous enterprises and companies of the handicraft, handels and service industries. A further important restaurant factor is the tourism.

residents enterprise

  • Karl Jungbecker GmbH & CO, Olpe
  • ohm & Häner GmbH & cost. Kg, Olpe
  • Peterseim GmnH & cost. Kg, Olpe
  • Gebr. Kemper GmbH & cost. Kg, Olpe
  • Schell GmbH & cost. Kg
  • of metal works Gustav Imhäuser GmbH & cost. Kg
work on []

Is appropriate traffic routes and

traffic means [work on

] for rail and

bus traffic the station Olpe to the single-railed Biggetalbahn (railway-course-book-strain 442), on once per hour in the rail local passenger traffic of the Biggesee express (RB 92) after Finnentrop with connection at the Ruhr victory express (RH 16) wrongly.

In the road local passenger traffic numerous operate Buslinien, which Olpe also with its neighbour municipalities and - connect for cities. Operators are the VOLKSWAGENS with seat in victories, a daughter of public utilities Bonn, and the BRS (bus traffic Rhine victory GmbH). In addition lines of the bus company “regional traffic Cologne” drive until Olpe.

Rail and road local passenger traffic are inthe traffic community Westphalia south (VGWS) in summary.

one opens for roads the city Olpe by two federal motorways:

as well as the federal highways B 54 Hagen Olpe victories, B 55 Olpe Lennestadt Meschede.


can undertake navigation ship routes on the Biggesee. There Octobers operate two ships from April to at the end of. A round travel lasts approx. 2 hours. It givesfour Zusteigemöglichkeiten.

cycle tracks

round over the Biggesee and the Listertalsperre are there a closed cycle track net. This leads up to the Biggedamm in corroding thorn.

1,080 km long moving way of the German unit leads moving ways by Olpe. In addition it givesmany small well marked round moving ways.



as daily paper appear in Olpe the expenditures for restaurant

That means also that everyone of these newspapers an own restaurant editorship and/or. an office in Olpehas. Meanwhile all three newspapers appear in the morning, the Siegener newspaper appeared up to the year 2000 as in the afternoon newspaper.


the circle Olpe does not have own Lokalsender and/or. Restaurant radio (like other cities municipalities in North-Rhine/Westphalia it with the radio North-Rhine/Westphalia have). Current one One can receive messages over Olpe only over the radio program of the WDR 2 from Regionalstudios victories, which sends messages from south Westphalia, always to the half hour,

  • Monday Friday: from 6.31 to 17,31 o'clock,
  • Saturday: from 7.31 to 13,31 o'clock.

With a decision of 28. April 2006 is however the circle Olpe proven by the LfK, the responsible supervisory authority for the broadcast in North-Rhine/Westphalia, as possible circulation area for local radio.


Olpe belongs to the editorship area Studio of triumphing, Lokalsender of the WDR. It sends around

  • Mo-Fr: 18.00 -18,05 o'clocka short message overview
  • Mo-SA: 19.30 - 20,00 o'clock the restaurant time south Westphalia with reports, message, etc. from the region.

public mechanisms

  • labour office
  • district court Olpe
  • Forstamt Olpe
  • district house (district administration) Olpe
  • of circle water companies Olpe


hospital “pc. - Martinus hospital”

the hospital became1856 in working group of the church municipality pc. Martinus Olpe based and first of two Vincentinerinnen led. In the year there scarcely 11,000 patients are treated predominantly from Olpe, turns and Drolshagen. About 800 full and partial time forces care for 385 beds. To the hospital belong a surgical hospital, onemedical hospital, a gynaecological clinic, a department of anaesthesia and intensive care with emphasis pain therapy, a diagnostic radiology as well as a psychiatry. Sisters of the Kongregation of the Olper Franziskanerinnen took over 1900 the hospital line. Since 1997 the pc. is led - Martinus hospital as non-profit GmbH, those in the year 2000 with thatcatholic pc. - Josef hospital in Lennestadt Altenhundem to the “catholic hospital company south Westphalia gGmbH” fused. The society attached are among other things a nursing for the sick school and a specialized seminar for old person care as well as an ambulatory dialysis center.

Kinderhospiz Balthasar

as the Kinderhospiz was opened in the year 1998, was it firstits kind in Germany. “Second at home for the whole family” is one of the guidelines of the Kinderhospizes. Both lives and laughter, and dying and mourning can take place here. The whole family is accompanied partially over years up to the death of the child. EveryoneYear are several stays of altogether up to 4 weeks possible.
Carrier: the non-profit “society of the Franziskanerinnen in Olpe ltd.” (GFO).
Financing: 1/3 cost objective such as nursing care insurance and to 2/3 donation funds and self participation of the families.


Olpe is regionally important training and place. It giveshere many different educational facilities.

Schools and Bidlungseinrichtungen in Olpe
primary schools Resuming schools
community primary school Hakemicke Hauptschule: Hakemickeschule city. Community hauptschule
community primary school Dahl Six-form high school: Six-form high school Olpe Drolshagen
catholic confession primary school on the Gallenberg High Schools: City. High School; Pc. - Franziskus High School
catholic confession primary school Düringerschule Technical schools
catholic confession primary school high stone Baker technical school
catholic confession primary school Rhode Berufskollegthe circle Olpe
special schools Fortbildungsakdemien for health assistance
Pestalozzischule, school for learn-obstructed Nursing for the sick schools
Westfäli school for handicapped persons Other educational facilities
Westfäli school for Sehbehinderte Institute for rescue assistant
Westfäli school for languageobstructed School of music
Westfäli school for Schwerhörige People's highschool


it gives most diverse possibilities in Olpeto float in Olpe sport.


in the freshly reconditioned leisure time swimming pool Olpe gives it most diverse basins and Thermalbereiche. In addition also a Saunalandschaft and an open-rir swimming pool belong. In the Imbergschule is there a teaching pool. In separating there is the possibility in the Biggesee under supervisionto swim.


it gives on ten the football fields to eleven soccer associations in Olpe plays. To the cross mountain stadium, the largest of its kind in Olpe, a Rasenplatz and an artificial turf place belong. Altogether find approx. 5000 visitors here place.

winter sports

kept in track Loipen toLanglauf drive gives it with snow into Thieringhausen. Ski-drives off kan one in pale-separates. There there is two double anchor elevators and a Beschneiungsanlage.


  • Westfäli city Atlas; Volume: VIII; 3 volume. On behalf of the historical commission for Westphalia and with support of the landscape federation Westphalia lip,hrsg. by Heinz Stoob † and Wilfried Ehbrecht. City briefcase Olpe, author: Manfred wolf. ISBN: 3-89115-170-5; Dortmund Altenbeken, 2004.
  • Olpe, city and country; Given change of the association for local history for Olpe and environment; Author: Gretel Kemper; Publishing house: The Wiehlandschmiede; ISBN: 3-925498-67-2, Olpe

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