Olympic summer games 1972
XX. Olympic summer games were delivered 1972 in Munich on the resident of Munich olympia area. Other candidate cities were Detroit (the USA), Madrid (Spain) and Montréal (Canada). The sail competitions took place in Kiel .
|XX. Olympic summer games|
|Participating athletes||of 7,132 (6,065 men, 1,058 women)|
|competitions||195 in 23 kinds of sport|
|opening||26. August 1972|
|conclusion celebration||11. September 1972|
|opens olympic|| torch/flare Günther|
|the olympia stadium|| by Gustav Heinemann Federal President olympic|
oath Heidi Schüller (sportsman
|) Heinz||Pollay (|
|complete medal mirror|
table of contents
- sporty Mark of pointed stood out , which won seven gold medals in the swimming competitions altogether and seven times Weltkrekord swam.
- With the ladies the fifteen-year Australian swimmer dominated beautiful Gould with three gold medals in world record time.
- Waleri Borsow won thoseGold medals in 100 - and 200-Meter-Lauf of the gentlemen and silver medal with its crew in the relay run.
- The Finn leaves Virén won to the 5,000 and 10,000 m run.
- One of the most popular Sportlerinnen of the plays was the Soviet Turnerin Olga Korbut, which won two single gold medals.
- Heath Rosendahlthe gold medal in the Weitsprung and with the 4 x 100 m relay, as well as the silver medal in the five-fight won for the Federal Republic of Germany.
- Renate Stecher won the gold medals over 100 and 200 m, as well as the silver medal with the 4 x 100 m relay for the GDR.The duel of the two German lady Sprintstaffeln was one of the high points of the plays.
- The only sixteen-year-old pupil Ulrike Meyfarth won those gold medal in the Hochsprung.
- Klaus Wolfermann in the Speerwurf over the legendary Jaanis Luusis celebrated an exciting and historically scarce victory with “olympic record”.
were overshadowed the plays by the murder of two Israeli athletes and the taking of hostages of nine Israeli athletes, which were likewise murdered shortly thereafter in the context of the release action, by the Palestinian terror command of black Septembers to 5. September. The Geiselnehmer demanded the release of200 in Israel arrested Arabs. Federal Minister of the Interior Genscher, after arrangement with Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt, assured to the Geiselnehmern that they could to be gone on a trip in the evening as desired from Munich Riem to Cairo. Brought against this promise Geiselnehmer and hostages after long delays to the military airport prince-field-bridge, where itselfthe worst debacle crisis managements of the German Federal Republic occurred. With the missed release attempt on the Fürstenfeldbrucker airport under the eyes of Federal Minister of the Interior Genscher and CDU/CSU-Fraktionssprecher Franz Josef bunch were killed all hostages, one police officer and five of the eight terrorists. After official Lesart had alone the Geiselnehmer the responsibilityfor the death of the hostages. The survivors Geiselnehmer denied this however, by stating, the helicopter of the Israelis by the German safety forces themselves under fires were taken. Even if this remained disputed, the tragedy became the Politikum and applies until today as assassination attempt.The plays were continued afterwards after one mourning day, whereby a small number of athletes preferred it to leave prematurely. (see also:Olympic tragedy, Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) - the Red Army parliamentary group (RAF) chronology: Geiselnehmer as " terrorists “, a Apologie of the Red Army parliamentary group)
the assassination attempt became instrumentalisiert2005 films:Munich
- the music „introduction of the nations “to the opening celebration was composed and arranged by orchestra leader briefly Edelhagen using nationaltypical melodies. The press wrote in addition: „With briefly Edelhagens music already earned itself Germany the first gold medal “. Appeared politically problematicEdelhagen the selection of the music with the invasion of the GDR sportsmen. In order to go to discussions out of the way, it finally wrote a new music with the title at the Elbe. The invasion of the crew of the Federal Republic should originally with the sounds of the desert to the joy by Ludwig van Beethoven to be accompanied; since this melody had been however already Olympiahymne for the all-German crews of the olympic plays from 1956 to 1964, Edelhagen decided for high on the yellow car.
- Color bearer with the opening celebration for the crew of the Federal Republic of Germanythe Kanut Detlef Lewe was, for those the German Democratic Republic of the Boxer Manfred cloud.
- The actor Joachim Fuchsberger was the Stadionsprecher with the opening and conclusion celebration and the chief speaker of all Stadionsprecher. With the conclusion celebration there was a message that an unknown flying objectitself the stadium closer. One put the heavy decision whether the arena should be vacated or not, in Fuchsbergers of hands. He feared a mass panic and decided against evacuation. The airplane turned off. He says this very day, that would be the heaviest decision of its lifebeen.
- The Olympiahostess Silvia Sommerlath learned during the plays her future married man king Carl XVI. Gustav of Sweden know.
- The football crew of the Federal Republic of Germany was gespickt with nor amateurs, who later attained world fame in different function. Played: Uli Hoeness, Manfred Kaltz and Ottmar Hitzfeld.
- With the marathon race a joker stole the show from the winner franc Shorter, by mogelte itself briefly at the end of running before the stadium in sport clothes and wrong reporting number before Shorter in running. The notionless public celebrated this instead of actual winners with large Ovationen.
Otl Aicher was organization representative of the plays. Beside the color pattern inspierierten by the Pop kind developed also the ark-typical pictograms, which are used until today with many control systems (e.g. Airport Frankfurt). The Logo is used until today by the Lotterie “luck spiral”.House writing was those university University of 55
of all buildings is the prägnannteste the olympia stadium with the roof of freely Otto.
demonstration kinds of sport
Web on the left of
- side of the IOC to the summer games of 1972
- general ones, very detailed side to the olympic plays 1972
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