of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see Ontario (term clarifying).
Wahlspruch: Ut Inc. pit Fidelis Sic Permanet
“you began loyal and loyal will remain”
office language English
capital Toronto
largest city Toronto
head of the government Dalton McGuinty
surface 1.076.395 km ²
number of inhabitants 12.541.410 (1. July 2005)
Population density 11.7 Ew. /km ²
entry to the Canadian federation 1. July 1867
time belt (UTC -5 to -6)
seats in the parliament House of Commons 103, senate 24
ISO 3166-2 CA-ON
Karte Kanadas, Lage des Landes hervorgehoben

Ontario is a Canadian province. With 39% liveshere the largest population portion of the country.Ottawa, the capital of Canada, lies likewise in Ontario. The name Ontario is meant a irokesisches word and “beautiful lake” or “beautiful water”.

Table of contents


Ontario borders in the north on the Hudson Bay and the Jamesbai, in the east on Quebec, south on thoseUS-American Federal States Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York and west to the province Manitoba. The southern border to the USA consists mainly of rivers and lakes, beginning with the Lake OF the Woods. Itcontinues to run at the sinking Lorenz stream in close proximity to Cornwall and large lakes.

There are approximately 250,000 lakes in the province and together over 100.000 km of rivers. The capital of the province and at the same time largest city Toronto is an importantArea in the population centre around the Ontariosee. The Canadian capital Ottawa is to far in the east of the province because of the Ottawa River, whatever forms the border to the neighbour province Quebec.

The province consists geographically of three main regions:

  • the Canadian sign northwestand central convenient. The country is mainly unfruchtbar, but rich there at minerals. Besides it is covered with rivers and lakes.
  • the swampy and wooded Hudson Bay Lowlands northeast convenient, and
  • the fruitful Great Lakes Saint Lawrence Valley in the southwith many industrial plants and agriculturally used areas.

See also: List of the municipalities in Ontario


before the Europeans the region, inhabited Algonkin ( Anishinabe, Cree and Algonkin ) and Irokesen reached - trunks (Irokesen, Wyandot) the country. The French discoverer Étienne Brûlé visited the area in the years 1610 to 1612. In the year 1611 the Englishman Henry Hudson segelte into the late Hudson Bay designated after him and explained it as the British area. Samuel de Champlain reached 1615 the Huronsee. At this time French mission acres began to establish small Vorposten along the large seas. The Irokesen, which had been received an alliance with the Englishmen, endangers however these French settlements.

The Englishmenestablished in late 17. Century commercial post to the Hudson Bay, had however for their dominance in Ontario to be afraid. That Paris peace of 1763, which terminated the seven-year-old war in Europe, led however to the fact that nearly all French areas (New France) to the Englishmen fell.

1840 are combined the anglophone Ontario (Upper Canada) with the frankophonen Québec (Lower Canada) to itself governing Canada. At the 1. July 1867 becomes “Canada” (the today's provinces Ontario andQuébec) together with new Scotland and new Braunschweig to the Dominion OF Canada (Canadian federation) raised.

See also: Frenchman and Indian war


the province Ontario is since 2004 the largest car - manufacturing plant in North America. The promontory between thatNortheast from Detroit has itself 3 lakes as a cluster from car manufacturers (Ford, General of engine and DaimlerChrysler) and suppliers develops. Each sixth car in North America is built in this province. About 138000 inhabitants of Ontario work inthis branch of industry.

A national network “car 21” consisting of 230 researchers of 37 Canadian enterprises and 110 partners of the industry and public organizations works on the development from Canada to a prominent nation in the area of the research andDevelopment of automobiles. [www.auto21.ca]

structure of population

the total population of the province Ontario distributes itself as follows on the individual age groups (conditions: 1. July 2003):

Age group inhabitant
0-14 years 2.307 millions
15-64 years 8.385 millions
65+ years 1,546 millions

largest cities

city inhabitant
14. May of 1996
15. May 2001
Toronto 2.385.421 2.481.494
Ottawa 721,136 774,072
Mississauga 544,382 612,925
Hamilton 467,799 490,268
London 325,669 336,539
Brampton 268,251 325,428
Windsor 197,694 208,402
Kitchener 178,420 190.399
Markham 173,383 208,615
Greater Sudbury 165,336 155,219
Burlington 136,976 150,836
Oshawa 134,364 139,051
Vaughan 132,549 182,022
Saint Catharines 130,926 129,170
Oakville 128,405 144,738
Thunder Bay 113,662 109,016
Kingston 112,605 114,195
Chatham cent 109,350 107,341
smelling moon Hill 101,725 132,030
Cambridge 101,429 110.372
Guelph 95,821 106,170
Brantford 84,764 86,417
Sault Sainte Marie 80,054 74,566
Barrie 79,191 103,710
Pickering 78,989 87,139
Waterloo 77,949 86,543
Niagara of case 76,917 78,815
Whitby 73,794 87,413
Sarnia 72,738 70,876
Peterborough 69,742 71,446
Kawartha Lakes 67,926 69,179
Ajax 64,430 73.753
Clarington 60,615 69,834
Norfolk 60,534 60,847
Newmarket 57,125 65,788
North Bay 54,332 52,771
waving and 48,411 48,402
Timmins 47,499 43,686
Cornwall 47,403 45,640
Belleville 46,195 45,986
Halton Hills 42,390 48,184
Haldimand 42,041 43,728
Quinte west 41,676 41,409
Caledon 39,893 50.595

famous personalities from Ontario

of sons and daughters of the city

work on []

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