of these articles treats the musical Oratorium; further meanings see under Oratorium (term clarifying)

Oratorium (kirchenlat. oratorium = praying house, of lat. orare = “pray”) call one in the musical form teachings the dramatic, multipart Vertonung of a mostly religious action, distributed on several persons (e.g. Jesus,or several angels and the storyteller), choir and orchestra. It is a tell-dramatic (thus with action elements interspersed) composition.

Table of contents

to form

the action manual supplies in the Oratorium of the storytellers (Historicus, Testo or EH gelist). It places the framework action in Rezitativen to the public forwards (as in lower example, which was inferred from Johannespassion from Johann Sebastian of brook). Again to it sealed texts are dargeboten by choir and soloist. The materials for a Oratorium mostly originate from the old person or New will, also holy legends Oratorienthemen can be.

The following air is in Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdys Oratorium “Elias “.

Oratorium and opera

the Oratorium are specified contrary to the opera exclusively konzertant (not szenisch), the action find thus only into thatTexts and in the music instead of. The fundamental difference between opera and Oratorium consists of the fact that the opera covers to a large extent lay materials, while the Oratorium more concentrates on religious stories. Oratorien are specified traditionally in church environment. The operamoves in the circle of its own opera house and falls back only rarely to the premises of a church. Oratorium and opera affected each other always mutually, for example in the introduction of the since-capo-air from the opera, which was made by Alessandro Scarlatti.


The musical Oratorium developed from the prayer meetings of the holy Philipp Neri, under co-operation of the composer Giovanni Pierluigi there Palestrina out. The earliest Oratorium might be Rappresentazione di Anima e di Corpo (representation of the soul and the body) of Emilio de' Cavalieri, inYears 1600 in Rome one uraufgeführt.

Among the most well-known this very day frequently specified Oratorien rank brookWeihnachtsoratorium “(strictly taken it concerns here a consequence of 6 independent Kantaten), likewise its “matte house passion “and its” Johannespassion “; of the “Messiah “of trade, although it wrote still further Oratorien (z. B. “Belshazzar “); “The creation “of Joseph Haydn, which became a great success for the composer, as well as Felix Mendelssohn BartholdysElias “and” Paulus “. The most well-known“lay” Oratorium might be the seasons of Joseph Haydn.

The romance remained faithful for the category with Beethovens “Christ to oil mountains “ of 1800, Mendelssohns Oratorien Paulus and Elias as well as the works Louis Spohrs mentioned above. Trade choirs had thereby large influence on thoseOrganization of the choir portions. In the broader sense one can rank also Robert Schumanns “the Paradies and the Peri “(1843), and Franz Liszts “legend of holy Elizabeth” (1862) among it. (Liszts work by the way exhibits strong parallels to smelling pool of broadcasting corporations of Wagners opera “Tannhäuser “.) inFrance remained the Oratorium under the designation Drame sacré or Mystère in 19. Century likewise likes. Hector Berlioz (“L'enfance you Christian”), Camille of Saint sowing and César Franck delivered here the religious dramas to the French public.

20. Century knows a multiplicity of Oratorienformen. Onegeneral guideline is not to be determined, instead appears many different solutions.Arthur Honegger locked 1921 its Oratorium “Le roi David “, Igor Strawinsky developed with “oedipus Rex “(1927) a Zwischenform of opera and Oratorium - the workcan, does not have to be specified however compellingly szenisch.Arnold beautiful mountain contributed with “the rung and cable ladder “(1917-22) its contribution to the kind. Also Michael Tippetts “A Child OF Our Time “(1939-41) belongs to the well-known Oratorien 20. Century.

See also

portal: Church music


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