an orchestra, Greek ὀρχήστρα (orchestra = dance place, D. h. a semicircular place before the stage of a Greek theatre, on which a choir danced) is a larger instrument aluminum ensemble, particularly for the performance classical music toEmployment comes. However bends volume also now and then „maintenance orchestra calls itself “. Occasionally Sinfonieorchester are consulted also for Popmusik. An important role plays the Sinfonieorchester also in the film music.
Large orchestras, in which all typical groups of instruments are represented, are called Sinfonieorchester or philharmonische orchestras,whereby these two designations a difference in occupation or role of an orchestra cannot help suggest, but, different orchestras of a city to differentiate (z. B. the citizens of Berlin Philharmonics of the citizen of Berlin Symphonie core). A small orchestra or an orchestra, in which most voices are simply occupied(for example strike ago), also chamber orchestra is called.
Table of contents
in the Sinfonieorchester standing strike ago, whose voices are occupied in groups, to the other groups of instruments, which are individually occupied, opposite.
The groups of instruments(arranged according to the arrangement in the score):
- of percussion instruments:
- strike ago:
it can be added still further instruments, which are firmly occupied however rarely in German occupation orchestras. In addition z belong. B.
- Key instruments such as piano, Cembalo, Organ, Celesta
- modern advancements of classical orchestral instruments such as saxophone, Heckelphon and Wagnertuba
- original military instruments like the wing horn
- of pulling instruments from folklore or jazz such as Mandoline, guitar, Balalaika or Zither
- of tongue instruments such as accordion or Bandoneon
- electronic instruments such as Ondes March emergency or Trautonium
nowadays the musicians are normally led by a conductor, although in the start time orchestras did not have a conductor and instead of its first violonist (Concert masters) or the general bass playing Cembalist this role noticed. Also some few modern orchestras get along without a conductor, particularly smaller orchestras, which specialized in the historical performance practice of age music. Likewise the Viennese Philharmonics do not have constant since 1933Conductor more. The line takes over the first violonist, besides alternating guest conductors are invited.
against the prevailing opinion, orchestra samples find not always in full occupation instead of (doing tip robe), but it first often find specimens of the different voices or groups of instruments instead of (Register samples). This serves to control the music in the individual groups well before the different voices are joined to a whole one. However this procedure is complex and in many orchestras from lack of time only before important concerts such as premieres or photographs is used.
|Wiktionary: Orchestra - word origin, synonyms and translations|