|Coat of arms||map|
|federation subject:||Oblast Orenburg|
|kind of municipality:|
|Surface:||??? km ²|
|Height:||150 meters and. NN|
|postal zip codes:|
|Telephone preselection:||7+ (35 32)|
of the city administration:
|List of the cities in Russia|
Orenburg (Russian Оренбург) is the capital of the Oblast Orenburg in the federation circle Volga, European Russia, with 542.679 inhabitants (conditions: 2004). Orenburg lies1,480 km southeast from Moscow, nearby the border to Kazakhstan, whose first capital was even it into the 1920er years.
Table of contents
Orenburg is southwest the south from runner of the Urals mountains. The city is on approximately 150 meters over the sea level at the inlet of the Sakmara into the Urals, the Orenburg flows through and a part of the borderbetween Europe and Asia forms.
the city Orenburg was created 1743 as an outguard of Russia at the border to at that time unexplored Asia. Orenburg was city and fortress in one. By a war and a major fire end 18. Century burned the citythen also equivalent again to the half off, however the absolute east border of the well-known area formed to 1750. In the baroque style thereupon several at that time famous churches in the city built, which were visited also by several Zaren. The city attained likewise great importance as cattle trade place, predominantlyfor sheep.
In 19. Then different military governors tried century to bring culture and life into the city which had eastward meanwhile lost its outguard character by further penetrating of the Kosaken. 1838 were built a today still standing mosque, for 1895 a further large church intypically Russian again-Byzantine style.
Followed the October Revolution 1917 and the civil war, in which the communists achieved power over the city. 20 of 21 churches thereupon into the 1930er years torn, much historical built volumes lost the city. At meaning it recovered thenin the war years 1941 - 45, when from the west of the Soviet Union at that time because of occupation by the Germans numerous enterprises were evacuated after Orenburg. This released a large industrialization thrust, which also continued thereafter and is still visible today in the city. Betweenthe number of inhabitants doubled itself and to the 60's 30's. From 1938 to 1957 the city was called after the pilot Tschkalow.
Only since 1990 to restore the remaining historical buildings some beautiful road courses already placing certification is again tried over it. Also became for the first time againsome buildings in the traditional style establishes, probably from longing of the Orenburger after the lost old town centre.
objects of interest
defiance the disk's building suburbs and industrial plants the city is very beautiful in the entire one by the magnificent town centre, because the beautiful buildings distributed over the whole town centremake the city art and cultural center. Some attractions are beside the klassizistischen cathedral sank Nikolai only the old Urals bridge with a building ensemble from that, released for pedestrians, 18. /19. Century in the background and the Monument at the border between Europe and Asia, unweite of it,the city hall, the opera, the art museum and many other museums, churches and academies. Away from the Urals river leads the most important shopping street of the city, which is enough several kilometers boulevard-similar Ulitsa Sowjetskaja, at whose also the city museum stands for an end.
outside of the town centre is Orenburg coined/shaped from the industry (v. A. Mechanical engineering, food, textile and gas), in addition, of the character as regional center with university, several theatres and entertainment places.
Orenburg is because of the crossing of two main streets important in the south Urals, those from SAM era to Orsk and/or. from Ufa to oral in neighbouring Kazakhstan lead. The main clearing race running by Orenburg leads from Moscow directly into the metropolises Nowosibirsk and Barnaul in Siberia. Orenburg has a smaller airport with regular connections into different other Russian metropolises as well as isolated international flightsamong other things to Germany, v.a. by Russian-Germans originating from the region to be used. The public local passenger traffic is exclusively based on a system from trolley buses and further city bus lines.
in the city existing resuming educational facilities
- faculty of the state academy for oil and gas
- branch thatMilitary university for air defense of the armed forces of the Russian federation
- branch of the national commercial university Moscow
- branch of the national legal academy Moscow
- branch of the first legal institute Moscow
- branch of the institute for employers and right in Moscow
- branch of the institute for engineers of the Eisenbahnverkehrs in SAM era
- Institut forEconomics and culture
- national agrarian university Orenburg
- national medicine academy Orenburg
- national one educational University of Orenburg
- national University of Orenburg
- urban higher Kolleg Orenburg for Natur-und Geisteswissenschaften
- region-spreading Institut for management
of sons and daughters of the city
- Jewgraf Stepanowitsch Fjodorow, Russian crystallographer and Mineraloge
- Georgi Maximilianowitsch Malenkow, Soviet politician
- Alexander Schmorell, joint founder of the group of resistances „white rose “
- Pjotr Rytschkow (1712-1772), Orenburgi topography, Leipzig and Weimar 1983
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coordinates: 51°47 ′ N 55°06 ′ O