Osterholz Scharmbeck

coat of arms map
Wappen Osterholz-Scharmbeck Deutschlandkarte, Position von Osterholz-Scharmbeck hervorgehoben
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Lower Saxony
district: Osterholz
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 53° 13 ′ N, 8° 48 ′ O
53° 13 ′ N, 8° 48 ′ O
surface: 147 km ²
inhabitants: 31.055 (30. June 2005)
Population density: 212 Einwohner/km ²
height: 11 m and. NN
postal zip code: 27711
preselection: 04791
Kfz characteristics: OHZ
municipality key: 03 3 56 007
city arrangement: Town center and 9 localities
address
of the city administration:
City hall road 1
27711 Osterholz Scharmbeck
Website: www.osterholz-scharmbeck.de
politics
mayor: Martin Wagener (SPD)
picture
Lauf des Giehler Bachs und der Hamme von der Langen Heide ins Teufelsmoor bis zur Mündung in die Lesum.
run of the Giehler of brook and thatHamme of being enough heath in the devil moorland up to the delta into the Lesum.

Osterholz Scharmbeck is northeast a district town in the north of Lower Saxony, of the Hanseatic city Bremen, and seat of the district Osterholz.


Table of contents

Geografie

geographical layer

the city Osterholz Scharmbeck lowlandses lie approx. in the north German. 22 kilometers northnortheast from Bremen. The city is the close Hamme - with which the city by that Osterholzer port channel actual connected and connects by the Hamme Oste channel as tributary of the Weser this with the Elbe. The city borders on the devil moorland on its edge also the artist village Worpswede is.


city arrangement

the city Osterholz Scharmbeck consists of the town centerand the nine localities:


Further local parts, which form however no administrative sub-structure, are in alphabetical order:

  • Ear field - old person-bridge - old person dam - on the Raden -On the Rusch
  • Bargten - Bredbeck - shrub living - Büttel
  • field yard - Haslah - behind the horn - Katz horn - long heath - Lintel
  • mash-chew - Myhle - Niedersandhausen - Ovelgönne - Ruschkamp - Settenbeck
  • Vorwohlde - westhereditaryhit a corner - Wiste.

geology

ThoseLandscape in the city of Osterholz Scharmbeck is coined/shaped of the transition of the final morainic landscape of Weser mouths Geest in the devil moorland. Both landscape types are part glazialen series of the Saale ice age, which formed the north German lowlandses.

The Geestrücken rises in the western part of the city in being enough heath up toa height of 48 m and. NN. The long heath is the source area of the Hamme and numerous smaller rivers, like the Drepte, the Scharmbecker brook, the Wienbeck and the Schönebecker Aue. The Geestrücken falls eastward within the town center up to 4m and.N.N. off. The eastern quarters lie already in the devil moorland, which was formed by the Urstromtal of the Hamme.

politics

town councillor

Allocation of seats:</br>Local election SPD CDU the Green FDP citizen parliamentary group => Seats
9. September 2001 20 11 2 1 4 = 25


The next elections of town councillor and mayor become to 10. September 2006 take place. The mayor is then selected for the first time for one office period by eight years by the population.


coat of arms

in the center coats of arms stands a angepflockter bull, itstands for the supraregional meaning annual cattle market of the city, which today still as Scharmbecker autumn market is celebrated.

(To the honour of the historical importantness of these animals the city organized Osterholz Scharmbeck in the summer 2000 under the slogan: „The bulls are the matter “an art action. In the entire city became creativeverzierte (nearly) life-large plastic cattle set up. The probably most exposed of these bulls is to be found this very day (2006) on the market place of Scharmbeck at the old hose-drying tower.)

the three weber boats gives the reference to the Scharmbecker Tuchmacherzunft of the city; the arrangement in triangle-hit a corner is for diligence. Alsothe colors have meaning: Blue and yellow point - as in the coat of arms of Lilienthal - on the time as „Swedish residence “from 1648 to 1715 . However was blue already the color seal coat of arms of those “from Sandbeck” from the property Sandbeck. The silver stripin the country field (green for hope), symbolizes the Scharmbecker brook, which was so important for the Scharmbecker Tuchmacherzunft.

partnerships between cities

since that 27. March 1990 maintains Osterholz Scharmbeck a partnership between cities with the city Grimmen in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.


developing history of the city

Major item: History of Osterholz Scharmbeck

the place Osterholz Scharmbeck developed only due to the union of the places Osterholz and Scharmbeck in the year 1927. With the building of the railway line Bremen Geestendorf (Bremerhaven) for the first time in the year 1862 both marks the Osterholz and Scharmbeck became in the today's way of writingsummarized; a considerable economic ascent began, since numerous industries (tobacco processing, iron foundry, dockyard, rice works) could be established.1911 are added with the opening of the Bremervörde Osterholzer railway (GUST) a further important traffic facility. The two localities remained however still further decades independently. Only to 24. May 1927 the district Stade of the country Prussia carried out the combination of Osterholz and Scharmbeck as well as the land municipalities ear field, Bargten and Sandbeckerbruch to the increased mark municipality Osterholz Scharmbeck. 1929 received the municipality Osterholz Scharmbeck then municipal rights by the Prussian Department of State of the inside.

first settling

thoseSettlement history of the area decreases/goes back into the Jungsteinzeit . Around 10.000 v.Chr. touch hunters, collecting tanks and Fischer over the “Osterholzer Geest” and the adjacent moorlands; their presence is occupied by the numerous finds by splinter measurers and heads of the arrow, that are issued for example in the local history museum Osterholz.Some of these early visitors of the Geest demonstrably established, there with numerous excavations also traces of a primitive agriculture (for example axes) will be found.

Obvious certification of the settlement is that about 2000 v. Chr. established large stone grave, a leg-printing stone grave at the today's Osterholzer road inCity centre. This Hünengrab or Hünenstein well received chamber grave mentioned is dated on an age by approximately 4000 years.

Steingrab in Osterholz-Scharmbeck (Vorderseite)
Stone grave in Osterholz Scharmbeck (front)
Scharmbecker Bach am Marktplatz in Scharmbeck
Scharmbecker brook at the market place in Scharmbeck
St.-Willehadi-Kirche und Schlauchturm (mit Kunststoffrind)
pc. - Willehadi church and hose-drying tower (with plastic cattle)
Klosterkirche St. Marien in Osterholz
monastic church pc. Marien in Osterholz
Holländermühle von Rönn
dutchman mill of Rönn
Wassermühle hinter der St.-Willehadi-Kirche
Wassermühle behind the pc. - Willehadi church
Marktplatz von Osterholz-Scharmbeck
Market place of Osterholz Scharmbeck
Hammewiesen am Kirchdammgraben in Osterholz
Hammewiesen at the Kirchdammgraben in Osterholz
Vorderseite des Haupthauses von Gut Sandbeck
front of the main house of property Sandbeck



such large stone graves were replaced at the funerals the Bronzezeit by grave hills, like it itself today e.g. in the quarter Garlstedt find. The Garlstedter probably places the most important find in one of these graves Lure . Fragments this bronze-temporal Germanic wind instrument discovered the 1830 with roadworks represent at present southernmost find of such an instrument.

Scharmbeck

the first documentary mention Scharmbecks goes back into the year 1043 (Scirnbeci). From this time probably originatealso the foundations of the church pc. Willehadi at the market place.

1233 are called the settlement „Sandbeck “. Both names refer to the Scharmbecker brook, a small tributary of the Hamme, which pulls the places through Scharmbeck and Osterholz.

In later centuries the brook attained substantial economic meaningfor the place Scharmbeck and starting from 1581 was promoted the place to one of the first larger cloth Mach he settlements in to north Germans the area and supplied apart from the army supplies above all of Bremen the market. The Scharmbecker Tuchmacherzunft existed up to the year 1903 and in the twentieth century säumten thereforenumerous Wassermühlen the brook run, which served as milling mills. Today however only a Wassermühle is in the city with functional Mühlrad received to 12, to in. Water retaining structure Fehsenfeld behind the pc. built century. Willehadi - church belonged, which was a grain mill. Up to the transformation of the place Geestendorf in Bremerhaven Scharmbeck was the most important market and trade place between Bremen and Cuxhaven and above all since 1692 held Scharmbecker the cattle market possessed also supraregional meaning.

Osterholz

the term Osterholz owes the city of the establishment of the Osterholzer of monastery in the year 1182 through Siegfried I. of notion. The Basilika of the monastery is still received. The Osterholz continued to grow to marks, rose to the administrative seat (office Osterholz} up, from which 1885 formed by pool with the office Lilienthal the district Osterholz. Further history was upReason of the direct proximity identically to of Scharmbeck; both belonged up to the end of the dreissigjährigen war to the ore diocese Bremen.


town development and modernization

a coining/shaping event of the modern times were to 17. October 1978 the opening of the Lucius D. Clay - barracksin the distant local part Garlstedt for the 2nd Armoured division “bright on wheels” from Texas of a Vorhut of the 75. US brigade. With quartering of 7500 Americans (4083 soldiers, 2500 civilians) the city received in fact the status of a garrison and had to be structurally supplemented. For those2500 civilians (later up to 4000) and the part of the soldiers, who along-brought their family and therefore not in the barracks in Garlstedt, but in the town center be accommodated should, had to be created dwelling and infrastructure. In the Kuwait conflict (the second Gulf War) that becamelargest part of the US soldiers 1992 to the gulf brought, the Americans use this opportunity after barracks end of this war to close. That means at the 1. October 1993 is carried out an official „flag catching up “and the barracks of the German Federal Armed Forces and used as troop school are handed over.

Those so farwith Americans 96 city dwellings within the range occupied high mountain Mozart route throttling race bought the city for a total price of 12.5 million DM. Together with other dwellings the city had thus about 220 dwellings (usually mehstöckige of block) temporarily in its possession. That was half throughthe Americans occupied objects and should the flat let for rent market as subsidized low-rent housings to defuse help. However carried by the fast completion the emergence of social focuses, there the cheap dwelling to a concentration of poorer families (frequent with migration background) led.

The large American school becomes onenew “integrated comprehensive school “(IGS) converted. The number of inhabitants of the city grows among other things by this redefinition of the dwelling on scarce over 30.000.

belongs

to religions the majority of the inhabitants Osterholz Scharmbecks to the Evangelical-Lutheran regional church. The city has with the two historical churches alsotwo church municipalities, pc. Willehadi (Scharmbeck) and pc. Marien (Osterholz, monastic church). Some citizens are Roman-catholic faith, them are organized in the church municipality holy family. Besides there are still different Christian groups and free churches, so for example a Baptisten - brothers - anda neuapostolische municipality. The moreover one are organized some the Muslims in the Islamic culture association in OHZ. There is a mosque for some time in Osterholz Scharmbeck also.

From murdered the fellow citizens Jewish during the NS time and refugees witness to today a Gedenktafel, after thatOutline ramshackle of the old synagog in the station route, become, was established in the year 2004, as well as a small Jewish cemetery. (A further monument for the torn off synagog from some columns and a stone table is in planning.)

incorporations

according to the decree of the upper presidentin the year 1936 the integration of the municipalities shrub living, took place Lintel, westhereditaryhits a corner and a part of case mountain.

The federal state parliament of Lower Saxony decides to 13. June 1973 a law, after with effect of the 1. March 1974 the municipalities Garlstedt, welfare horn, case mountain, Ohlenstedt, Pennigbüttel, sand living, Scharmbeckstotel,Devil moorland and the largest part of the municipality Freissenbüttel into the city Osterholz Scharmbeck to be integrated.

inhabitant development


culture and objects of interest

theatres and music

the property Sandbeck, whose plant was restored approximately around the main house into the 1980er years, serve today as cultural center the city. The program is enough from classical concerts and meetings of the “art associationOsterholz " up to performances of the Scharmbecker Speeldeel, which particularly admits for its flat-German program is.

The cultural center small station registered association. (KuZ) near the today's station of Osterholz Scharmbeck addresses itself with its changing program to rather June gene an alternative public. The original historical station building is onethe buildings, which were arranged architectural by the Worpsweder artist Heinrich Vogeler.

museums

on the area of the former restaurant yard of the Benediktinerinnenklosters is the museum plant of the culture donation district Osterholz. In six historical buildings the actual local history museum, a going through museum, is north GermansBird museum and the museum for navigation and peat dismantling accommodated. The history of the Osterholz Scharmbecker museums began with the establishment „of the homeland and museum association Osterholz” in the year 1929, which found their list starting from 1960 in the Findorffhaus. 1976 took over the district, 1999 the “culture donation district Osterholz” thatexistence of homeland-historical and naturkundlichen objects, substantially grown.

  • Address: On-board route 42
  • opening times: Saturday and Sundays 10-17 o'clock.


buildings and other objects of interest

beside mentioned both old churches and the property Sandbeck the already is surely the outstanding architectural monument of the city Osterholz Scharmbeck the dutchman millof Rönn. This two-story gallery dutchman with wind rose and sail wings is considered as the landmark of the city. Exposed at one of the highest places of the city the mill is far away visible and accommodates the biological station Osterholz registered association. (BIOS), which among other things (in the Internet accessible) the meteorological datathe city seizes. Further windmills are at the port in the quarter Osterholz (however without wings) and in the quarter Sandhausen Myhle. This mill originates from the year 1795.

The Wassermühle behind the church pc. Wilhadi is the only received milling mill at the Scharmbecker brook, inQuarter Scharmbeckstotel is however a further attraction. The Wassermühle at the Ruschkamp originates from the year 1662 and further ready for operation. Landschaftlich particularly attractively are surely the Osterholzer Hammewiesen. Behind the old monastery plant in Osterholz one finds this damp meadow area, that direct the entrance to the devil moorlandforms. For some years are here because of the wide furnished protection surfaces also again to observe apart from other kinds of bird, numerous pairs of storks. In the forest area “Elm” and “Schmidts Kiefern” between the quarters welfare horn and Garlstedt are worth to go oneself it on archaeological tracing. Here are, as withStone grave in the city centre of Osterholz Scharmbeck, further certifications of the earlyhistorical settlement of the area in form of various grave hills with Urnengräbern. The local centre of the quarter Garlstedt with its marvelously received rural village structure can be used thereby as outstanding starting point for a migration. At the river Drepte, norththe golf course, the breaking into man mill, a yard plant with Wassermühle from that is appropriate for 14. Century. In the youth education center Bredbeck take place constantly seminars and meetings from the verschiedensden ranges. Before the main house, which is in in the middle a piece of forest in Freissenbüttel, is among other things a free light stage,some pond plants and a sports field, which measured just like the landscape to sporty manipulation and for easing more directly energize.

In warm summers the Ohlenstedter invites source lakes in the locality Ohlenstedt by its favorable situation with expanded beaches to bathing; in addition, the Liegewiesen of the All-weather bath with its its visitors telescope-resound in the city centre find.

In November 2005 town hall finished placed offers place for larger Events with up to 1000 persons. The spectrum reaches here over music, Comedy, Kabarett and art up to fairs, political Veranstalltungen or (alsoprivate) Festivitäten and balls.

parks and zoos

  • of the Scharmbecker city park between “Lindenstr.§ and “the water retaining structure Fehsenfeld” at the Scharmbecker brook
  • the monastery wood, a book-rich hardwood forest in the city centre zwische station and Tinzenberg
  • Osterholzer city park to “the Bahnhofstr. ”
  • “Zoo Ludwig desire” at “the Garlstedter Kirchweg” (Bargten) also60 animal species. Opened for instance of the 1. April up to 31. October.

regular meetings

  • April: Autostock exchange
  • May: „Publica “fair for household, garden etc.
  • June: City celebration
  • August: Osterholzer harvest celebration
  • Octobers: Scharmbecker autumn market
  • November: November ball of the VSK
  • December: Weihnachtsmarkt

dialects/languages

by thoseIntroduction of the high German was back-pushed also in Osterholz Scharmbeck Niederdeut. Today it disappeared from the town center nearly completely, although the flat German is quite maintained and in the district with the rural population is still strongly common.

But the high-level language has quite something „abbekommen “; lessbecause in the city also times „Missingsch is spoken “for example on the Scharmbecker autumn market, but itself the linguistic usage similarly as that of Bremen dialect „bent “has, whereby in this region „S is not spoken sharply “however, as for instance with „of Bremen the pepper bags “,a in former times common - easily adverse - name for „arrogant “of Bremen (and Hamburg one) buyers.

By the many refugees starting from 1945 also eastPrussian and schlesische dialects kept inconspicuous to introduction, but since the descendants do not maintain these dialects, it remains also in Osterholz Scharmbeck a becoming extinct language sample. Probablycan only linguists today still some taken over leaning words with the local population make.

Is to be heard by the influx of Migranten from Eastern Europe since the 1990er years by „the German Russians “also pure Russian on the roads and naturally also since recent time sodesignated „Kanak Sprak “the immigrant with Turkish or Arab language background.

the city

does not possess culinary specialities its own urban speciality; one practices the north German kitchen:

From December to approximately at the beginning of March is „Kohl time “; that is called Kohl travels with following green Kohl meal from green Kohl with Pinkelwurst (or Kohl sausage) and salt potatoes in the restaurants are offered. A special Ambiente surely represents thereby the possibility of completing such a travel with a peat punt or with the moorland express.

In spring „asparagus time is “with variation-rich courts made of asparagus upthe season map. Deftiges remains however the whole year over „announced “; for example roasting potatoes with Knipp; as regional-typical refeed - here also gladly „dessert “mentioned - offers itself one „red Grütze “.

On the May market, starting from 2006 the no more of thatCity is organized, would be it „typical “feather-white to be drunk and a bulb cake to be fed. And as almost traditional the meal of a plate must be designated filled with pea soup on the Scharmbecker autumn market in October.

economics and infrastructure

traffic

Traffic-moderate connection exists Cuxhaven to the train connections Bremen - Bremerhaven - and to the motorway A 27 (Walsrode - Cuxhaven). The moreover one Osterholz Scharmbeck is because of the federal highway 74, which connects Bremen with Bremervörde and Stade.

moorland express

with to 23. June 1909 opened Kleinbahn of the Bremervörde Osterholzer railway (GUST) got the city 1911 their first regular connection with the devil moorland, Worpswede and Bremervörde. The passenger traffic of the moorland express became to 18. March 1978 on penalty of the VBN shifts. An enterprise with special travels (weekend/summer) becomesmaintained.

port and port channel

between 1765 and 1766 were built under supervision of the moorland commissioner Jürgen Christian Findorff of the Osterholzer port channel. The channel was put on beside Tietjens hut and is long some kilometers, so that the harbor basin at the outskirts of a town is. Today is the port and channel only of sport and motorboats occupy, whereby it represents substantial leisure potential for Osterholz Scharmbeck.

postal service

a post office in Osterholz Scharmbeck exists officially since 5. July 1665 (see history of Osterholz Scharmbeck). The today's branch of the German post office findsitself at the market place opposite the cooperative bank; all other and previous locations in the city were given up.


daily papers

indicator


work on []

Education

comprehensive schools and High Schools

  • High School of the district Osterholz (based 1960)
  • integrated comprehensive school in shrub living (IGS)

main and six-form high schools

  • Heinrich Horstmann hauptschule
  • six-form high school in being enough road

primary schools

  • Menkeschule
  • Findorffschule
  • school in the Beethovenstr.
  • School in thatLindenstr.
  • Schools in the quarters shrub living, welfare horn, Ohlenstedt, Pennigbüttel, sand living and Scharmbeckstotel

other one schools

  • professional training one school (BBS)
  • Pestalozzi special school
  • school for mentally handicapped children at the monastery place
  • people's highschool Osterholz Scharmbeck (video home system)
  • circle school of music Osterholz registered association.
  • Supply school of the army in Garlstedt
work on []

Personalities

of sons and daughters of the city

  • Hans Heinrich Harms (1914 - 2006), from 1967 to 1985 bishop of the Evangelical-Lutheran regional church Oldenburg. It was born in Scharmbeck.

literature

  • Johann Segelken: Osterholz Scharmbeck book of local history and geography, publishing house Saade, Osterholz Scharmbeck 1987
  • Ernstheinrich Meyer Stiens: Secret main street, Osterholz Scharmbeck 2000
  • Meyer Korte/Metzing: Osterholz Scharmbeck: Picture and development OF A town center, Osterholz Scharmbeck 1979


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