Otto IV. (HRR)
It buildup since 1182 at the English king yard of its uncle smelling pool of broadcasting corporations lion heart († 1199) and worked satisfactorily inWar against France as army leaders.1196 received Otto von Richard lion heart the county Poitou in the west of France and thus the title of a duke from Aquitanien. To 9. June 1198 he was selected to the German king and to 12. July 1198 in Aachen of the Cologner Archbishop Adolf I. by Altena crowned, mainly as Gegenpart to pilotfar from (and, but yet not crowned already selected pilotfish king Philipp of Swabia). In the following Otto threatened itself to be subject to German throne controversy against Philipp, could however after the murder Philipps 1208 throughOtto von Wittelsbach intersperse. To 4. October 1209 it became by Pope Innozenz III. to the emperor crowned. After the attempt to integrate Sicilies into the realm it was placed 1209 under church spell. Thereupon 1211 became the Staufer Friedrich II. to the Gegenkönig selected and 1212 in Mainzcrowned. To 22. July 1212 married Otto the 14jährige Beatrix, daughter Philipps of Swabia, who died however three weeks later (11. August 1212). In May 1214 he married Maria von Brabant, the daughter Heinrichs I. of Brabant, with which it already1198 was engaged. 1214 became Otto IV. of the French king Philipp II. August in the battle with Bouvines struck. Thereupon Friedrich became II. 1215 in Aachen to the king crowned and generally recognition.
Otto played an important role for the history of the höfischen German literature. As grandchildren of the English pair of kings Heinrich II. and Eleonore of Aquitanien, in the 2. Half 12. Century thatculturally and literarily probably most important yard Christian Europe led, and as at this yard and under the Obhut of its even as Trouvère brillierenden uncle smelling pool of broadcasting corporations lion heart grown up, Otto must both with the Anglo-Norman language as well as with the highly developed mäzenatischen culture of the house Plantagenet familiarlybeen its. One may attribute Mathilde to its nut/mother the impact for the translation of the French Roland song into the medium high German. In of Otto periphery or in of Otto honours the Otia developed imperialia the Gervasius of Tilbury and (most likely) the Guote Gerhart of the Rudolf of Ems. Also tungsten ofAsh brook seems to it and its angevinischen inheritance in its Parzival - to novel a reverence to prove.
- Bernd gumption Mueller/Stefan Weinfurter (Hrsg.): The German rulers of the Middle Ages, historical one of haven advice of Heinrich I. to Maximilian I., Publishing house C.H. Beck: Munich 2003, 624 S.,5. Fig., 3 maps and 7 family trees.
- Peoples Mertens: Le mécénat de l'empereur Otton IV., in: Cours of princières et châteaux, Hg. of Danielle Buschinger, grab forest 1993, S. 143-164.
- Hans Martin Schaller, the mental life on yards emperors Ottos IV. by Braunschweig, in: German archives 45(1989), S. 54-82.
Web on the left of
|List of the Roman-German rulers|| successor|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||emperor of the holy Roman realm|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1175 or 1176|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Argetan, normandy|
|DYING DATE||16. May 1218|