Table of contents
The city is appropriate for a river with goldhaltigem sand to the Wottawa (Otava), (písek sand means “) in the Czech one „. The today's city extends on both banks of the river.
First the place of the later city was inhabited by Celts. They were then replaced later by Teutons and through [Slawen].
the Middle Ages
perhaps already in 12. Century gave it a village with the pc. - to Wenzel church in the place, where today the Wenzelsvorstadt (Václavské předměstí) is. 1308 were mentioned the village already expressed as Altpisek (Starý Písek).
The actual medieval city became at the end of the reign Wenzels I. in the center 13. Century based. The first voucher over the city appears in a document of the mentioned king from 1243. His son, king Přemysl Ottokar II., a special attention dedicated to the structure of Písek, in order to strengthen the power of the house of the Přemysliden in the south Böhmens. Within a short time a castle and a city with a parish church and a Dominikanerkloster were built and the transition over the river was made possible here by a stone bridge.
As direct reason for the establishment of Písek was probably considered the gold, which was washed in the river. The city supervised also traffic on the golden one rises (Zlatá stezka) and it was an important base of royal power in Südböhmen. The city received numerous privileges , which became the basis for their substantial wealth from the böhmischen rulers.
Already 1419 followed Písek the Hussiten and became free member in the hussitischen Tábor - federation. Also later, until 1452, the city kept its Selbstständigkeit. It became gradually the one of the richest böhmischen cities and 1509 bought it even the royal castle with large forest surfaces in the Píseker mountains (Písecké hory). The time of the Prosperität lasted 16 up to the 30's . Century.
time of the Austrian supremacy
1532 most buildings in the fire were destroyed and 1543 became Písek for the participation in the unsuccessful resistance against the having citizens of the king Ferdinand I. by the withdrawal of all rights as well as the possession punishes. Although the city back-got most goods later, it approached a serious crisis. It was to blame for itself and 1611 it was geplündert.
A large tragedy brought that dreissigjähriger war. The city changed several times the owner and lost its whole ability and coming in. The verkommene city was affected 1627 , 1646 and 1651 by further fires. It took decades, until it recovered again.
1744 were stationed here a troop unit. 1850 became Písek seat of the district office. Since half 19. Century was there a strong patriotic movement, it developed here the industry and 1888 the urban power station in enterprise was taken.
Czechoslovakia (1918 - 1938)
to proclaiming the Czechoslovakian republic came it into Písek (as in some other cities) somewhat in former times, already to 14. October 1918. The city tied lead component end a looked for place of students, summer guests and pensioners, who wanted to spend a calm age here to its Vorkriegstradition and.
protectorate Böhmen and Mähren
the Nazi Okkupation did large suffering to Písek. Many humans are in the war please, many were executed and many in concentration camps died. The Okkupation became by the arrival of the American army in the evening 6. May 1945 terminates. The Soviet troops reached the city only to 10. May.
Czechoslovakia (1945 - 1992)
with the tide disaster in August 2002 a large part of Písek was strongly damaged. Today the city is however again completely reconditioned.
The today's mayor von Písek is Luboš Průša.
objects of interest
the stone bridge
the bridge over the river Otava should no visitor of the city to be escaped be able. Although their exact Gründungsdatum is unknown, it is the oldest received bridge in Böhmen. In written documents she is mentioned for the first time 1348.
The bridge is 111 m long and 6.3 m broad. The roadway of the bridge is about 5.75 m broad.
The well-known statues on the bridge originate from the first half 18. Century.
the castle became at the same time with the city of Přemysl Ottokar II. built. The frequent stays of böhmischer rulers confirm the meaning of the castle.
Some parts of the castle became starting from that 16. Century to the seat of the Píseker of city hall.
Further parts were destroyed by fires, Plündereien and by the change to a Bierbrauerei.
Since beginning 20. Century is there the city museum (Prácheňské muzeum) accommodated.
further one important objects of interest
- the city hall
- the monastic church of the increase of the holy cross
- the Putimer gate
- the church of the birth holy June-grey Maria
- the parsonage building
- hotel Otava
- the plague column (group of statues)
- the building of the municipal library
- the synagog
- the city theatre ( the Fráňa Šrámek)
- the power station
- the island
- the pc. - Wenzel church
- the Jewish cemetery
- the stud
born in Písek
lived in Písek
- Adolf Heyduk (1835 - 1923), poets
- August Sedláček (1843 - 1926), historian
- Otakar Ševčík (1852 - 1934), violonists and playing the violin paedagogue
- Mikoláš Aleš (1852 - 1913), painter
- Josef Holeček (1853 - 1929), regional writer
- Fráňa Šrámek (1877 - 1952), poet, writer and dramatist
- Caerphilly (Wales, Great Britain)
- Wetzlar (Hessen, Germany)
- Lemvig (Denmark)
- Smiltene (Latvia)
- Veľký Krtíš (Slowakei)