Pablo Picasso

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Pablo Picasso, 1916
Pablo Picasso, 1916
birth house Picassos in Málaga
Picassoskulptur bei Kristinehamn (Schweden)
Picassoskulptur with Kristinehamn (Sweden)

the Spanish painter, commercial artist and sculptor Pablo Ruiz Picasso (* 25. October 1881 in Málaga; † 8. April 1973 in Mougins, France) is considered asone of the most important artists 20. Century. Its considerable complete work of more than 15,000 paintings, designs, diagrams, plastics and ceramic(s) showed style and school screen end effect on the modern art. Together with Georges Braque it justified the Kubismus.

Table of contents

Biografie

Picassos complete name reads Pablo Diego José Santiago Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Crispín Crispiniano de loosely Remedios Cipriano de la Santisima Trinidad Ruiz Blasco y Picasso López. It was the first child of Don JoséRuiz Blasco and Dona Maria Picasso López. The father was a painter and indication teacher at the local college of arts and crafts. From Picassos of first marriage with the Russian dancer Olga Koklowa (marriage 1916, separation 1935) son Paolo (* 1921) followed. SecondBefore, which it died 1961 with Jacqueline Roque, remained childless. Picasso had three further, illegitimate children: from the relationship with Marie Thérèse walter (which from 1927 to 1937 lasted) the daughter Maya (* 1935), with Françoise Gilot (relationship from 1943 to1953) the son Claude (* 1947) and the daughter Paloma (* 1949).

work

extensive groups of works are in Germany in the museum mountain-green in Berlin issued Ludwig in Cologne and in the collection.

early creative period

alreadyinto in former times youth the artistic gift Picassos came to light. Thus it began to already paint Jose Ruiz Blasco in the age of five years under guidance of its father. With 15 it created easy the entrance examination at the academy of art in Barcelona.Only one year later it left it again, in order to study at the outstanding academy of the capital Madrid. There Picasso visited the museums, above all the Prado and the artist restaurants. Already during this time it had first successful exhibitions.

blue period (approx. 1901-1904)

1901 visited the rising artist several times the art metropolis Paris. There he became acquainted with the work of the Impressionisten Cézanne, Degas and Toulouse Lautrec, him much impressed and him to pictures of outsidersthe society such as beggars, homeless people and lonely humans inspired. 1901 showed the art dealer and publisher Ambroise full pool of broadcasting corporations for the first time Picassos of works in an exhibition. It reduced its representation both in color and in the shaping to a minimum. In thisWork phase showed up most clearly the influence of the expressionism. Since between 1901 and 1904 pictures developed in cool bluish-greenish tones are held, one calls this melancholische work phase „the blue period “.

In the blue period Picasso developed its for the first timeown style. Heavycourageous figure pictures in different blue tones are characteristic for this phase. The pictures are coined/shaped by deep sadness. With its assistance it processed both its isolation in the foreigner and the death of a good friend. The picture Evokation- The funeral Casagemas is the first picture of the blue work phase. It is to show the end of a friendship and the beginning of a new work phase.

pink period (approx. 1905-1907)

Starting from 1905 pink tones in Picassos works began to prevail.Picasso celebrated almost beauty. In the comparison to the blue period there was only little melancholy in its works, the blue yielded to the background. Particularly Gaukler, rope dancers and Harlekins (sad Spassmacher), in kontrapostischer body attitude and classical beauty, ranked among itsMotives for picture. „The sweet pain “is always expression in its pictures. Among the most important works from this time „“and „Gauklerfamilie “rank woman with crow.

Kubismus (approx. 1907-1920)

cubist Portrait Picassos of Juan Gris (1912)

the cubist(derived from latin cubus for cubes) period Picassos can be divided in two phases: the analytic (1907-1912) and synthetic (1912-1920) Kubismus.

analytic Kubismus

the analytic Kubismus is the cubist mark way strictly speaking, the Picasso commonwith its friend Georges Braque developed. It concerns itself with matters of form; in the center the problem is located, as the things can be attributed to organized simple geometrical forms. In the reason cubist art is a dismantling process. The representation of the motives does not become by any meansonly the cube uses, but also other geometrical forms such as ball, cone and cylinder. A characteristic break with the traditional perspective is furthermore the simultaneous opinion, i.e., an object is represented in such a way, as if one would see it at the same time from all sides.This impulse rises also from the experience of common painting of Picasso and Braque before nature, since they observed that the beam of light - for example with a house corner - was different depending upon time of day. They painted these different opinions ina picture, so that they were simultaneously represented and „the crystalline “structure developed.

Suggestion was for Picasso and Braque both their argument with the art of the nature peoples, above all the African, and traditional iberische art up to worksCézannes. Preferential motives were quiet lives, in particular with music instruments, in addition, humans. Special meaning in Picassos work is attached to the painting Les of demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), marks it nevertheless the transition from the pink period (still in the colour reflects itself)for the Kubismus (that the shaping of the represented women intends).

synthetic Kubismus

divided Picasso in the analytic Kubismus still motives into individual geometrical objects, then he built her up in the synthetic Kubismus from individual objects again. In addition it referredMaterials (so-called objets trouvés) like sand, newspaper cuttings or wood into its works also. Thus they actually lost their function and became in its pictures decoration elements. Together with graphic elements (lines and shadings, for example with coal) wentit now a synthesis, therefore the name of this creative period. - Particularly by the use of materials - its pictures became increasing more plastic and protruded from the canvases. With the synthetic Kubismus Picasso did not only create a new art trend,separate discovered also new organization possibilities, for example the collage.

political employment

Picasso developed only by the Spanish civil war a political commitment. While it continued to live in Paris, it starting from 1936 the republican government of Spain supported itself,against the Putschisten and future dictator Franco to the resistance set. In acknowledgment its it was determined 1937 in absence to the director of the Prado. After bombardment Guernicas to 26. April 1937 it decided, the dramatic moments in the painting of the same nameto hold and anzuprangern. The work of art was issued still in the same year in the Spanish pavilion on the world exhibition in Paris and ranks since then among the most famous anti-war pictures. Some key figures, like the crying woman and the dying horse, are in itslater works again. Picasso tried to induce the French government to the intervention in the Spanish civil war, however without success.

1944 occurred Picasso the communist party of France . Later he co-operated with a peace movement, but its Stalins haven-guesses/advises (1953)displeased the trailers of the dictator. Picasso zog sich wieder in die schöpferische Einsamkeit zurück und bildete stattdessen Meisterwerke der klassischen Malerei (Die Frauen von Algier, Die Hoffräulein) in dem ihm eigenen Stil nach.

Selected works

  • science and mercy (1897; Museo Picasso, Barcelona)
  • in the coffee house (1902; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • La Vie (1903; Museum OF decaying kind, Cleveland)
  • portrait Jaime Sabartés (1904; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • the meager meal (1904; Ulmer museum, Ulm)
  • sitting Harlekin (1905;Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • the Gaukler (1905; National Gallery OF kind, Washington)
  • boy with whistle (1905; were 2004 with proceeds of sale of 104.2 million US Dollar the most expensive painting of the world)
  • head of a young man (1906; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • Frauenkopf (1906; CollectionMountain-green, Berlin)
  • two document (1906; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • head of a woman (1907; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • sailor, a cigarette turning (1907; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • female act, study for Les Demoiselles (1907; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • Les Demoiselles D ′ Avignon (1907; Museum OF decayingKind, New York)
  • Pots et citron (1907; R. & H. Asking liner kind Foundation, Vienna; Web left)
  • fruit bowl with pears and apples (1908; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • Frauenkopf (plastics) (1909; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • portrait Georges Braque (1910; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • Verre etpomme (1911; R. & H. Asking liner kind Foundation, Vienna; Web left)
  • bottle, Absintglas, fan, whistle, violin, clarinet on a piano (1912; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • sitting woman with guitar (1912; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • Verre et cartes à more jouer (1912; R. &H. Asking liner kind Foundation, Vienna;Web left)
  • violin (1912; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • mA Jolie (1914; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • glass and cube (1914; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • quiet life with glass and Spielkarten (1914; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • the Absintglas (1914; Plastics; Collection mountain-green,Berlin)
  • quiet life with Weintraube (1914; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • Spielkarten, tobacco, bottle and glass (1914; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • guitar and newspaper (1916; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • Spielkarten, glass and bottle on a table (1916; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • sitting man at a table(1916; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • Harlekin with guitar (1918; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • quiet life before a window in Saint Raphael (1919; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • the family Sisley (1919; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • glass, bouquet, guitar and bottle (1919; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • lying bathing(1920; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • two document at the beach (1920; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • two bathing (1921; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • sitting act, the foot drying itself (1921; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • Pipes OF Pan (1923; Musée Picasso, Paris)
  • dancing Silene (1933; Collection mountain-green,Berlin)
  • portrait Nusch (1937; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • Guernica (1937; Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid)
  • head of a Fauns (1937; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • the cock (1938; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • the yellow sweater (1939; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)
  • Nature morte à la Guitare (1942; R.& H. Asking liner kind Foundation, Vienna;Web left)
  • Portrait de femme outer chapeau vert (1947; R. & H. Asking liner kind Foundation, Vienna; Web left)
  • massacres in Korea (1951; Musée Picasso, Paris)
  • Paysage mediterranéen (1952; R. & H. Asking liner kind Foundation,Vienna;Web left)
  • Sylvette (1954; R. & H. Asking liner kind Foundation, Vienna)
  • Nu assis dans un armchair (1963; R. & H. Asking liner kind Foundation, Vienna; Web left)
  • Femme nue à l'oiseau et joueur de flûte (1967; R. & H. Asking linerKind Foundation, Vienna;Web left)
  • Matador with act (1970; Collection mountain-green, Berlin)

museums

Museo Picasso Málaga

Literaturhinweise

  • Olivier Widmaier Picasso (Sohn von Picassos Tochter Maya): Picasso - ISBN 3-7913-2962-6 haven-guess/advise the family, 2003,

Web on the left of

Wikiquote: Pablo Picasso - quotations
Commons: Pablo Picasso - pictures, videos and/or audio files
  • {{#if:
| | * Literature of and over Pablo Picasso in the catalog of the DDB

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