of these articles is occupied with the Sicilian city Palermo. For further meanings see Palermo (term clarifying).

State of Italy
region Sicily
province Palermo (Pa)
geographical location of 38°07' N 13°22' O
height m and. NN
surface 158 km ²
inhabitant 721,163 (2006)
population density 4,564 Einwohner/km ²
postal zip code 90100
preselection 091
ISTAT - code 082053
name of the inhabitants Palermitani
protection patron Santa Rosalia
Website Palermo

Palermo is the capital of the Italian region Sicily and the capital of the province Palermo.

Table of contents

situation and data

city and port of the Monte Pellegrino out seen

to Palermo is with approximately 721,163 inhabitants in the city (2006) - approx. 1.064.000 inhabitants as dye (2006) - the largest city Siziliens.

The city is because of a bay at the north coast of the island. And which sea Italian Conca d'oro (golden shell) called the level between the mountains , which surround Palermo,probably because of the Orangenhaine, which surrounded Palermo already at present the Arab rule. Today the city expanded over nearly the whole Conca d'oro.

The neighbour municipalities Palermos are: Altofonte, Belmonte Mezzagno, Ficarazzi, Isola depression Femmine, Misilmeri, Monreale, Torretta and would mansion-ask.

the city as trading base approximately

in 8 created history historical map of Palermo the Phönizier. Century v. Chr. During the first Puni war Palermo was an important bulwark of the Karthager, to it 254 v. Chr. of the Romans one conquered.

The original name of the city was probably “Ziz” (= the flower). The Greeks called it “Panormos” (= all port) because of their large port bay (however Palermo was never a Greek city). Among the Romans this name became then “Panormus”.

Under Augustus former Roman became Legionäre settled in the city. Sicily was in the antique one an predominantly griechischsprachige island, particularly the East part. Palermo was for instance because of the border to the griechischsprachigen part. After the Wandalen had created its realm in North Africa with the today's Tunesien in the year 429 as center, fellthey several times in Sicilies and tried to incorporate it durably.

The city fell 535 east Rome, under whose rule it flowered about two hundred years. Later she came then under Islamic rule. Under this rule Palermo became 831 the capital of the entire islandand developed to a flowering economic center. The number of inhabitants at this time becomes on approximately 300,000 estimated, only Konstantinopel had in Europe at that time more inhabitant.

Palermo was conquered 1072 by the Normannen and became at the beginning 12. Jh. Capital of the county (and starting from 1230 of the Kingdom of) Sicily. From this time still many buildings are received, which show clearly still Arab style influences, like e.g. the summer residence Zisa in the style of an Arab desert lock or the churches San Giovanni degli Eremiti and San Cataldo with their red sounded domes. With the Normannenpalast and the cathedral are also still good the Arab style elements to recognize, but the general impression was lost by later on and changes.

Sarkophag von Friedrich II., im Hintergrund der von Roger II.
Sarkophag of Friedrich II., in the background of Roger II.

Under the Normannen Palermo experienced its cultural bloom time, also under pilotfar from continued, which 1194 power took over. Friedrich II. the city developed to the glossful residence .

After the execution of the last Staufers Konradin Sicily comes under the rule of Karl von Anjou, who shifts the capital of its realm however after Neapel. In such a way specified Sicilian Vesper brought the end to the rule Anjous in Sicilies. With this rebellion 1282, which proceeded from Palermo, thousands Frenchman Siziliens of the native population were killed. However in Palermo 2000 humans died.

In the future took the Aragonier, Austrian and Bourbonen thoseCity in possession. The former meaning was lost.1860 pulled Giuseppe Garibaldi into the city and already one year later became it, together with the entire island, a component of the Kingdom of Italy. During the Second World War Palermo was heavily damaged.

Into the youngestTime inside was Palermo firmly in the hand of the mafia and was considered as their center. Courageous state lawyers such as Giovanni Falcone or Paolo Borsellino fought against it on and by the mafia were killed. Palermo was also structural in a ruinous condition. The old part of town of Palermo hasan irregular net of close wound lanes with partly very old houses. With the “Antimafia” - mayor Leoluca Orlando flowered the public life of the city soon. The population captured the public area and security also at night again back. Owing to Orlandos it, that succeeded to effortsTo open opera house” Teatro Massimo “1998 again, after its restoration had been almost kidnapped since 1974 a quarter century.

In the last decades a ever more strongly become excerpt of the population from the old part of town took place, which is partial in a ruinous condition. By introducedMeasures of reorganization is to be stopped this excerpt.

objects of interest

Dom von Palermo
cathedral of Palermo
San Giovanni degli Eremiti
La Martorana
San Cataldo
Quattro Canti
Fontana Pretoria
Teatro Massimo
Teatro Politeama
yachting port and Monte Pellegrino


  • the cathedral (ital. Cattedrale)with the grave Friedrich II., the crypt and the cathedral treasure,
  • San Giovanni dei Lebbrosi is the oldest church Palermos in the Arab normannischen style. Roger I. it left 1071 still before the conquest of the city outside of the walls at that time arrichten. The church became to an ArabCastellet, which Castello Giovanni, attached, from whom today only few remnants are received. In 12. Jh. a hospital for leprosy patient was established here, which gave her surname to the church. 1934 were restored the church thoroughly, added on this occasion also a bell tower.
  • SanGiovanni degli Eremiti became of Roger II. briefly after his confirmation as a king of Sicilies establishes 1130 as part of the first Roman-catholic monastery on Sicilies.
  • La Martorana (Santa Maria dell'Ammiraglio), establishes admiral Rogers starting from 1143 by George von Antiochia, II., has inRun of history numerous structural changes experience. In 14. Jh. the tower received its top in the style of the Catalan gothic, in 17. Jh. a baroque front was established to the Piazza Bellini.
  • San Cataldo, establishes - 1160 to 1154 by Maio of Bari, thatAdmiral Wilhelms I., one of the last churches is Sicily in the Arab normannischen style. On the kubusförmigen building, whose fronts with dazzling elbows are decorated and only in their top small windows have, three halfspherical domes sit in each case on a cylindrical Tambour with windows. The insidewe divided by antique columns into three ships, the inner walls show the bare stone.
  • La Magione
  • Santa Maria della Catena
  • Santa Maria dello Spasimo
  • Santo Spirito
  • Chiesa del Gesu (Casa Professa)
  • Sant' Agostino
  • Santa Caterina
  • San Francesco d'Assisi
  • Oratorio di San Lorenzo
  • Oratorio del Rosario thoseSan Domenico

of palaces

  • of the Normannenpalast (Palazzo material one or Palazzo dei Normanni) was in former times seat of the kings and viceroys Siziliens and is today seat of the Sicilian parliament. Particularly worth seeing in the Normannenpalast the Cappella Palatina and the room of the Roger are, both also Mosaics from normannischer time. At the Normannenpalast the Porta Nuova in the place of an earlier town-gate is cultivated.
  • Zisa and Cuba are locks from normannischer time, which were provided among Arab building masters.
  • Palazzo Chiaramonte
  • Palazzo Sclafani
  • Palazzo Abatellis
  • of the Palazzo Senatorio (or Palazzo Pretorio) onthe Piazza Pretoria is the city hall Palermos. The building originally originates from that 15. Jh., however several times structurally one changed and one increased. Its current form it received in 19. Jh..
  • Palazzo Archivescovale with the diocesan museum

of places

  • Quattro Canti is insmall place at the crossing of the main streets of the old city (today: Corso Vittorio Emmanuele and via Maqueda), which divided the city into their four quarters. The Palazzi at the corners has diagonal geschwungenene baroque fronts, so that the place receives an octagonal form. To thatFronts stand for wells with Allegorien of the four seasons. In niches in the 1. Statues of Spanish kings stand for floor and in 2. Floor statues of the Schutzheiligen of the boroughs.
  • The Piazza Pretoria became in 16. Jh. in the proximity of the Quattro Canti, over there put on a mannersistic wellto set up from Francesco Camilliani, the Fontana Pretoria. Because of the Piazza Pretoria is also the Palazzo Senatorio, the city hall of Palermo.
  • Piazza Rivoluzione with the Fontana del Genio
  • Piazza Indipendenza south the Normannenpalasts
  • Piazza Verdi before the Teatro Massimo
  • Piazza Castelnuovo and Piazza Ruggero Settimo forwardsthe Teatro Politeama

  • a collection of singular exhibits of the prehistory of the island shows museums the archaeological regional museum (Museo Archeologico regional one “Antonio Salinas”) up to the lateRoman time.
  • the regional gallery (Galleria regional one della Sicilia) in the Palazzo Abatellis
  • the diocesan museum (Museo Diocesano) in the Erzbischöflichen palacewith religious art auds that 12. Jh. up to 19. Jh., in the basement excavations and representations of the town development


  • the neoklassizistische Teatro Massimo became from 1864 to 1897 under G.B. Basile delighted and is one of the largest and most beautiful opera houses thatWorld. Here also premieres were specified of this operas
  • Teatro Politeama


  • Parco d'Orleans between Normannenpalast and the Campus of the University of
  • mansion Bonnanno between Normannenpalast and cathedral
  • the Botani garden, in which once Goethe looked for the “Urpflanze “.
  • Mansion Giulia, a park geometrically put on beside the botanischen garden.
  • Mansion Garibaldi, a small park before the Palazzo Chiaramonte
  • Giardino Inglese in the west of the city


  • the cathedral of Monreale is appropriate for about 8 km far away from the city centre. Their walls havealso over 6000 m ² gold mosaics stories of the old person and new will for the illiterates of the Middle Ages descriptive made. Worth seeing also the square cloister is also over 200 double columns.
  • the Monte Pellegrino with the Heiligtum of the holy Rosalia and Grotten with stone-temporal painting.
  • Solunto,an originally phönizische settlement on the eastern Vorgebirge of Palermo
  • the baroque mansions of Bagheria


railway: Palermo has a main station, in which courses from Rome end.

Aviation: For about 35 km west the city is appropriate the airport Palermo.

Navigation: From the port from Palermo car ferries operate among other things to Genova, Livorno and Neapel. There are give shipping connections after Tunis, Cagliari, Ustica and along the north coast Siziliens after Cefalù, Messina and to the Lipari islands.


of sons and daughters of the city


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coordinates: 38° 7 ' N, 13° 22 ' O


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